David Hume. British empiricist. HUME- anities. Interpretive Questions Resolved. Life and Works. Hume\'s Account of Definition. Some Interpretive Questions. Causation and Inductive Inference: The Negative Phase. Politics, Criticism, History, and Religion. Association. Empiricism.
Interpretive Questions Resolved
Life and Works
Hume\'s Account of Definition
Some Interpretive Questions
Causation and Inductive Inference: The Negative Phase
Politics, Criticism, History, and Religion
Causation and Inductive Inference: The Positive Phase
The Treatise and the Enquiries
Necessary Connection and the Definition of Cause
The Universe of the Imagination
A Third Species of Philosophy
The most important philosopher ever to write in English, David Hume (1711-1776) — the last of the great triumvirate of “British empiricists” — was also well-known in his own time as an historian and essayist.
Life and Works
Philosophical Essays concerning Human Understanding -recasting of the central ideas of Book I of the Treatise, the Philosophical Essays were read and reprinted, eventually becoming part of Hume\'s Essays and Treatises under the title by which they are known today, An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding
Orde of the Scottish Exchequer.
“must cultivate true metaphysics with some care, in order to destroy the false and adulterate”
Should we take his “Advertisement” literally and let the Enquiries represent his considered view? Or should we take him seriously and conclude — whatever he may have said or thought — that the Treatise is the best statement of his position?
Complex ideas-composed of simple ideas, which are fainter copies of the simple impressions from which they are ultimately derived, to which they correspond and exactly resemble
“the chief obstacle…to our improvement in the moral or metaphysical sciences is the obscurity of the ideas, and ambiguity of the terms”
Causation - establishes a link or connection between past and present experiences with events that we predict or explain, so that “all reasonings concerning matter of fact seem to be founded on the relation of cause and effect.”
All this, and every thing else which I believe, are nothing but ideas, tho\', by their force and settled order, arising from custom and the relation of cause and effect, they distinguish themselves from the other ideas, which are merely the offspring of the imagination.
Hume\'s empiricism is defined by his treatment of the science of human nature as an empirical inquiry, rooted in experience and observation, and his naturalism is also closely related to his conception of his project as an empirical inquiry, to his limitation of investigation to “original principles,” and his repudiation of any attempt to discover “ultimate original qualities” in the study of human nature.
Causes and effects are discovered, not by reason but through experience, when we find that particular objects are constantly conjoined with one another.
thus “more an act of the sensitive, than of the cogitative part of our natures”
“sceptical solution” -gives a descriptive alternative, appropriately “independent of all the laboured deductions of the understanding,” to philosophers\' attempts to account for our causal “reasonings” by appeal to reason and argument.
“there are no ideas, which occur in metaphysics, more obscure and uncertain, than those of power, force, energy or necessary connection”
-either altogether illusory (Mandeville) or can be reduced to considerations of self-interest (Hobbes)
-can provide no motive to action, for reason alone is insufficient to produce moral blame or approbation
Sympathy –social affinity in which one person stands with another person, closely understanding his or her feelings.
-manifestation of our “natural” or “social sympathy.”
Love of Fame -gives rise to the habit of reflectively evaluating our own actions and character traits.
Dialogues -demonstrates his mastery of the dialogue form, while producing what many regard as the preeminent work in the philosophy of religion.
ARADA, Ella Marie A.
CABANDING, Cheska Anne D.
FORMENTOS, Joana Lyka M.