El Presente Perfecto de Indicativo y Subjuntivo

DownloadEl Presente Perfecto de Indicativo y Subjuntivo

Advertisement
Download Presentation
Comments
maxime
From:
|  
(135) |   (0) |   (0)
Views: 326 | Added: 01-05-2012
Rate Presentation: 1 0
Description:

El Presente Perfecto de Indicativo y Subjuntivo

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only and may not be sold or licensed nor shared on other sites. SlideServe reserves the right to change this policy at anytime. While downloading, If for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.











- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -




1. El Presente Perfecto de Indicativo y Subjuntivo Comparaci?n de los dos.

2. ?Qu? es el presente perfecto de indicativo? The present perfect is formed by combining a helping verb (?have? or ?has?) with the past participle

3. Veamos, por ejemplo? I have played the piano for years. Martha has sung at weddings. We have flown in a plane.

4. En ingl?s? To form the present participle,we combine the helping verb ?have/has? with a past participle (-ed/-en): For example, ?I have been a lifeguard.? ?I? is the subject ?have? is the helping verb ?been? is the past participle

5. En espa?ol? We form the present participle by combining the present tense of the verb haber (i.e., the helping verb or el verbo auxiliar) with a past participle For example: Nosotros hemos bailado y?. We have danced and?. no hemos estudiado para el examen. We haven?t studied for the test.

6. The present tense of haber

7. Remember? How to form the past participle: For ?ar verbs, take the stem of the verb and add ?ado Example: comprar ? comprado For ?er and ?ir verbs, take the stem of the verb and add ?ido Example: tener ? tenido vivir ? vivido

8. Para formar? Here are the present perfect forms of estudiar:

9. Para formar? As you can see, I have combined the present forms of haber (the helping verbs)

10. ?with the past participle of estudiar

11. Now you try?

12.

13. Let?s try another? Now see if you can form the present perfect forms of the verb tomar:

14. Is this what you got?

15. Now let?s try an ?er verb See if you can come up with the present perfect forms for comer:

16. Is this what you came up with?

17. Let?s try another one?see if you can come up with the present perfect tense of ir:

18. Is this what you came up with?

19. Many of you may have assumed that ir had an irregular past participle. After all, it does have an irregular present participle. But ir is actually regular in this tense. Here are some verbs that are irregular in the past participle.

20. Not exactly irregular but? -er and ?ir verbs whose stems end in a vowel have past participles ending in ??do caer ? ca?do creer ? cre?do leer ? le?do o?r ? o?do re?r ? re?do traer ? tra?do

21. Irregulars The following verbs have irregular past participles ending in ?to: abrir ? abierto cubrir ? cubierto escribir ? escrito volver ? vuelto morir ? muerto poner ? puesto romper ? roto ver ? visto descubrir ? descubierto

22. More irregulars These verbs have irregular past participles ending in ?cho: decir ? dicho hacer ? hecho

23. ?Vamos a practicar! See if you can form the correct present perfect using the subject and verb given. Modelo: yo / decidir ? He decidido 1. ella / abrir Ha abierto 2. Marta y yo / tocar Hemos tocado 3. Gonzalo / crecer Ha crecido

24. 4. T? y tus amigos / re?r Hab?is re?do 5. Mis padres / hacer Han hecho 6. Tus abuelos / cubrir Han cubierto 7. Rogelio y Ram?n / escribir Han escrito

25. Object pronouns and no are always placed directly before the form of haber, e.g.: The present perfect form of hay is always ha habido ( there has/have been) , e.g.: Remember that acabar + de + infinitive (not the present perfect tense) is used to state that something has just occurred, e.g.:

26. The present perfect subjunctive (el perfecto subjuntivo) is formed with the present subjunctive of haber plus the past participle. It is used to express I have spoken (written, and so on) when the subjunctive is required. ?Qu? es el presente perfecto de subjuntivo?

27. Note in the model sentence at the right that the English equivalent of the present perfect subjunctive can be expressed as a simple or compound tense: did/have done; came/have come; built/have built.

28. The perfect subjunctive differs from the present subjunctive in that it conveys the meaning of an action which would, or might have taken place, i.e. a finished action Compare a) with b): a) Espero que lleguen a tiempo para coger el avi?n (I hope they arrive on time to catch the plane) b) Espero que hayan llegado a tiempo para coger el avi?n (I hope they arrived on time so that they could catch the place)

29. ?Vamos a practicar con el pret?rito perfecto!


Other Related Presentations

Copyright © 2014 SlideServe. All rights reserved | Powered By DigitalOfficePro