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WASTE : Linking the local and global crises. Verona , May 25 2007 Dr Paul Connett Professor Emeritus of Chemistry St Lawrence University, Canton, NY Paul @ American Health Studies. org. My thanks to Rossano Ercolini (Ambiente Futuro) for organizing my 29th visit to Italy.

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Waste linking the local and global crises

WASTE :Linking the local and global crises

Verona, May 25 2007

Dr Paul Connett

Professor Emeritus of Chemistry

St Lawrence University, Canton, NY

[email protected]


My thanks to rossano ercolini ambiente futuro for organizing my 29th visit to italy

My thanks to Rossano Ercolini (Ambiente Futuro) for organizing my 29th visit to Italy

Rossano Ercolini

[email protected]

338-28-66-215


Il contesto generale

Il contesto generale


Waste linking the local and global crises

All’età di 16 anni i ragazzi di oggi hanno già guardato

oltre

350.000 spot pubblicitari.

Paul Hawken

The Ecology of Commerce


Waste linking the local and global crises

Viviamo su questo pianeta come se ne avessimo un altro su cui trasferirci…

Non possiamo continuare a vivere in una società “usa e getta” su un pianeta finito

This is colonialism in time!

We are robbing our own children and grandchildren

Con le discariche non facciamo altro che SOTTERRARE le prove

Gli inceneritori non fanno che BRUCIARE le prove

Dobbiamo affrontare il vero problema …


Il problema non come eliminare i rifiuti ma piuttosto come non produrli

Il problema non è: “come eliminare i rifiuti”, ma piuttostocome NON produrli


Our task is to fight the throwaway ethic over consumption

Our task is to fight the throwaway ethic & over-consumption


Not only is over consumption giving us a waste crisis but also

Not only is over-consumption giving us a waste crisis but also…


Over consumption is giving us a global crisis

Over-consumption is giving us a Global crisis


Waste linking the local and global crises

A LINEAR SOCIETY

We are imposing a linear society

on a planet

that functions in circles


Waste linking the local and global crises

A LINEAR SOCIETY

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials


Waste linking the local and global crises

A LINEAR SOCIETY

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items


Waste linking the local and global crises

A LINEAR SOCIETY

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items

Consumption


Waste linking the local and global crises

A LINEAR SOCIETY

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items

Consumption

Discarded

Materials


Waste linking the local and global crises

ENERGY

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items

Consumption

Discarded

Materials

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide


Waste linking the local and global crises

ENERGY

ENERGY

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items

Consumption

Discarded

Materials

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide


Waste linking the local and global crises

INCINERATION & LANDFILLS

ENERGY

ENERGY

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items

Consumption

Discarded

Materials

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide


Waste linking the local and global crises

RECYCLING OF MATERIALS

ENERGY

ENERGY

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items

Consumption

Discarded

Materials

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide


Waste linking the local and global crises

REUSE OF OBJECTS

ENERGY

ENERGY

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items

Consumption

Discarded

Materials

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide


Waste linking the local and global crises

COMPOSTING

ENERGY

ENERGY

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items

Consumption

Discarded

Materials

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide


Global warming

Global warming

Composting

Landfill

Incineration


Global warming1

Global warming

Composting

Landfill

Incineration

Methane

SLOW


Global warming2

Global warming

Composting

Landfill

Incineration

Carbon dioxide

FAST

Methane

SLOW


Global warming3

Global warming

Composting

Landfill

Incineration

Carbon dioxide &

Some Methane

SLOW

Carbon dioxide

FAST

Methane

SLOW


Global warming4

Global warming

Composting

Landfill

Incineration

Carbon dioxide &

Some Methane

SLOW

Carbon dioxide

FAST

Methane

SLOW

Sequestered

Carbon


Waste linking the local and global crises

Gli studi della EU sul confronto dei sistemi di trattamenti dei RU residui

AEA executive report waste climate change (Nov. 2002)

  • Recycling

  • Composting

  • Mechanical biological treatment (MBT)

  • Anaerobic Digestion (AD)

  • Incineration

  • Landfill of untreated waste

Extract from summary report


Kg gas serra tonnellata rifiuti urbani

Kg gas serra/tonnellata Rifiuti Urbani

Waste Management Options and Climate Change. AEA 2002


Arguments against incineration

Arguments against incineration

  • Emissioni tossiche nell’atmosfera

  • Produzione di ceneri tossiche

  • Pubblica opposizione. Incineration is anti-democratic

  • Costi finanziari. Incineration is a poor investment

  • Produzione di energia (spreco di energia)

  • Ci sono migliori alternative – Zero Waste 2020


1 gli inceneritori producono ceneri tossiche

1.Gli inceneritori producono ceneri tossiche


Waste linking the local and global crises

MODERN TRASH INCINERATOR

ELECTRICITY

TURBINE

WET SCRUBBER

SECONDARY

CHAMBER

DE-NOX

STEAM

FABRIC

FILTER

TEMP

< 200oC

CHUTE

BOILER

SEMI-

DRY

SCRUBBER

Ca(OH) 2

SUSPENSION

ACTIVATED

CHARCOAL

GRATES

AMMONIA

INJECTION

TRASH

FLY ASH

BOTTOM ASH


Politicians often approve incineration before they have any idea where the toxic ash is going to go

Politicians often approve incineration before they have any idea where the toxic ash is going to go!


Ash disposal in other countries

Ash disposal in other countries

  • Germany puts fly ash into nylon bags and buries them in salt mines (like nuclear waste)

  • Some Japanese incinerators vitrify the ash

  • Denmark has a wonderful solution … it

  • sends its ash to Norway!

  • The Netherlands puts the fly ash into asphalt and the bottom ash into road building!


2 gli inceneritori emettono gas tossici

2. Gli inceneritori emettono gas tossici


Waste linking the local and global crises

AIR EMISSIONS

CO2 + H2O

ACID GASES:

HCI, HF, SO2

NOx

TOXIC METALS:

Pb, Cd, Hg, As, Cr etc

NEW COMPOUNDS:

PCB’s

PCDDs (DIOXINS)

PCDFs (FURANS)

ETC

NANO

PARTICLES


Waste linking the local and global crises

Catalytic oxidizers

Brominated/chlorinated dioxins and furans

Polycyclic aromatic

hydrocarbons

Chlorinated

hydrocarbons


The dangers of nanoparticles

The dangers of nanoparticles

  • Nanoparticles are not efficiently captured by air pollution control devices,

  • travel long distances,

  • penetrate deep into the lungs


Nano pathology

Nano Pathology

  • Nano particles are so small they can easily cross cell membranes

  • Including the blood brain barrier and the nuclear membrane

  • Ferry toxic metals into the brain

  • Stabilized free radicals cause oxidative stress - inflammation - many degenerative diseases


Aggregati di piombo bario cromo ferro e silicio in cervello

Aggregati di Piombo, Bario, Cromo, Ferro e Silicio in Cervello.

http://www.nanodiagnostics.it/Fotografia.aspx?ID=11


Dioxins major concerns

Dioxins - major concerns

  • Dioxins accumulate in animal fat

  • One liter of cows’ milk gives the same dose of dioxin as breathing air next to the cows for EIGHT MONTHS (Connett and Webster, 1987).

  • Dioxins steadily accumulate in human body fat. The man cannot get rid of them BUT A woman can…

  • …by having a baby!

  • The highest dose of dioxin goes to the fetus and then to the new born infant via breastfeeding, and

  • dioxins interfere with hormones which control sexual and mental development


Waste linking the local and global crises

WE WANT DIOXIN

OUT OF OUR BABIES!


Institute of medicine 2003

Institute of Medicine, 2003

  • Fetuses and breastfeeding infants may be at particular risk from exposure to dioxins due to their potential to cause adverse neurodevelopmental… and immune system effects…


Institute of medicine 20031

Institute of Medicine, 2003

  • …The committee recommends:

  • 1) the government place a high public health priority on reducing dioxin intakes by girls and young women in the years well before pregnancy is likely to occur

  • 2) (By) substituting low-fat or skim milk, for whole milk…and other foods lower in animal fat


Thermal treatment is dangerous

Thermal treatment is dangerous

  • In citiesbecause the fine particles can get deep down into our lungs

  • In rural areas because the dioxins can get into our food


Waste linking the local and global crises

While modern incinerators have reduced dioxin emissionsthere is no real accountabilityin most countries


Waste linking the local and global crises

YOU NEED THREE THINGS TO PROTECT THE PUBLIC FROM TOXIC EMISSIONS.

STRONG

REGULATIONS

ADEQUATE

MONITORING

TOUGH

ENFORCEMENT

IF ANY LINK IS WEAK THE PUBLIC IS NOT PROTECTED


3 incineration is extremely unpopular

3. Incineration is extremely unpopular

  • In the US over 300 incinerator proposals defeated since 1985

  • US has not permitted a new trash incinerator since 1995.


4 incineration is a poor investment

4. Incineration is a poor investment

  • Most of the money spent on incinerators goes into complicated machinery and leaves the community, whereas

  • The money spent on the alternatives goes into jobs and stays in the community.


5 incineration is a waste of energy

5. Incineration is a waste of energy!

  • 3-4 times more energy saved by reusing objects and recycling materials in waste stream.

  • In Italy a law passed in 1996 allows incinerators to sell electricity at three times the price from other sources. The public pays!

  • This explains the current rush to build new incinerators in Italy even though they are so unpopular.

  • The Alberta government has just provided a $20 million subsidy for a new incinerator in Edmonton


Energy comparison recycling versus incineration icf consulting 2005

Energy Comparison: Recycling versus incineration(ICF consulting, 2005)


6 incineration is not sustainable

6. Incineration is not sustainable


Waste linking the local and global crises

“Anche rendendo sicuro l’incenerimento,

Esso non sarà mai una cosa sensata.

Semplicemente non ha senso

spendere così tanti soldi

Per distruggere risorse che dovremmo

Risparmiare per il futuro.”

(PC)


7 there are better and sustainable alternatives to incineration

7. THERE ARE BETTER and SUSTAINABLE ALTERNATIVES TO INCINERATION


The zero 2020 strategy

The ZERO 2020 strategy


Waste linking the local and global crises

RIFIUTI ZERO 2020

SÌ A UNA

SOCIETA’ SOSTENIBILE

NO ALLASOCIETA’

USA E GETTA

SPOSTARSI A MONTE

Progettare i rifiuti all’esterno del ciclo produttivo

NO ALL’INCENERIMENTO

NO ALLE DISCARICHE


I rifiuti non sono un problema tecnologico sono un problema di progettazione industriale

I rifiuti non sono un problema tecnologicosono un problema di progettazione industriale


Per ottenere zero rifiuti

Per ottenere Zero Rifiuti

Occorrono tre cose

RESPONSABILITA’ INDUSTRIALE (a monte)

RESPONSABILITA’ della COMUNITA’ (a valle)

3) Una BUONA LEADERSHIP POLITICA (per saldare insieme entrambe)


Responsabilita industriale

RESPONSABILITA’ INDUSTRIALE

  • 1. PROGETTO INDUSTRIALE DI SOSTENIBILITA’

  • 2.PRODUZIONE PULITA - riduzione di elementi tossici nei prodotti e nella produzione

  • 3.RESPONSAILITA’ DELLA CATENA DI PRODUZIONE (EPR = EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY)


Extended producer responsibilty

Extended Producer Responsibilty

  • In futuro le imprese produttrici dovrebbero considerare di dover ritirare I propri prodotti e confezioni, dopo l’uso

  • leggi si stanno gia’ muovendo in questa direzione.


Extended producer responsibilty1

Extended Producer Responsibilty

XEROX CORPORATION EUROPErecupero di vecchie macchine fotocopiatrici da oltre 16 paesi

  • Raccolte in enormi depositi in Olanda, dove vengono smontate

  • Oltre il 95% dei materiali viene riutilizzato o riciclato!

  • Con un risparmio di $76 milioni nel 2000!!


Ontario canada

ONTARIO, CANADA

  • The Beer industry has used refillable glass bottles for over 50 years

  • 98% recovered

  • on average each bottle reused 18 times

  • Refillable glass bottles 11 cents cheaper per serving than disposable bottles.

  • 2000 jobs in collection and cleaning

  • No cost to municipality

  • Packaging costs internalized


Community responsibility classification of discarded materials

COMMUNITY RESPONSIBILITY Classification of Discarded materials

  • 1. Avoidables (e.g. throwaway plastic objects)

  • 2. Reusables (e.g furniture, appliances)

  • 3.Toxics (e.g paint, oil, batteries)

  • 4.Compostables (e.g. food scraps)

  • 5. Recyclables (e.g. paper, glass, metals)

  • 6. Residuals

  • Residuals = “bad industrial design”


Responsabilita della comunita

RESPONSABILITA’ della COMUNITA’

  • Community responsibility begins with Source Separation (porta a porta)

  • One container for compostables(i.e. the organic fraction)

  • One (or more) containers for the recyclables

  • One container for the residuals


Waste linking the local and global crises

1


Waste linking the local and global crises

1

2


Waste linking the local and global crises

1

2

3


Waste linking the local and global crises

1

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio


Waste linking the local and global crises

Aerazione forzata

Aerazione Forzata


Compostaggio rurale

Compostaggio rurale


Waste linking the local and global crises

1

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio


Waste linking the local and global crises

1

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio

?


Waste linking the local and global crises

1

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio

?

Reuse &

Repair Centers


Waste linking the local and global crises

1

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio

?

Reuse &

Repair Centers

De-costruire


Waste linking the local and global crises

1

AVOIDABLES

Waste

Reduction

initiatives

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio

?

Reuse &

Repair Centers

De-costruire


Italy

Italy

  • A supermarket chain near Florence is providing dispensers which allow customers to refill shampoo and detergent bottles…


Alcune iniziative italiane per la riduzione

Alcune iniziative italiane per la riduzione


Waste linking the local and global crises

1

AVOIDABLES

Waste

Reduction

initiatives

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio

?

Reuse &

Repair Centers

De-costruire


Come gestiamo la frazione residua un momento cruciale della filosofia rifiuti zero

Come gestiamo la frazione residua: un momento cruciale della filosofia Rifiuti Zero

  • Incineration attempts to make the residuals disappear

  • Zero Waste 2020 needs to make the residuals VERY VISIBLE, because…

  • Frazione Residua = cattiva progettazione industriale

  • We need better (sustainable) industrial design for the 21st Century


Nova scotia canada

Nova Scotia, Canada

  • They have built IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA

  • These buildings are built in front of the landfill - NO residuals can go to landfill without being screened.


Waste linking the local and global crises

IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA


Waste linking the local and global crises

IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA

PIU’

RICICLABILI


Waste linking the local and global crises

IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA

PIU’

RICICLABILI

TOSSICI


Waste linking the local and global crises

IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA

PIU’

RICICLABILI

TOSSICI

IMBALLAGGI E OGGETTI

NON RICICLABILI


Waste linking the local and global crises

IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA

PIU’

RICICLABILI

TOSSICI

IMBALLAGGI E OGGETTI

NON RICICLABILI

DISCARICA TEMPORANEA


Waste linking the local and global crises

IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA

FRAZIONE

ORGANICA

SPORCA

PIU’

RICICLABILI

TOSSICI

IMBALLAGGI E OGGETTI

NON RICICLABILI

DISCARICA TEMPORANEA


Waste linking the local and global crises

IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA

FRAZIONE

ORGANICA

SPORCA

PIU’

RICICLABILI

TOSSICI

IMBALLAGGI E OGGETTI

NON RICICLABILI

STABILIZZAZIONE BIOLOGICA

DISCARICA TEMPORANEA


We need to improve on these facilities by adding a research center for the non recyclable fraction

We need to improve on these facilities by adding a RESEARCH CENTER for the non-recyclable fraction


Waste linking the local and global crises

IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA

FRAZIONE

ORGANICA

SPORCA

PIU’

RICICLABILI

TOSSICI

IMBALLAGGI E OGGETTI

NON RICICLABILI

STABILIZZAZIONE BIOLOGICA

DISCARICA TEMPORANEA


Waste linking the local and global crises

FRAZIONE RESIDUA,CENTRO DI RICERCA

FRAZIONE

ORGANICA

SPORCA

PIU’

RICICLABILI

TOSSICI

IMBALLAGGI E OGGETTI

NON RICICLABILI

CENTRO DI

RICERCA

STABILIZZAZIONE BIOLOGICA

DISCARICA TEMPORANEA


Waste linking the local and global crises

FRAZIONE RESIDUA,CENTRO DI RICERCA

IMBALLAGGI E ALTRI RIFIUTI NON RICICLABILI

Università locale

RICERCA SCIENTIFICA SU NUOVI IMPIEGHI DEI MATERIALI OTTENUTI DA RIFIUTI E MIGLIORE PROGETTAZIONE INDUSTRIALE


Waste linking the local and global crises

FRAZIONE RESIDUA,CENTRO DI RICERCA

TOSSICII

Università locale

RICERCA SCIENTIFICA

“FOR CLEAN

PRODUCTION”


Waste linking the local and global crises

1

AVOIDABLES

Waste

Reduction

initiatives

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio

?

Reuse &

Repair Centers

De-costruire


Waste linking the local and global crises

1

2

3

AVOIDABLES

Waste

Reduction

initiatives

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio

Residual Screening

&Reseach

Facility

Reuse &

Repair Centers

De-costruire


Waste linking the local and global crises

1

AVOIDABLES

Waste

Reduction

initiatives

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio

Residual Screening

&Reseach

Facility

Reuse &

Repair Centers

Household Toxics

De-costruire


Consiglio

Consiglio:

La creazione di un

“Istituto Nazionale

per una Società Sostenibile”

Con funzione di coordinamento della ricerca locale e regionale presso il Centro per la Ricerca e lo Screening sulla Frazione Residua (= cattiva progettazione industriale)


Incenerendo

Incenerendo …

… si convertono 3 tonnellate di rifiuti in:

1 tonnellata di ceneri tossiche

che nessuno vuole!!!


Con la strategia rifiuti zero

Con la strategia Rifiuti Zero

Si convertono TRE tonnellate di rifiuti in:

1 tonnellata di risorse compostabili

1 tonnellata di risorse riciclabili

e

1 tonnellata di consapevolezza!


Messaggio all industria

Messaggio all’industria:

  • Se non possiamo riutilizzarlo, riciclarlo o compostarlo,

  • l’industria non dovrebbe produrlo!!!

  • We need better industrial design for the 21st Century


Impianto di separazone e centro di ricerca della frazione residua

IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE e CENTRO DI RICERCA della FRAZIONE RESIDUA

  • Will Italy be the first to build an impianto di separazone e centro di ricerca della frazione residua?


Progress towards zero waste around the world

Progress towards Zero Waste around the world

  • www.zwia.org

  • Note over 50% of communities in New Zealand have declared a Zero Waste strategy


San francisco

San Francisco

  • Popolazione = 850.000

  • Carenza di spazio

  • 50% raccolta differenziata entro il 2000

  • 63% raccolta differenziata entro il 2004

  • 75% raccolta differenziata entro il 2010 (obiettivo)

  • 100% (or very close!)entro il 2020 – Zero Rifiuti


I fantastici 3

I “Fantastici 3”


The green container

The green container

  • Receives the clean compostables (all organic discards)


Impianto di compostaggio

Impianto di Compostaggio


Un ricco compost pronto per la vendita

UN RICCO COMPOST, PRONTO PER LA VENDITA


I prodotti biologici tornano sui mercati e nei ristoranti di san francisco

I PRODOTTI BIOLOGICI TORNANO SUI MERCATI E NEI RISTORANTI DI SAN FRANCISCO


I fantastici 31

I “Fantastici 3”


The blue container

The blue container

  • Receives ALL the recyclables...


Centrale di riciclaggio

Centrale di Riciclaggio

@ Molo 96


Ontario

Ontario

  • The city of Markham (north of Toronto) has diverted 70% from landfill in 2 years.


Italy porta a porta no vespa

ItalyPorta a Porta (no Vespa!)

  • L’italia ha uno dei migliori centri di ricerca al mondo per la progettazione di una raccolta porta a porta efficace ed efficiente di rifiuti riciclabili e organici

  • Scuola Agraria del Parco di Monza

  • Enzo Favoino


Italy1

Italy

  • Over 600 communities in Italy are achieving over 50% diversion using “door to door” collection systems


Waste linking the local and global crises

Comunità in Lazio che hanno riciclato più del 50% dei rifiuti attraverso il sistema di raccolta porta-a-porta in un solo anno!


Italy2

Italy

  • Novara - (near Turin, population = 100,000) achieved 70% diversion in just 18 months!


Italy3

Italy

  • In the Treviso region…


Waste linking the local and global crises

RISULTATI QUANTITATIVI

AUMENTO % RACCOLTA DIFFERENZIATA


Waste linking the local and global crises

RISULTATI QUANTITATIVI

AUMENTO % RACCOLTA DIFFERENZIATA


Waste linking the local and global crises

DIFFERENZIATA COSTA DI PIU?

Costi di gestione senza raccolta differenziata

Costi di gestione con raccolta differenziata


Waste linking the local and global crises

La gestione dei rifiuti

nei Comuni del Consorzio Priula

Paolo Contò

Consorzio Intercomunale Priula - Villorba (TV)

[email protected]


Another three reasons why zw 2020 is better than incineration

Another three reasons why ZW 2020 is better than incineration

  • Jobs!

  • Jobs !!

  • Jobs !!!


Nuova scozia canada

Nuova Scozia (Canada)

  • 50% dei rifiuti sottratto alle discariche in 5 anni (Halifax ~ 60%)

  • 1000 posti di lavoro creati dall’aprile 1996

  • Altri 2000 posti di lavoro creati in industrie che usano i materiali separati

  • Nearly all the separated materials are re-used in Nova Scotia’s own industries.


Una buona leadership

UNA BUONA LEADERSHIP

Abbiamo bisogno di leader politici e industriali dotati di

grandi visioni

immaginazione

e …

CHE NON SIANO NOIOSI


Le persone noiose risolvono i problemi nel posto sbagliato

Le persone noiose … risolvono i problemi nel posto sbagliato !


Waste linking the local and global crises

Chi tenta di risolvere il problema A VALLE pensa …

1. UNA TAZZA

2. UN SECCHIO

3. UNA POMPA A PEDALE

4. UNA POMPA ELETTRICA


Waste linking the local and global crises

Chi tenta di risolvere il problema A MONTE pensa …


Einstein

Einstein

A clever person

solves a problem

A genius

avoids it!


Un pizzico di creativit a monte pu far risparmiare milioni a valle

Un pizzico di creatività a monte può far risparmiare milioni a valle


Conclusioni

Conclusioni

The Zero Waste Strategy addresses four key issues:

  • 1. Individuals must be more careful about what they buy

  • 2. Industries must be more careful about what they make

  • 3. Communities must be more responsible in the way that discarded materials are collected and handled

  • 4. Education has a key role in linking waste management to sustainability and the fight against Global Warming


Conclusioni1

Conclusioni

  • The throwaway society contributes to global warming by wasting finite resources and wasting energy

  • Landfills and incinerators do not solve the problem but only hide the symptoms

  • The Zero Waste strategy by intensifying reuse, recycling, and composting and by tackling overconsumption and poor industrial design, reduces global warming and the other impacts of primary processing


Waste linking the local and global crises

Education

Sustainable

agriculture

Zero Waste 2020

Architecture

Industrial

design

Sustainable

Energy

Community

development

Sustainable

Economic

Development


Conclusioni2

Conclusioni

  • Non abbiamo bisogno di inceneritori!

  • Esistono alternative

  • migliori più sicure,

  • migliori per l’economia,

  • migliori per i vostri figli, e

  • migliori per il pianeta.


But in italy there remains a major obstacle

But in Italy there remains a major obstacle:


The bad law

THE BAD LAW

Level of Pollution

Level of corruption


Waste linking the local and global crises

THE GOOD LAW

Level of Pollution

Public participation


Waste linking the local and global crises

Dio

ricicla,

il diavolo

brucia


The battle hymn of garbage

The Battle Hymn of Garbage

(Chorus)

We don’t want incineration

We don’t want incineration

We don’t want incineration

We know there’s a better way!


The battle hymn of garbage1

The Battle Hymn of Garbage

While we recognize our landfills

All are swelling with the waste

This doesn’t justify

A bad decision made in haste!

Let us put our heads together

So the problem may be faced

And we must do it now!


The battle hymn of garbage2

The Battle Hymn of Garbage

(Chorus)

We don’t want incineration

We don’t want incineration

We don’t want incineration

We know there’s a better way!


The battle hymn of garbage3

The Battle Hymn of Garbage

Mine eyes have seen the garbage

That’s a smoldering on the grate

We must stop incineration

Before it is too late

Unless we wish the dangers

We had better separate

And we must do it now!


The battle hymn of garbage4

The Battle Hymn of Garbage

(Chorus)

We don’t want incineration

We don’t want incineration

We don’t want incineration

We know there’s a better way!


Extra slides

Extra slides


No accountability

No accountability

  • Typically incinerators tested once or twice a year using 6 hour tests to check dioxin in flue gas.

  • These are collected with advanced notice to the operator

  • Thus, 18 (36?) hours of IDEALdata is being used to ESTIMATE 8000 hours of REAL operation.

  • THIS IS NOT SCIENTIFIC!

  • Two week sampling (The Amesa system) is now available. This system allows collection of 26 X two-week samples per year - i.e. continuous sampling

  • Most incinerator operators are not using the two week sampling system or other scientific monitoring.


Hiding the name

Hiding the name!

  • Waste Incineration is so unpopular with the public that incinerator promoters have used a variety of names for plants that burn trash:

  • In US, they were called Resource Recovery Facilities and Waste to Energy plants.

  • In UK they were called Energy from Waste (EfW) facilities.

  • In Italy and France they are called “Thermal Valorization” and “Thermal Optimization”

  • Now all the rage are the descriptions: gasification,pyrolysis and plasma arc facilities.


The most appropriate name for incinerators

The most appropriate name for incinerators

  • RDF

  • Resource Destruction Facilities!


Dobbiamo copiare la natura

Dobbiamo copiare la natura

  • La natura non produce rifiuti!

  • I rifiuti sono un’invenzione dell’uomo

  • Società sostenibile = società a rifiuti zero

  • Zero Waste is an idealistic goal,

  • but Zero Waste 2020 puts this goal into a realistic time frame


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