Diversifying the science engineering workforce academic employment issues
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Diversifying the Science & Engineering Workforce: Academic Employment Issues. Portrait of an Intractable Problem Cathy A. Trower, Ph.D. January 15, 2005 The National Bureau of Economic Research. 1970s. Affirmative Action Executive Order 11375 Title IX Women’s Groups in Professional

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Diversifying the science engineering workforce academic employment issues

Diversifying the Science & Engineering Workforce: Academic Employment Issues

Portrait of an Intractable Problem

Cathy A. Trower, Ph.D.

January 15, 2005

The National Bureau of Economic Research


1970s

1970s

  • Affirmative Action

  • Executive Order 11375

  • Title IX

  • Women’s Groups in

    Professional

    Organizations


1980s

1980s

  • Committees on the Status of Women and Minorities

  • Rosters of Scholars in Discipline

  • Career Advancement Workshops

  • Survival Guides

  • AAUP’s Committee W

  • Women’s Studies Programs

  • Coaching

    • Resume writing

    • Interviewing techniques

    • Getting published

    • Achieving tenure


1990s

1990s

  • Target of Opportunity Hires

  • Climate and Quality of Life Studies

  • Data Collection

  • Mentoring

  • NSF ADVANCE

  • MIT/JHU/MI

  • Diversity Offices and Officers

  • Policy Changes:

    • Stop the clock- Modified duties

    • Part-time tenure- On-site child care

    • Flexible tenure clock- Training

    • Salary equity


Science engineering gender 1981 2001

Science & Engineering, Gender, 1981-2001


S e faculty salaries sex 2001 4 year colleges universities

S&E Faculty Salaries, Sex, 2001, 4-year colleges & universities

Studies have shown that gender disparities in faculty salaries have remained unchanged at approximately 20 percent over the past 30 years, with unexplained disparities of about 12 percent remaining after accounting for time in service and discipline for women over 40.


Science engineering race 1981 2001

Science & Engineering, Race, 1981-2001


S e faculty salaries race 2001 4 year colleges universities

S&E Faculty Salaries, Race, 2001, 4-year colleges & universities

Overall, White faculty have the highest salaries; however, differences occur by tenure status. As with gender, salaries by race have remained relatively constant over the past 20 years.


Market forces

Market Forces

  • Athletes

  • Graduate Students

  • GAO / Title IX

  • Competition to be a Great Place to Work – Initiative on New Scholars


Data sources

Data Sources

Babco, E.L. and N.E. Bell (2004). Professional Women and Minorities: A Total Human Resource Data Compendium, 15th Edition. Washington, DC: Commission on Professionals in Science and Technology.

Climbing the Ladder: An Update on the Status of Doctoral Women Scientists and Engineers (1983). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

National Science Board (2004). Science and Engineering Indicators 2004. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation (Volume 1, NSB 04-1; Volume 2, NSB 04-1A).

National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics (2004). Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 2004. NSF 04-317 (Arlington, VA, 2004).

U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Winter 2001–02.


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