What Every Broker Should Know About
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What Every Broker Should Know About Open Space Valuations. Top Tips for Open Space Valuations. How to qualify for ag, wildlife, timber and Ecolab No minimum size requirement New owners must re-apply Buyers need to know ag-history Owners should protest market value

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What Every Broker Should Know About Open Space Valuations

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What every broker should know about open space valuations

What Every Broker Should Know About

Open Space Valuations

Top tips for open space valuations

Top Tips for Open Space Valuations

  • How to qualify for ag, wildlife, timber and Ecolab

  • No minimum size requirement

  • New owners must re-apply

  • Buyers need to know ag-history

  • Owners should protest market value

  • Developers should use phase in approach

  • Rollback taxes only apply if change in use

What is 1 d 1 open space valuation

What is 1-d-1 Open- space Valuation?

  • Found in the Texas Constitution Article 8, Section 1-d-1

  • Four ways to qualify:

    • Agricultural use

    • Wildlife Management Use

    • Ecological Laboratory (Ecolab)

    • Timber Production

  • “Special Valuation” not an “Exemption”

    • Property appraised at its “Productive Value” rather than its “Market Value”

Agricultural use

Agricultural Use

  • Property Tax Code Sec 23.51

  • Land is “devoted principally” to agriculture

  • Agricultural use must be to the “degree of intensity generally accepted in the area”

  • Must be used for agriculture for 5 of 7 previous years

  • Application to Central Appraisal District before May 1.

Examples of agricultural use

Examples of Agricultural Use

  • Producing crops for human food, animal feed, including crop rotation

  • Planting seed for the production of fiber

  • Floriculture, viticulture, horticulture

  • Raising or keeping livestock

  • Raising or keeping exotic animals for food / fiber production

  • Timber production

  • Beekeeping

What does not qualify

What does not qualify?

  • Harvesting native plants

  • Harvesting native animals

  • Processing plants or animals

  • Exotic game hunting

  • Recreational fishing

  • Boarding / training horses

  • Land located within a city

Ag categories

Ag Categories

  • Irrigated cropland

  • Dry cropland

  • Improved pasture

  • Native pasture

  • Orchard

  • Waste

The new landowner s concerns

The New Landowner’s Concerns

  • Today’s buyer of rural land is a new kind of buyer.

    • They want recreational land, not Ag land.

    • They have no experience with Ag operations.

    • They’d rather not share their land– i.e. they don’t want to deal with lessees.

    • They are worried about affording large parcels of land without an “Ag exemption.

Wildlife management value as a solution

Wildlife Management Value as a Solution

  • Wildlife Management Valuation meets these concerns:

    • Most urbanites would rather own a “wildlife preserve” than a farm or ranch.

    • Wildlife Management requirements often fit within the goals of the recreational landowner and conservation organizations.

    • Many of the recommended practices can be done by the landowner, without special equipment or much training and/or with the assistance of a Land Trust.

    • Landowners can afford larger tracks of land if the tax exposure is maintained at an affordable level.

Section 23 51 7 a tax code

Section 23.51(7)(A), Tax Code

  • Wildlife management (WM) is an alternative to a traditional “agriculture” appraisal.

  • Land must be used to propagate a breeding, migrating, wintering population of indigenous wild animals for human use.

  • At least 3 eligible management practices performed to required level of intensity.

The big seven


  • Habitat control

  • Erosion control

  • Predator control

  • Providing supplemental supplies of water

  • Providing supplemental supplies of food

  • Providing shelters

  • Making census counts to determine population

Wildlife management requirements

Wildlife Management Requirements

  • Existing 1-d-1 open space appraisal

  • Primary use is wildlife management

    • WM plan being followed

    • WM takes priority over other uses

    • Secondary uses do not interfere

  • Degree of intensity

  • Minimum acreage

Texas property tax code amendments 23 51 7 b c and 8

Texas Property Tax Code Amendments§23.51(7)(B),(C) and (8)

  • (7)(B) land used to protect endangered species under a federal permit if :

    • (i) in a habitat preserve and subject to a conservation easement; or

    • (ii) part of a conservation development under an HCP; or

  • (C) land used for a conservation or restoration project to compensate for natural resource damages.

  • (8) “Endangered species,” “federal permit,” and “habitat preserve” have the meanings assigned by Section 83.011, Parks and Wildlife Code

What exactly is an ecolab

What exactly is an EcoLab?

  • The Texas Tax Code Section 23.51

  • Similar to an agricultural or wildlife management valuation

  • Landowners partner with universities to host confidential research

  • Alternative for landowners interested in wildlife management

  • Research must be in furtherance of farming, ranching or wildlife management.


Saving money while supporting research

Saving Money While Supporting Research

  • Perfect for properties that are paying market value taxes

  • Usually takes 6 years of grazing or farming to reduce taxes

  • Reduce property taxes within one year to $2.00/acre

  • Landowner provides grant money to fund research

  • Grants are tax deductible



  • No requirement to do five years of grazing or farming

  • Move into wildlife management after two years

  • Advances important scientific research

  • Enhances relationships with universities and professors



  • Properties larger than 50 acres work best

  • Land must be contiguous if more than one owner

  • Property must be principally used for research by a college and/or university

  • Landowner commits to funding and accommodating research projects for 2 year period

  • Property needs at least three researchers

How is the land used

How is the Land Used?

  • Landowners choose which research to host and fund

  • Researchers will conduct research on property

  • Study of grasses, insects, birds, soil sampling, small mammals, fish

  • Landowners can use property recreationally

No size limit for 1 d 1 valuations

No Size Limit for 1-d-1 Valuations

  • BUT… still have to meet legal tests of principal use and intensity.

  • No minimum size requirement for wildlife UNLESS…. property has been subdivided in previous year, then appraisal district’s minimum acreage applies.

  • Form Wildlife Management Property Association

  • Beekeeping is limited to 5-20 acres

Tips for buyers

Tips for Buyers

  • New owners must re-apply by May 1st.

  • Buyers need to know ag-history of property

  • Owners should protest market value every year

  • Review Notice of Appraised Value

Tips for developers

Tips for Developers

  • Know the minimum acreage requirements

  • Developer should use phase in approach

  • Rollback taxes only apply if change in use

    • The difference between “Market Value” taxes and “productive Value” taxes for the previous 5 years, plus 7% interest accrued.

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