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WTO TRADE FACILITATION. Sheri Rosenow WTO Trade and Finance and Trade Facilitation Division. Singapore Ministerial 1996. CTG mandated to: undertake exploratory and analytical work . . . on the simplification of trade procedures to assess the scope for WTO rules in this area. Negotiations!!!.

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WTO TRADE FACILITATION

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Wto trade facilitation

WTO TRADE FACILITATION

Sheri Rosenow WTO Trade and Finance and Trade Facilitation Division


Singapore ministerial 1996

Singapore Ministerial 1996

  • CTG mandated to:

    undertake exploratory and analytical work . . . on the simplification of trade procedures to assess the scope for WTO rules in this area.


Wto trade facilitation

Negotiations!!!

  • Clarify and improve V, VIII, X

  • SDT - Longer transition periods

  • No obligation for infrastructure

  • Identify needs and priorities

  • Technical Assistance & support

WT/L/579-Annex D


Wto trade facilitation

ARTICLE X

TRANSPARENCY

  • Publication

  • Administration of laws

  • Appeals


Wto trade facilitation

ARTICLE VIII

FEE$ and FORMALITIES

  • Fees reflect cost for services rendered

  • Reduce # and kind of fees

  • Simplify formalities and documents

  • Minor penalty for minor errors


Wto trade facilitation

ARTICLE V

TRANSIT

  • most convenient routes

  • no discrimination

  • no unnecessary delays or restrictions

  • no duties


Proposals

Article V

Article X

Proposals

Article VIII


Proposals a f

Proposals A-F

A. Publication and availability of information

B. Time periods between publication & implementation

C. Consultation & comments- new & amended rules

D. Advance rulings

E. Appeal procedures

F. Other measures to enhance impartiality and

non-discrimination

Secretariat Compilation of proposals

TN/TF/W/43/Rev.? (highest number is most recent revision)


Customs valuation agreement withdrawal of goods in event of appeal

Customs Valuation Agreementwithdrawal of goods in event of appeal

If necessary to delay determination of customs value, the importer shall be able to withdraw goods from customs

importer provides guarantee for payment of duties if required by legislation


A publication proposals

Trade regulations:

Trade legislation

Administrative guidelines

Border processes - time

Fees/charges

Appeal procedures

Agreements

Advance rulings

PSI activities

Penalty provisions

Internet

Notification of trade regulations

Enquiry points

Other measures

A - Publication Proposals


Wto trade facilitation

The Memory Card

Place card on forehead

and think!

Trademark

SR Productions


D advance ruling

D – Advance Ruling

  • Written statement

  • Issued by specialists at Customs

  • Applies the law to specific facts

  • Binding


F other measures

F - Other Measures

1. Uniform administration of trade regulations

2. Integrity and ethical conduct

  • Code of conduct

  • Automation- reduce discretion

  • Penalties

  • Assistance for prevention of offenses

  • Staff for education and training

  • Coordination and control mechanisms


Wto trade facilitation

G-L Fees &Formalities

Customs

G. FEES & CHARGES ON IMPORT/EXPORT

H. FORMALITIES ON IMPORT/EXPORT

I. CONSULARIZATION

J. BORDER AGENCY COOPERATION

K. RELEASE AND CLEARANCE OF GOODS

L. TARIFF CLASSIFICATION


G fee and charge

G - FEE$ and CHARGE$

1. General disciplines

  • Parameters for and review of fees

  • Publication/Notification of Fees

  • No collection of unpublished fees

  • Periodic review

  • Automated payment

    2. Reduce/Minimize number/kind


H import export formalities

H – Import/Export Formalities

  • Non-discrimination

  • Periodic review

  • Reduction/Limitation

  • Use international standards

  • Uniform Customs Code

  • Use Commercial information/copies

  • Automation

  • Single window

  • No PSI

  • No mandatory customs brokers


I con ularization

I - CON ULARIZATION

Consulate


K release and clearance of goods

K - RELEASE AND CLEARANCE OF GOODS

  • Expedited/Simplified Release and Clearance of Goods

    (a) Pre-arrival Clearance(b) Expedited Procedures for Express Shipments(c) Risk Management, Authorized Traders(d) Post-Clearance Audit(e) Separating Release from Clearance(f) Other Measures to Simplify Customs Release and Clearance

    2. Establishment and Publication of Average Release and Clearance Times


K a pre arrival clearance

K (a) Pre-Arrival Clearance

Documents filed

Immediate release

Customs processes


K b express consignments

K(b) EXPRESS CONSIGNMENTS

UPS

DHL

  • Separate expedited procedures

  • Data submitted prior to arrival of goods

  • Absence of weight or value restrictions

  • Rapid release

  • De minimis procedures

FEDEX

ARAMEX


Scoring points

Scoring Points

  • 75

  • 50

  • 50

  • 50

  • 25

  • 15

  • 5


Wto trade facilitation

K(d) Post-clearance audit

Entry Declaration: 400 TVs

Inventory records: 450 TV’s


L objective criteria for tariff classification

L - Objective Criteria for Tariff Classification

Fiji Tariff Code

Tariff No.Product descriptionDuty Rate

0803.00.00Bananas, including plantains, 10%

fresh or dried

0804.10.00‑Dates10%

0804.20.00‑Figs10%

0804.30.00‑Pineapples10%

0804:40.00‑Avocados10%


Wto trade facilitation

M - Matters

related to Transit

  • Strengthened Non-discrimination

  • Disciplines on Fees and Charges

  • Disciplines on Formalities and Document Requirements

  • Improved Coordination and Cooperation

  • Operationalization and Clarification of Terms


M 2 disciplines on fees and charges

M.2 - Disciplines on Fees and Charges

  • Publication of Fees/Charges & Prohibition of Unpublished

  • Periodic Review of Fees and Charges

  • More effective Disciplines on Charges for Transit

  • Periodic Exchange Between Neighbouring Authorities


M 3 disciplines on transit formalities and documentation requirements

M.3. Disciplines on Transit Formalities and Documentation Requirements

(a) Periodic Review(b) Reduction/Simplification(c) Use of international standards(d) Promotion of Regional Transit Arrangements(e) Simplified & Preferential Clearance for Certain Goods

(f) Limitation of Inspections and Controls(g) Sealing(h) Cooperation/Coordination on Document Requirements(i) Monitoring(j) Bonded Transport Regime/Guarantees


Other proposals on transit

Other Proposals on Transit

M. 4. Improved Coordination and Cooperation

(a) Amongst Authorities

(b) Between Authorities and the Private Sector

M. 5. Operationalization and Clarification of Terms


Progress of proposals

Progress of Proposals

Generation 1- general ideas

(Publication- W/6, W/7,W/8,W/17, W/26, W/30, W/32, W/45)

Generation 2 - compilation of main ideas in generation 1 proposals

(Publication- W/96)

Generation 3 – draft text based on earlier proposals

(Publication- W/114)


Other issues

OTHER ISSUES

  • Multilateral mechanism for exchange/handling of information

  • Needs assessment

    WTO Technical Assistance Program

  • Special and Differential Treatment


Special and differential treatment

Special and Differential Treatment

Developed countries can treat developing countries more favorably than other WTO Members

GATT Article XXXVI

Enabling Clause


Special differential treatment

Special & Differential Treatment

Legally binding provisions:

  • precise, effective and operational

  • flexibile

  • implementation conditioned on TA and CB

    • effective, adequate, long-term, and sustainable

    • self identified projects

Currently two 3rd Generation proposals

(TN/TF/W/137 and TN/TF/W/142)


Main elements of generation iii

Main Elements of Generation III


What now

What now?

  • Negotiations resume Members continue to submit and discuss proposals

  • Self assessment of needs – WTO Program using Annex D tool


Up to date information

Up-to-date information

WTO web-site: www.wto.org

  • Trade Facilitation

  • Trade Facilitation Technical Assistance and Capacity Building

Trade facilitation documents:

TN/TF/…


Wto trade facilitation1

WTO Trade Facilitation

THANK YOU !


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