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Basic. Bible. Teaching. Lesson 4. Topic Outline. Recap Last Week’s Lesson Further Explanation (rising from Q/A session) Spiritual Body [5] Application to Us Quiz Question / Answer Session. Recap – Born of Woman. Their son Jesus was a human being.

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Lesson 4

Topic outline
Topic Outline

  • Recap Last Week’s Lesson

  • Further Explanation (rising from Q/A session)

  • Spiritual Body [5]

  • Application to Us

  • Quiz

  • Question / Answer Session

Recap – Born of Woman

Their son Jesus was a human being

and the “only begotten” son of God

and “the seed of the woman”

Mary was a virgin

Drawing by Richard Hook

She conceived by God’s Spirit

God was the father of Jesus

1. enmity

2. enmity

4. heel wound

[would rise from dead]

3. head wound

[dead body, after

Gethsemane agony]

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Recap - The seed of the woman = Jesus







  • Abel

  • Cain

  • Seth

  • Jesus

  • (born of woman,

  • Son of man,

  • Son of God)

  • Jews

  • (Pharisees,Saducees)

  • Sin, i.e.,

  • Devil (in himself)

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Recap - The Gethsemane Agony

40 And when he came to the place he said to them, "Pray that you may not enter into temptation."41 And he withdrew from them about a stone's throw, and knelt down and prayed, 42 "Father, if thou art willing, remove this cup from me; nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done."

44 And being in an agony, he prayed more earnestly; and his sweat became like great drops of blood falling down upon the ground ." (Luke 22)

40 And he came to the disciples and found them sleeping; and he said to Peter, "So, could you not watch with me one hour? 41Watch and pray that you may not enter into temptation; the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.“ (Matt 26)

Drawing by Richard Hook

Further Explanations to last week’s Q/A

  • With respect to the antichrist teaching that denied that “Jesus has come in the flesh” cf. 1John 4:1-4, 2 John 7

  • Further comment on “And the word became flesh…” cf. John 1:14



Born of Woman


Alive body




Dead body








Spiritual body





To Return



A Jesus-centered Viewpoint



Born of Woman


Alive body




Dead body








Spiritual body





To Return



Spiritual body

5 spiritual body

Spir -1

5. Spiritual body

  • raised a spiritual body (1Cor 15:44)

  • glorified & glorious (Acts 3:13, Phil 3:21)

  • power of an indestructible life (Heb 7:16)

  • immortal (1Cor 15:53)

  • incorruptible/imperishable (1Cor 15:53)

  • ate (Luke 24:42-43)

  • was touched (Matt 28:9)

  • was recognized (John 21:7)

  • a living Lord (John 14:19, Rev 1:18)


  • This bestowal happened to Jesus upon his resurrection

  • Believers anticipate having such a “glorious body” (Phil 3:21)

1Corinthians 15:44

Spir -2

  • It is sown a physical body, it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a physical body, there is also a spiritual body.


  • Stated explicitly that there is a “spiritual body”

  • It is put forward in contrast to the “physical body” = talking

  • about a different nature being bestowed upon a human being

  • That bestowal is described as: “we would be further clothed, so that what is mortal may be swallowed up with life” (2Cor 5:4)


This resurrected glorified body was the ultimate vindication and

witness for Jesus, by God (cf. John 5:36-37, 10:25-26)

Acts 3:13

Spir -3

The God of Abraham and of Isaac and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, glorified his servant Jesus, whom you delivered up…


  • Context: Peter is describing what happened when God raised

  • Jesus from the dead (v.15,26). This glorification included the

  • vindication of Jesus’ work and teaching (v.18,22), as well asthe bestowal of the divine nature upon His Son

  • Peter reaffirms these points in 3:9-10 (the healing is proof of

  • Jesus’ extended power) and 10:38-43 (prophets bore witness)


As Jesus received a spiritual body and superlative powers from

his Father, so will believers from Jesus (Rev 2:26-27, Heb 6:5)

Phil 3:21

Spir -4

who will change our lowly body to be like his glorious body, by the power which enables him even to subject all things to himself.


  • “glorious body” contrasts “lowly body” = clearly a superlative

  • nature is being indicated.

  • “by the power” indicates that Jesus was granted extended power along with his new body (cf. Luke 4:35-36, Acts 4:7-10)


Consequently he is able for all time to save those who draw near to God through him, since he always lives to make intercession for them (Heb 7:25)

Hebrews 7:16

Spir -5

who has become a priest, not according to a legal requirement concerning bodily descent but by the power of an indestructible life


  • “indestructible life” = cannot be destroyed, i.e.,will go on

  • and on, forever

  • Fulfills the prophecy of Ps 110:4 “Thou art a priest for ever”

  • (Heb 7:17); Jesus “holds his priesthood permanently, because

  • he continues for ever”(Heb 7:24)


Therefore, my beloved brethren, [being confident of this outcome] be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that in the Lord your labor is not in vain (1Cor 15:58)

1Corinthians 15:53

Spir -6

For this perishable[corruptible] nature must put on the imperishable [incorruption], and this mortal nature must put on immortality.


  • Context:“But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who have fallen asleep” (v.15) = Jesus

  • was the first man to be made imperishable and immortal

  • “put on” = was not there before; immortality is not given until after the resurrection; it is a gift given after the verdict of “Enter into the joy of your master” (Matt 25:21)


You [the 11 apostles] are those who have continued with me in my trials;

and I assign to you, as my Father assigned to me, a kingdom,  that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom (Luke 22:28-30)

= this capability will be enjoyed by believers in the Kingdom age

Luke 24:42-43

Spir -7

  • They gave him a piece of broiled fish, and he took it and ate before them


  • Context: vv. 36-41 the resurrected Jesus has appeared amongst the apostles, who “disbelieved for joy” (couldn’t believe it was really him) so Jesus said “Have you anything here to eat?”

  • Explicit statement that the ‘spiritual body’ can and did eat food


When Jesus told Mary “Do not hold me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father”, it was not a matter of being touched, but of being clung to, i.e., Mary did not want to let Jesus go. Jesus assured her that he was going to be around for a while [would be 40 days before he ascended – Acts 1:3]

Matthew 28:9

Spir -8

And behold, Jesus met them and said, "Hail!" And they came up and took hold of his feet and worshiped him.


  • Context: vv. 1-8 the women had come to the tomb to minister to the dead body, but found none, since the tomb had been opened and the Lord risen (per the angel’s words); as they left to tell the disciples, they were met by the resurrected Jesus…

  • Explicit statement that the ‘spiritual body’ can and was touched


God has called and chosen faithful men and women from all ages to be part of the Bride of His Son; it is as individuals (yet being together in the united body) that they will glorify their Lord (Heb 11, Rev 7:9-12);

This rewarding of servants occurs when Jesus returns (Rev 11:15-18)

John 21:7

Spir -9

That disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, "It is the Lord!"


  • Jesus, in his glorified body, was recognized as being himself

  • In the transfiguration experience, Peterwas able to still recognize

  • his Lord, but also Moses and Elijah (Matt 17:1-4) = in Kingdom

  • age, the glorified saints will still be recognized as individuals


  • As first-born from the dead, Jesus was empowered to be the

  • start of the new creation,the church (Col 1:15-18, 2Cor 5:17)

  • This church = individuals who have a spiritual birth, continued

  • development, & ultimate deliverance “from the bondage of decay” and the “redemption of the body” (1Pet 1:23-2:2, Rom 8:21-23)

John 14:9

Spir -10

Yet a little while, and the world will see me no more, but you will see me; because I live, you will live also.


  • A “living Lord” (vs. dead founder)is unique in world religions

  • “but you will see me” = privilege given to the 11 (Acts 10:41)

  • “live also” = in their lifetime, and eternal life in the Kingdom


And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write:’The words of the holy one, the true one, who has the key of David, who opens and no one shall shut, who shuts and no one opens’.(Rev 3:7 cf. Is 22:22 and the connection with promises to David)

Revelation 1:18

Spir -11

and the living one; I died, and behold I am alive for evermore, and I have the keys of Death and Hades.


  • Context: vv. 12-16 describe the resurrected Jesus (as represented by his angel v. 1, cf. 22:16) & depict a glorified high priest who lives forever (cf. Melchizedek priesthood, Heb 7:17-24); Jesus is ‘walking’ in the midst of 7 representative churches (Rev. 1:13,20)

  • “keys ofDeath & Hades” alludetothefact that Jesus has conquered Death, first for himself, and ultimately, for all his followers (Acts 2:24, 1Cor 15:26,54); the idea traces back to the seed-of-Abraham promises who willpossess the gate of his enemies (Gen 22:17)

Summary – Spiritual body

Spir -12





is the living Lord


Drawing by Richard Hook

recognized as Jesus


ate food, was touched

So What?

Spir -13


Moses said, 'The Lord God will raise up for you a prophet from your brethren as he raised me up. You shall listen to him in whatever he tells you (Acts 3:22) = Jesus

And it shall be that every soul that does not listen to that prophet shall be destroyed from the people(Acts 3:23)= us


To enjoy God’s glorious promises in the Kingdom of God believers will be given a spiritual body:

His divine power has granted to us all things that pertain to life and godlinessthrough the knowledge of him who called us to his own glory and excellence, by which he has granted to us his precious and very great promises, that through these you may escape from the corruption that is in the world because of passion, and become partakers of the divine nature(2Pet 1:3-4)


There is a ________ body (current human make-up) and a ________body (future make-up of the faithful).

Because Jesus was the ___-_____ from the dead, his new body would be like that of those who would be raised to eternal life at his coming and judgment. Their mortal nature would put on _________ and their corruptible nature would put on __________.

The resurrected Jesus was recognized as himself (although with a glorious body) and invited others to ______ him and to _____ with him.

God glorified and __________ His servant Jesus when He raised him from the dead. This was irrefutable testimony or ________ provided by God that Jesus was who he claimed, namely, the Son of God.

Homework reading
Homework Reading

6a. Appeared – to whom

  • Mary Magdalene (John 20:14-16)

  • The women (Matt 28:8-10)

  • Peter (1Cor 15:5)

  • Cleopas (Luke 24:15-18)

  • 10 disciples (John 20:19-20)

  • Thomas (John 20:26-27)

  • 500 brethren (1Cor 15:6)

  • James (1Cor 15:7)

  • Stephen (Acts 7:55-56)

  • Paul (Acts 9:3-5)

Homework reading cont d
Homework Reading (cont’d)

6b. Appeared – what done/told

  • go tell brethren about ascension (John 20:17)

  • super with Cleopas (Luke 24:28-32)

  • breakfast on the beach (John 21:9-14)

  • 40 days of proofs + preaching the Kingdom of God (Acts 1:3)

  • make disciples of all nations, baptizing them (Matt 28:18-20)

  • go into all the world and preach the gospel (Mark 16:15-16)

  • be witnesses in Jerusalem … (Acts 1:6-8)

  • be a witness to the Gentiles (Acts 26:16-18)







…to be continued

Supplemental Reference Material #1

Breakfast on the beach – enjoyment of spiritual body

Drawing by Richard Hook

36 But the testimony which I have is greater than that of John; for the works which the Father has granted me to accomplish, these very works which I am doing, bear mewitness that the Father has sent me. 37 And the Father who sent me has himself borne witness to me…

39 You search the scriptures, because you think that in them you have eternal life; and it is they that bear witness to me; (John 5)

  • 24 So the Jews gathered round him and said to him, "How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Christ, tell us plainly." 25 Jesus answered them, "I told you, and you do not believe. The works that I do in my Father's name, they bear witness to me; 26 but you do not believe, because you do not belong to my sheep. (John 10)

Supplemental Reference Material #2

Witnesses for Jesus’ credibility

35 But Jesus rebuked him, saying, "Be silent, and come out of him!" And when the demon had thrown him down in the midst, he came out of him, having done him no harm. 36 And they were all amazed and said to one another, "What is this word? For with authority and powerhe commands the unclean spirits, and they come out." (Luke 4)

  • 7 And when they [Pharisees] had set them [the apostles] in the midst, they inquired, "By what power or by what name did you do this?“ …[Peter answers] 10 be it known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that bythe name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead, by him this man is standing before you well. (Acts 4)

Supplemental Reference Material #3

Extension of Jesus’ power

9 After this I looked, and behold, a great multitude which no man could number, [individuals] from every nation, from all tribes and peoples and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes [badges of life & redemption in Christ] with palm branches in their hands, 10 and crying out with a loud voice, "Salvation belongs to our God who sits upon the throne, and to the Lamb!" (Revelation 7)

  • 7…"The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, and he shall reign for ever and ever." … "We give thanks to thee, Lord God Almighty, who art and who wast, that thou hast taken thy great power and begun to reign. 18 The nations raged, but thy wrath came, and the time for the dead to be judged, for rewarding thy servants, the prophets and saints,… (Revelation 11)

Supplemental Reference Material #4

The faithful rewarded when Jesus returns as King

15 He is the image of the invisible God, the first-born of all creation;16 for in him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or authorities--all things were created through him and for him. 17 He is before all things, and in him all things hold together. 18He is the head of the body, the church; he is the beginning, the first-born from the dead, that in everything he might be pre-eminent. 19 For in him all the fulness of God was pleased to dwell, 20 and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven,making peaceby theblood of hiscross(Colossians1)

17 Therefore, if any one is in Christ, he is a new creation; the old has passed away, behold, the new has come (2 Corinthians)

Supplemental Reference Material #5

New Creation in Christ

Immortality – cannot die

(Gk. Athanasia)

Incorruptible – cannot sin

(Gk. Aphthartos)

Eternal Life

Supplemental Reference Material #6

Eternal Life – what & when

A believer has assurance of ‘eternal life’ per God’s promise (e.g. 1Jn 5:13), but will not

actually obtain the spiritual body until after the resurrection/judgment (cf. 1Cor 15:51-53)

have been saved(past) – Eph 2:5,8


  • baptism … saves {1Pet 3:21}

  • born again, sins washed away {John 3:3, Acts 22:16}

  • old self crucified, put on Christ {Rom 6:6, Gal 3:27}

…are being saved(present) – 1Cor 1:18, 2Cor 2:15


  • grow up to salvation {1Pet 2:2}

  • grow up every way .. into Christ {Eph 4:15}

  • and deliver (save) us from evil {Matt 6:13}

…will be saved(future) – 1Cor 3:15, Mark 16:16


  • those who endure to the end {Matt 10:22, 24:13}

  • through the grace of the Lord {Acts 15:11}

  • Israel, when the Deliverer comes from Zion {Rom 11:26}

Supplemental Reference Material #7

The Process of ‘being saved’


For salvation is nearer to us now than when we first believed(Rom 13:11) = both in terms of time & spiritual development

Salvation – Strong’s Concordance

1 of 2

Original Word

Word Origin


feminine of a derivative of (4990) as (properly, abstract) noun

Transliterated Word

Phonetic Spelling



Parts of Speech

Noun Feminine


  • deliverance, preservation, safety, salvation

    • deliverance from the molestation of enemies

    • in an ethical sense, that which concludes to the souls safety or salvation

  • salvation as the present possession of all true Christians

  • future salvation, the sum of benefits and blessings which the Christians, redeemed from all earthly ills, will enjoy after the visible return of Christ from heaven in the consummated and eternal kingdom of God

King James Word Usage - Total: 45

salvation 40, the (one) be saved 1, deliver + (1325)&version=kjv 1, health 1, saving 1, that (one) be saved + (1519)

Supplemental Reference Material #8

Saved – Strong’s Concordance

2 of 2

Original Word

Word Origin


from a primary sos (contraction for obsolete saoz, "safe")

Transliterated Word

Phonetic Spelling



Parts of Speech



  • to save, keep safe and sound, to rescue from danger or destruction

    • one (from injury or peril)

      • to save a suffering one (from perishing), i.e. one suffering from disease, to make well, heal, restore to health

      • to preserve one who is in danger of destruction, to save or rescue

    • to save in the technical biblical sense

    • to deliver from the penalties of the Messianic judgment

    • to save from the evils which obstruct the reception of the Messianic deliverance

King James Word Usage - Total: 110

save 93, make whole 9, heal 3, be whole 2, miscellaneous 3

Supplemental Reference Material #9


26 therefore my heart was glad, and my tongue rejoiced; moreover my flesh will dwell in hope 27 For thou wilt not abandon my soul to Hades, nor let thy Holy One see corruption. (Peter in Acts 2 quoting Ps 16)

9 Therefore my heart is glad, and my soul rejoices; my body also dwells secure. 10 For thou dost not give me up to Sheol, or let thy godly one see the Pit.. (Psalm 16)

Thus, Greek“Hades” = Hebrew“Sheol” ;bothrefer tothe grave


22 But I say to you that every one who is angry with his brother shall be liable to judgment… and whoever says, 'You fool!' shall be liable to the hell of fire. (Jesus in Matt 5) [Greek = Gehenna, refers to the garbage dump and its ongoing burnings of things & dead objects cf. Is 66:24,5:25]

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Supplemental Reference Material #10a

Hell: Hades, Sheol and Gehenna

The King James Version uses the word “hell” to describe a place or state which is popularly understood to be a place of fire and torment for wicked people. An examination of the actual Hebrew and Greek words involved reveals a very different picture. A couple of examples illustrate:

Hades – Strong’s Concordance

2 of 4

Original Word

Word Origin


from (1) (as negative particle) and (1492)

Transliterated Word

Phonetic Spelling



Parts of Speech

Noun Location


  • name Hades or Pluto, the god of the lower regions

  • Orcus, the nether world, the realm of the dead

  • later use of this word: the grave, death, hell

King James Word Usage - Total: 11

hell 10, grave 1

Supplemental Reference Material #10b

Sheol – Strong’s Concordance

3 of 4

Original Word

Word Origin


from (07592)

Transliterated Word

Phonetic Spelling



Parts of Speech

Noun Feminine


  • sheol, underworld, grave, hell, pit

    • the underworld

    • Sheol - the OT designation for the abode of the dead

      • place of no return

      • without praise of God

      • wicked sent there for punishment

      • righteous not abandoned to it

      • of the place of exile (fig)

      • of extreme degradation in sin

King James Word Usage - Total: 65

grave 31, hell 31, pit 3

Supplemental Reference Material #10c

Gehenna – Strong’s Concordance

4 of 4

Original Word

Word Origin


of Hebrew origin (01516) and (02011)

Transliterated Word

Phonetic Spelling



Parts of Speech

Noun Feminine


  • Hell is the place of the future punishment call "Gehenna" or "Gehenna of fire". This was originally the valley of Hinnom, south of Jerusalem, where the filth and dead animals of the city were cast out and burned; a fit symbol of the wicked and their future destruction

King James Word Usage - Total: 12

hell 9, hell fire + (3588) +&version=kjv 4442 3

Supplemental Reference Material #10d

Supplemental Reference Material #11

Denial that “Jesus has come in the flesh”

1 Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are of God; for many false prophets have gone out into the world. 2 By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit [i.e., teacher, prophet] which confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is of God,3 and every spirit which does not confess Jesus[elipis: has come in the flesh] is not of God. This is the spirit ofantichrist, of which you heard that it was coming, and now it is in the world already.(1John 4)

7 For many deceivers have gone out into the world, men who will not acknowledgethe coming of Jesus Christ in the flesh; such a one is the deceiver and the antichrist. 8 Look to yourselves, that you may not lose what you have worked for, but may win a full reward. 9 Any one who goes ahead and does not abide in the doctrine of Christ does not have God; he who abides in the doctrine has both the Father and the Son. (2Jn)

Thus, there were many men, antichrists, who had left the church and were promoting this false teaching (cf. 1Jn 2:18-22). They and their teaching were to be repudiated (cf. 2Jn 10-11)

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Supplemental Reference Material #12a

“And the word became flesh” (Jn 1:14)

14And the word became flesh and dwelt among us, full of grace and truth; we have beheld his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father. (John 1)


  • Context: v. 13 ”who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God= the lead in to the statement of Jesus’ birth, both the event itself + its purpose

  • “the word” = (Gk – logos = what someone had said, reason); “became” = (Gk – ginomai = to come into existence, begin to be

  • “flesh” = (Gk – sarx = the soft substance of the living body

  • “dwelt” = (Gk – skenoo = to fix/have one’s tabernacle; abide

  • Whereas God has spoken his word & purpose in the past by various means, He was now making that word into a human being in the person of Jesus (cf. Heb 1:1-2)



  • the word made flesh & to

  • dwell with men

2 of 2

Supplemental Reference Material #12b

“And the word became flesh” (Jn 1:14)


(divine being)



  • born of woman

  • God’s only begotten son


(human being)


(human being)




  • Jesus comes into existence when he is born – though he has been in God’s plan since the beginning (cf. 2 Tim 1:9-10, Eph 1:10)

  • God’s word will accomplish that what it has been purposed for (cf. Is 55:11, 45:23) and Jesus will absolutely do the same (John 10:30)

  • Jesus is not “the word”, but “the word made flesh”

  • Jesus is the example for us to follow: human beings who make our will, character & doings like those of our Father, using His Word.