Download

El Presente Perfecto de Indicativo y Subjuntivo






Advertisement
/ 33 []
Download Presentation
Comments
maxime
From:
|  
(1051) |   (0) |   (0)
Views: 492 | Added:
Rate Presentation: 2 1
Description:
El Presente Perfecto de Indicativo y Subjuntivo. Comparación de los dos. ¿Qué es el presente perfecto de indicativo?. The present perfect is formed by combining a helping verb (“ have ” or “has”) with the past participle. Veamos, por ejemplo…. I have played the piano for years .
El Presente Perfecto de Indicativo y Subjuntivo

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only and may not be sold or licensed nor shared on other sites. SlideServe reserves the right to change this policy at anytime. While downloading, If for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.











- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -




Slide 1

El Presente Perfecto de Indicativo y Subjuntivo

Comparación de los dos.

Slide 2

¿Qué es el presente perfecto de indicativo?

Thepresentperfectisformedbycombining a helpingverb (“have” or “has”) withthepastparticiple

Slide 3

Veamos, por ejemplo…

  • I haveplayedthe piano foryears.

  • Martha has sung at weddings.

  • Wehaveflown in a plane.

Slide 4

En inglés…

  • Toformthepresentparticiple,we combine thehelpingverb “have/has” with a pastparticiple (-ed/-en):

    • Forexample, “I havebeen a lifeguard.”

      • “I” isthesubject

      • “have” isthehelpingverb

      • “been” isthepastparticiple

Slide 5

En español…

  • Weformthepresentparticiplebycombiningthepresent tense of theverbhaber (i.e., thehelpingverborel verbo auxiliar)with a pastparticiple

    • Forexample:

      • Nosotros hemos bailado y….

        Wehavedanced and….

      • no hemos estudiado para el examen.

        Wehaven’tstudiedforthe test.

Slide 6

The present tense of haber

Slide 7

Remember…

Howtoformthepastparticiple:

  • For –arverbs, takethestem of theverb and add –ado

    Example: comprar → comprado

  • For–er and –irverbs, takethestem of theverb and add–ido

    Example: tener → tenido

    vivir→ vivido

Slide 8

Para formar…

Here are the present perfect forms of estudiar:

Slide 9

Para formar…

As you can see, I havecombinedthepresentforms of haber (thehelpingverbs)

Slide 10

…with the past participle of estudiar

Slide 11

Now you try…

On a sheet of paper, see if you can figure out the present perfect forms for the verb hablar:

Slide 12

Is this what you came up with?

Slide 13

Let’s try another…

Now see if you can form the present perfect forms of the verb tomar:

Slide 14

Is this what you got?

Slide 15

Now let’s try an –er verb

See if you can come up with the present perfect forms for comer:

Slide 16

Is this what you came up with?

Slide 17

Let’s try another one…see if you can come up with the present perfect tense of ir:

Slide 18

Is this what you came up with?

Slide 19

Many of youmayhaveassumedthatir hadan irregular pastparticiple. Afterall, itdoeshavean irregular presentparticiple. Butirisactually regular in this tense. Here are someverbsthatare irregular in thepastparticiple.

Slide 20

Not exactly irregular but…

-er and –ir verbs whose stems end in a vowel have past participles ending in –ído

caer → caído creer → creído

leer → leído oír → oído

reír → reído traer → traído

Slide 21

Irregulars

Thefollowingverbshave irregular pastparticiplesending in –to:

abrir → abierto cubrir → cubierto

escribir → escrito volver → vuelto

morir → muerto poner → puesto

romper → roto ver → visto

descubrir → descubierto

Slide 22

More irregulars

These verbs have irregular past participles ending in –cho:

decir → dicho

hacer → hecho

Slide 23

¡Vamos a practicar!

Seeifyou can formthecorrectpresentperfectusingthesubject and verbgiven.

Modelo: yo / decidir → He decidido

1. ella / abrir

Ha abierto

2. Marta y yo / tocar

Hemos tocado

3. Gonzalo / crecer

Ha crecido

Slide 24

4. Tú y tus amigos / reír

Habéis reído

5. Mis padres / hacer

Han hecho

6. Tus abuelos / cubrir

Han cubierto

7. Rogelio y Ramón / escribir

Han escrito

Slide 25

Ella ha cambiadounallantadesinfladavariasveces.

She’s changed a flat tire several times.

Todavíano lehanrevisado el aceite al coche.

They still haven’t checked the car’s oil.

  • Object pronouns and no are always placed directly before the form of haber, e.g.:

  • The present perfect form of hay is always ha habido ( there has/have been) , e.g.:

  • Remember that acabar + de + infinitive (not the present perfect tense) is used to state that something has just occurred, e.g.:

Ha habido un accidente.

(There’s been an accident.)

Acabo de mandar la carta.

I’ve just mailed the letter.

Slide 26

¿Qué es el presente perfecto de subjuntivo?

hayahabladohayamoshablado

hayashabladohayáishablado

hayahabladohayanhablado

The present perfect subjunctive (el perfecto subjuntivo) is formed with the present subjunctive of haberplus the past participle. It is used to express I have spoken(written, and so on) when the subjunctive is required.

Slide 27

Es posibleque (él) lo hayahecho.

It’s possible (that) he may have done he did it.

Me alegro de que (tú) hayasvenido.

I’m glad (that) you have come (you came).

Es buenoque lo hayanconstruido.

It’s good (that) they built (have built) it.

Note in the model sentence at the right that the English equivalent of the present perfect subjunctive can be expressed as a simple or compound tense: did/have done; came/have come; built/have built.

Slide 28

The perfect subjunctive differs from the present subjunctive in that it conveys the meaning of an action which would, or might have taken place, i.e. a finished action

Compare a) with b):

a) Esperoquelleguen a tiempoparacoger el avión (I hope they arrive on time to catch the plane)

b) Esperoquehayanllegado a tiempoparacoger el avión(I hope they arrived on time so that they could catch the place)

Slide 29

¡Vamos a practicar con el pretérito perfecto!


Copyright © 2014 SlideServe. All rights reserved | Powered By DigitalOfficePro