Major lifestyle changes the middle ages to 1800
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 69

Major Lifestyle Changes: The Middle Ages to 1800 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 76 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Major Lifestyle Changes: The Middle Ages to 1800. 1450 to 1750: Beginning of commerce. 1450 to 1750: Beginning of commerce. No monetary system in place. 1450 to 1750: Beginning of commerce. No monetary system in place. Bartering was used exclusively. 1450 to 1750: Beginning of commerce.

Download Presentation

Major Lifestyle Changes: The Middle Ages to 1800

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Major lifestyle changes the middle ages to 1800

Major Lifestyle Changes:The Middle Ages to 1800


1450 to 1750 beginning of commerce

1450 to 1750: Beginning of commerce


1450 to 1750 beginning of commerce1

1450 to 1750: Beginning of commerce

  • No monetary system in place.


1450 to 1750 beginning of commerce2

1450 to 1750: Beginning of commerce

  • No monetary system in place.

  • Bartering was used exclusively.


1450 to 1750 beginning of commerce3

1450 to 1750: Beginning of commerce

  • No monetary system in place.

  • Bartering was used exclusively.

    • Trading what you have for what you want.


1450 to 1750 beginning of commerce4

1450 to 1750: Beginning of commerce

  • No monetary system in place.

  • Bartering was used exclusively.

    • Trading what you have for what you want.

  • Manors grew what they could and bartered for the rest.


1450 to 1750 beginning of commerce5

1450 to 1750: Beginning of commerce

  • No monetary system in place.

  • Bartering was used exclusively.

    • Trading what you have for what you want.

  • Manors grew what they could and bartered for the rest.

  • This system encouraged specialization in goods.


1450 to 1750 beginning of commerce6

1450 to 1750: Beginning of commerce

  • No monetary system in place.

  • Bartering was used exclusively.

    • Trading what you have for what you want.

  • Manors grew what they could and bartered for the rest.

  • This system encouraged specialization in goods.

    • Increasing profits helped to sustain the new system.


Change in the wind

Change in the Wind:

  • Farming improvements led to more food being produced.


Change in the wind1

Change in the Wind:

  • Farming improvements led to more food being produced.

  • Leads to population increases


Change in the wind2

Change in the Wind:

  • Farming improvements led to more food being produced.

  • Leads to population increases

  • Increased market demand for cloth due to population increases.


Change in the wind3

Change in the Wind:

  • Farming improvements led to more food being produced.

  • Leads to population increases

  • Increased market demand for cloth due to population increases.

  • Cottage Industry: textile manufacturing in the home with all members of the family helping make cloth.


Change in the wind4

Change in the Wind:

  • Farming improvements led to more food being produced.

  • Leads to population increases

  • Increased market demand for cloth due to population increases.

  • Cottage Industry: textile manufacturing in the home with all members of the family helping make cloth.

  • This leads us to the INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION.


Industrial revolution

Industrial Revolution


Industrial revolution1

Industrial Revolution

  • 1750-1800:


Industrial revolution2

Industrial Revolution

  • 1750-1800:

    • the European manufacturing process shifted from small, home production to large-scale, machine production.


Industrial revolution3

Industrial Revolution

  • 1750-1800:

    • the European manufacturing process shifted from small, home production to large-scale, machine production.

    • Started in the textile industry.


Industrial revolution4

Industrial Revolution

  • 1750-1800:

    • the European manufacturing process shifted from small, home production to large-scale, machine production.

    • Started in the textile industry.

    • Factory System: machines and workers brought together in large buildings.


Industrial revolution5

Industrial Revolution

  • 1750-1800:

    • the European manufacturing process shifted from small, home production to large-scale, machine production.

    • Started in the textile industry.

    • Factory System: machines and workers brought together in large buildings.

    • Division of labor: Each worker did one specific part of the process.


Inventions

Inventions:

  • Major Inventions Changed the Textile Industry


Inventions1

Inventions:

  • Major Inventions Changed the Textile Industry

    • Spinning Jenny: James Hartgrove 1768


Inventions2

Inventions:

  • Major Inventions Changed the Textile Industry

    • Spinning Jenny: James Hartgrove 1768

    • Water Frame: Richard Arkwright


Inventions3

Inventions:

  • Major Inventions Changed the Textile Industry

    • Spinning Jenny: James Hartgrove 1768

    • Water Frame: Richard Arkwright

    • Cotton Gin: Eli Whitney 1793


Inventions4

Inventions:

  • Major Inventions Changed the Textile Industry

    • Spinning Jenny: James Hartgrove 1768

    • Water Frame: Richard Arkwright

    • Cotton Gin: Eli Whitney 1793

  • Transportation Increases


Inventions5

Inventions:

  • Major Inventions Changed the Textile Industry

    • Spinning Jenny: James Hartgrove 1768

    • Water Frame: Richard Arkwright

    • Cotton Gin: Eli Whitney 1793

  • Transportation Increases

    • Better Roads


Inventions6

Inventions:

  • Major Inventions Changed the Textile Industry

    • Spinning Jenny: James Hartgrove 1768

    • Water Frame: Richard Arkwright

    • Cotton Gin: Eli Whitney 1793

  • Transportation Increases

    • Better Roads

    • Canals (human-made waterways)


Inventions7

Inventions:

  • Major Inventions Changed the Textile Industry

    • Spinning Jenny: James Hartgrove 1768

    • Water Frame: Richard Arkwright

    • Cotton Gin: Eli Whitney 1793

  • Transportation Increases

    • Better Roads

    • Canals (human-made waterways)

    • Railroads


Inventions8

Inventions:

  • Major Inventions Changed the Textile Industry

    • Spinning Jenny: James Hartgrove 1768

    • Water Frame: Richard Arkwright

    • Cotton Gin: Eli Whitney 1793

  • Transportation Increases

    • Better Roads

    • Canals (human-made waterways)

    • Railroads

    • Steam Engines: Developed by James Watt


Inventions9

Inventions:

  • Steam engine: James Watts 1785, revolutionized factory work.


Powering the industrial revolution

Powering the Industrial Revolution:


Powering the industrial revolution1

Powering the Industrial Revolution:

  • Started with Water Power: Machines worked due to the flow of water wheels built on rivers.


Powering the industrial revolution2

Powering the Industrial Revolution:

  • Started with Water Power: Machines worked due to the flow of water wheels built on rivers.

  • Steam engines: Steam boats by 1808 used to transport goods and people across the water much faster with larger amounts.


Fueling the machines

Fueling the machines:


Fueling the machines1

Fueling the machines:

  • Factories need fuel to run the machines: COAL


Fueling the machines2

Fueling the machines:

  • Factories need fuel to run the machines: COAL

  • Coal mining expands: Production doubles from 1750 to 1800.


Fueling the machines3

Fueling the machines:

  • Factories need fuel to run the machines: COAL

  • Coal mining expands: Production doubles from 1750 to 1800.

  • Large cities grow up near coal and iron fields.


Major lifestyle changes the middle ages to 1800

  • Factories need fuel to run the machines: COAL

  • Coal mining expands: Production doubles from 1750 to 1800.

  • Large cities grow up near coal and iron fields.


Labor issues

Labor issues


Labor issues1

Labor issues

  • The raw wool and cotton that fed the British textile mills came from:


Labor issues2

Labor issues

  • The raw wool and cotton that fed the British textile mills came from:

    • Lands converted from farming to raising sheep, leaving farm workers without jobs


Labor issues3

Labor issues

  • The raw wool and cotton that fed the British textile mills came from:

    • Lands converted from farming to raising sheep, leaving farm workers without jobs

    • Urbanization: movement of people from rural to urban (city) areas


Conditions in the cities

Conditions in the cities:


Conditions in the cities1

Conditions in the cities:

  • Housing, water, sewers, food supplies, and lighting were completely inadequate.


Conditions in the cities2

Conditions in the cities:

  • Housing, water, sewers, food supplies, and lighting were completely inadequate.

  • Slums grew and disease destroyed the population.


Conditions in the cities3

Conditions in the cities:

  • Housing, water, sewers, food supplies, and lighting were completely inadequate.

  • Slums grew and disease destroyed the population.

  • Crime increased and became a way of life for those who could make a living in no other way.


Conditions in the countryside

Conditions in the countryside:


Conditions in the countryside1

Conditions in the countryside:

  • The only successful farmers were those with large landholdings who could afford agricultural innovations.


Conditions in the countryside2

Conditions in the countryside:

  • The only successful farmers were those with large landholdings who could afford agricultural innovations.

  • Most peasants:


Conditions in the countryside3

Conditions in the countryside:

  • The only successful farmers were those with large landholdings who could afford agricultural innovations.

  • Most peasants:

    • Didn’t have enough land to support themselves


Conditions in the countryside4

Conditions in the countryside:

  • The only successful farmers were those with large landholdings who could afford agricultural innovations.

  • Most peasants:

    • Didn’t have enough land to support themselves

    • Were forced to move to the cities to find work in the factories.


The role of the railroads

The role of the railroads:


The role of the railroads1

The role of the railroads:

  • Built during the 1830s and 1840s:


The role of the railroads2

The role of the railroads:

  • Built during the 1830s and 1840s:

    • Enabled people to leave the place of their birth and migrate easily to the cities.


The role of the railroads3

The role of the railroads:

  • Built during the 1830s and 1840s:

    • Enabled people to leave the place of their birth and migrate easily to the cities.

    • Allowed cheaper and more rapid transport of raw materials and finished products.


Conditions in the factories

Conditions in the factories:


Conditions in the factories1

Conditions in the factories:

  • All working people, however, faced possible unemployment, with little or no provision for security.


Conditions in the factories2

Conditions in the factories:

  • All working people, however, faced possible unemployment, with little or no provision for security.

  • In addition, they were subject to various kinds of discipline:


Conditions in the factories3

Conditions in the factories:

  • All working people, however, faced possible unemployment, with little or no provision for security.

  • In addition, they were subject to various kinds of discipline:

    • The closing of factory gates to late workers


Conditions in the factories4

Conditions in the factories:

  • All working people, however, faced possible unemployment, with little or no provision for security.

  • In addition, they were subject to various kinds of discipline:

    • The closing of factory gates to late workers

    • Fines for tardiness


Conditions in the factories5

Conditions in the factories:

  • All working people, however, faced possible unemployment, with little or no provision for security.

  • In addition, they were subject to various kinds of discipline:

    • The closing of factory gates to late workers

    • Fines for tardiness

    • Long Hours- 12 hour days


Conditions in the factories6

Conditions in the factories:

  • All working people, however, faced possible unemployment, with little or no provision for security.

  • In addition, they were subject to various kinds of discipline:

    • The closing of factory gates to late workers

    • Fines for tardiness

    • Long Hours- 12 hour days

    • Beatings for not doing their “best”


Changes to the family

Changes to the family:


Changes to the family1

Changes to the family:

  • Decline of cottage industries + Increase in factories = family life changed.


Changes to the family2

Changes to the family:

  • Decline of cottage industries + Increase in factories = family life changed.

    • At first, the entire family, including the children, worked in the factory, just as they had at home.


Changes to the family3

Changes to the family:

  • Decline of cottage industries + Increase in factories = family life changed.

    • At first, the entire family, including the children, worked in the factory, just as they had at home.

    • Later, family life became fragmented (the father worked in the factory, the mother handled domestic chores, the children went to school).


Gender roles defined

Gender roles defined:


Gender roles defined1

Gender roles defined:

  • This brought about the ideas of gender roles.


Gender roles defined2

Gender roles defined:

  • This brought about the ideas of gender roles.

    • Women came to be associated with domestic duties, such as housekeeping, food preparation, child rearing and nurturing, and household management.


Gender roles defined3

Gender roles defined:

  • This brought about the ideas of gender roles.

    • Women came to be associated with domestic duties, such as housekeeping, food preparation, child rearing and nurturing, and household management.

    • The man came to be the “Bread winner”


  • Login