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WASTE : Linking the local and global crises. Verona , May 25 2007 Dr Paul Connett Professor Emeritus of Chemistry St Lawrence University, Canton, NY Paul @ American Health Studies. org. My thanks to Rossano Ercolini (Ambiente Futuro) for organizing my 29th visit to Italy.

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Waste linking the local and global crises

WASTE :Linking the local and global crises

Verona, May 25 2007

Dr Paul Connett

Professor Emeritus of Chemistry

St Lawrence University, Canton, NY

[email protected]


My thanks to rossano ercolini ambiente futuro for organizing my 29th visit to italy

My thanks to Rossano Ercolini (Ambiente Futuro) for organizing my 29th visit to Italy

Rossano Ercolini

[email protected]

338-28-66-215



All’età di 16 anni i ragazzi di oggi hanno già guardato

oltre

350.000 spot pubblicitari.

Paul Hawken

The Ecology of Commerce


Viviamo su questo pianeta come se ne avessimo un altro su cui trasferirci…

Non possiamo continuare a vivere in una società “usa e getta” su un pianeta finito

This is colonialism in time!

We are robbing our own children and grandchildren

Con le discariche non facciamo altro che SOTTERRARE le prove

Gli inceneritori non fanno che BRUCIARE le prove

Dobbiamo affrontare il vero problema …


Il problema non come eliminare i rifiuti ma piuttosto come non produrli
Il problema non è: cui trasferirci…“come eliminare i rifiuti”, ma piuttostocome NON produrli


Our task is to fight the throwaway ethic over consumption
Our task is to fight the throwaway ethic & cui trasferirci…over-consumption


Not only is over consumption giving us a waste crisis but also
Not only is cui trasferirci…over-consumption giving us a waste crisis but also…



A LINEAR SOCIETY cui trasferirci…

We are imposing a linear society

on a planet

that functions in circles


A LINEAR SOCIETY cui trasferirci…

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials


A LINEAR SOCIETY cui trasferirci…

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items


A LINEAR SOCIETY cui trasferirci…

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items

Consumption


A LINEAR SOCIETY cui trasferirci…

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items

Consumption

Discarded

Materials


ENERGY cui trasferirci…

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items

Consumption

Discarded

Materials

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide


ENERGY cui trasferirci…

ENERGY

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items

Consumption

Discarded

Materials

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide


INCINERATION & LANDFILLS cui trasferirci…

ENERGY

ENERGY

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items

Consumption

Discarded

Materials

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide


RECYCLING OF MATERIALS cui trasferirci…

ENERGY

ENERGY

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items

Consumption

Discarded

Materials

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide


REUSE OF OBJECTS cui trasferirci…

ENERGY

ENERGY

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items

Consumption

Discarded

Materials

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide


COMPOSTING cui trasferirci…

ENERGY

ENERGY

Extraction of

Virgin

Materials

Production of

Manufactured

items

Consumption

Discarded

Materials

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide

Solid waste

Air pollution

Water pollution

Carbon dioxide


Global warming
Global warming cui trasferirci…

Composting

Landfill

Incineration


Global warming1
Global warming cui trasferirci…

Composting

Landfill

Incineration

Methane

SLOW


Global warming2
Global warming cui trasferirci…

Composting

Landfill

Incineration

Carbon dioxide

FAST

Methane

SLOW


Global warming3
Global warming cui trasferirci…

Composting

Landfill

Incineration

Carbon dioxide &

Some Methane

SLOW

Carbon dioxide

FAST

Methane

SLOW


Global warming4
Global warming cui trasferirci…

Composting

Landfill

Incineration

Carbon dioxide &

Some Methane

SLOW

Carbon dioxide

FAST

Methane

SLOW

Sequestered

Carbon


Gli studi della EU sul confronto dei sistemi di trattamenti dei RU residui

AEA executive report waste climate change (Nov. 2002)

  • Recycling

  • Composting

  • Mechanical biological treatment (MBT)

  • Anaerobic Digestion (AD)

  • Incineration

  • Landfill of untreated waste

Extract from summary report


Kg gas serra tonnellata rifiuti urbani
Kg gas serra/tonnellata Rifiuti Urbani dei RU residui

Waste Management Options and Climate Change. AEA 2002


Arguments against incineration
Arguments against incineration dei RU residui

  • Emissioni tossiche nell’atmosfera

  • Produzione di ceneri tossiche

  • Pubblica opposizione. Incineration is anti-democratic

  • Costi finanziari. Incineration is a poor investment

  • Produzione di energia (spreco di energia)

  • Ci sono migliori alternative – Zero Waste 2020



MODERN TRASH INCINERATOR dei RU residui

ELECTRICITY

TURBINE

WET SCRUBBER

SECONDARY

CHAMBER

DE-NOX

STEAM

FABRIC

FILTER

TEMP

< 200oC

CHUTE

BOILER

SEMI-

DRY

SCRUBBER

Ca(OH) 2

SUSPENSION

ACTIVATED

CHARCOAL

GRATES

AMMONIA

INJECTION

TRASH

FLY ASH

BOTTOM ASH


Politicians often approve incineration before they have any idea where the toxic ash is going to go
Politicians often approve incineration before they have any idea where the toxic ash is going to go!


Ash disposal in other countries
Ash disposal in other countries idea where the toxic ash is going to go!

  • Germany puts fly ash into nylon bags and buries them in salt mines (like nuclear waste)

  • Some Japanese incinerators vitrify the ash

  • Denmark has a wonderful solution … it

  • sends its ash to Norway!

  • The Netherlands puts the fly ash into asphalt and the bottom ash into road building!


2 gli inceneritori emettono gas tossici
2. Gli inceneritori emettono gas tossici idea where the toxic ash is going to go!


AIR EMISSIONS idea where the toxic ash is going to go!

CO2 + H2O

ACID GASES:

HCI, HF, SO2

NOx

TOXIC METALS:

Pb, Cd, Hg, As, Cr etc

NEW COMPOUNDS:

PCB’s

PCDDs (DIOXINS)

PCDFs (FURANS)

ETC

NANO

PARTICLES


Catalytic oxidizers idea where the toxic ash is going to go!

Brominated/chlorinated dioxins and furans

Polycyclic aromatic

hydrocarbons

Chlorinated

hydrocarbons


The dangers of nanoparticles
The dangers of nanoparticles idea where the toxic ash is going to go!

  • Nanoparticles are not efficiently captured by air pollution control devices,

  • travel long distances,

  • penetrate deep into the lungs


Nano pathology
Nano Pathology idea where the toxic ash is going to go!

  • Nano particles are so small they can easily cross cell membranes

  • Including the blood brain barrier and the nuclear membrane

  • Ferry toxic metals into the brain

  • Stabilized free radicals cause oxidative stress - inflammation - many degenerative diseases


Aggregati di piombo bario cromo ferro e silicio in cervello
Aggregati di Piombo idea where the toxic ash is going to go!, Bario, Cromo, Ferro e Silicio in Cervello.

http://www.nanodiagnostics.it/Fotografia.aspx?ID=11


Dioxins major concerns
Dioxins - major concerns idea where the toxic ash is going to go!

  • Dioxins accumulate in animal fat

  • One liter of cows’ milk gives the same dose of dioxin as breathing air next to the cows for EIGHT MONTHS (Connett and Webster, 1987).

  • Dioxins steadily accumulate in human body fat. The man cannot get rid of them BUT A woman can…

  • …by having a baby!

  • The highest dose of dioxin goes to the fetus and then to the new born infant via breastfeeding, and

  • dioxins interfere with hormones which control sexual and mental development


WE WANT DIOXIN idea where the toxic ash is going to go!

OUT OF OUR BABIES!


Institute of medicine 2003
Institute of Medicine, 2003 idea where the toxic ash is going to go!

  • Fetuses and breastfeeding infants may be at particular risk from exposure to dioxins due to their potential to cause adverse neurodevelopmental… and immune system effects…


Institute of medicine 20031
Institute of Medicine, 2003 idea where the toxic ash is going to go!

  • …The committee recommends:

  • 1) the government place a high public health priority on reducing dioxin intakes by girls and young women in the years well before pregnancy is likely to occur

  • 2) (By) substituting low-fat or skim milk, for whole milk…and other foods lower in animal fat


Thermal treatment is dangerous
Thermal treatment is dangerous idea where the toxic ash is going to go!

  • In citiesbecause the fine particles can get deep down into our lungs

  • In rural areas because the dioxins can get into our food


While modern incinerators have reduced dioxin emissions idea where the toxic ash is going to go!there is no real accountabilityin most countries


YOU NEED THREE THINGS TO PROTECT THE PUBLIC FROM TOXIC EMISSIONS.

STRONG

REGULATIONS

ADEQUATE

MONITORING

TOUGH

ENFORCEMENT

IF ANY LINK IS WEAK THE PUBLIC IS NOT PROTECTED


3 incineration is extremely unpopular
3. Incineration is extremely unpopular EMISSIONS.

  • In the US over 300 incinerator proposals defeated since 1985

  • US has not permitted a new trash incinerator since 1995.


4 incineration is a poor investment
4. Incineration is a poor investment EMISSIONS.

  • Most of the money spent on incinerators goes into complicated machinery and leaves the community, whereas

  • The money spent on the alternatives goes into jobs and stays in the community.


5 incineration is a waste of energy
5. Incineration is a waste of energy! EMISSIONS.

  • 3-4 times more energy saved by reusing objects and recycling materials in waste stream.

  • In Italy a law passed in 1996 allows incinerators to sell electricity at three times the price from other sources. The public pays!

  • This explains the current rush to build new incinerators in Italy even though they are so unpopular.

  • The Alberta government has just provided a $20 million subsidy for a new incinerator in Edmonton


Energy comparison recycling versus incineration icf consulting 2005
Energy Comparison: EMISSIONS. Recycling versus incineration(ICF consulting, 2005)



“Anche rendendo EMISSIONS. sicuro l’incenerimento,

Esso non sarà mai una cosa sensata.

Semplicemente non ha senso

spendere così tanti soldi

Per distruggere risorse che dovremmo

Risparmiare per il futuro.”

(PC)




RIFIUTI ZERO 2020 INCINERATION

SÌ A UNA

SOCIETA’ SOSTENIBILE

NO ALLASOCIETA’

USA E GETTA

SPOSTARSI A MONTE

Progettare i rifiuti all’esterno del ciclo produttivo

NO ALL’INCENERIMENTO

NO ALLE DISCARICHE


I rifiuti non sono un problema tecnologico sono un problema di progettazione industriale
I rifiuti non sono un INCINERATIONproblema tecnologicosono un problema di progettazione industriale


Per ottenere zero rifiuti
Per ottenere Zero Rifiuti INCINERATION

Occorrono tre cose

RESPONSABILITA’ INDUSTRIALE (a monte)

RESPONSABILITA’ della COMUNITA’ (a valle)

3) Una BUONA LEADERSHIP POLITICA (per saldare insieme entrambe)


Responsabilita industriale
RESPONSABILITA’ INDUSTRIALE INCINERATION

  • 1. PROGETTO INDUSTRIALE DI SOSTENIBILITA’

  • 2.PRODUZIONE PULITA - riduzione di elementi tossici nei prodotti e nella produzione

  • 3.RESPONSAILITA’ DELLA CATENA DI PRODUZIONE (EPR = EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY)


Extended producer responsibilty
Extended Producer Responsibilty INCINERATION

  • In futuro le imprese produttrici dovrebbero considerare di dover ritirare I propri prodotti e confezioni, dopo l’uso

  • leggi si stanno gia’ muovendo in questa direzione.


Extended producer responsibilty1
Extended Producer Responsibilty INCINERATION

XEROX CORPORATION EUROPErecupero di vecchie macchine fotocopiatrici da oltre 16 paesi

  • Raccolte in enormi depositi in Olanda, dove vengono smontate

  • Oltre il 95% dei materiali viene riutilizzato o riciclato!

  • Con un risparmio di $76 milioni nel 2000!!


Ontario canada
ONTARIO, CANADA INCINERATION

  • The Beer industry has used refillable glass bottles for over 50 years

  • 98% recovered

  • on average each bottle reused 18 times

  • Refillable glass bottles 11 cents cheaper per serving than disposable bottles.

  • 2000 jobs in collection and cleaning

  • No cost to municipality

  • Packaging costs internalized


Community responsibility classification of discarded materials
COMMUNITY RESPONSIBILITY INCINERATIONClassification of Discarded materials

  • 1. Avoidables (e.g. throwaway plastic objects)

  • 2. Reusables (e.g furniture, appliances)

  • 3.Toxics (e.g paint, oil, batteries)

  • 4.Compostables (e.g. food scraps)

  • 5. Recyclables (e.g. paper, glass, metals)

  • 6. Residuals

  • Residuals = “bad industrial design”


Responsabilita della comunita
RESPONSABILITA’ INCINERATIONdella COMUNITA’

  • Community responsibility begins with Source Separation (porta a porta)

  • One container for compostables(i.e. the organic fraction)

  • One (or more) containers for the recyclables

  • One container for the residuals


1 INCINERATION


1 INCINERATION

2


1 INCINERATION

2

3


1 INCINERATION

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio


Aerazione forzata INCINERATION

Aerazione Forzata


Compostaggio rurale
Compostaggio rurale INCINERATION


1 INCINERATION

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio


1 INCINERATION

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio

?


1 INCINERATION

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio

?

Reuse &

Repair Centers


1 INCINERATION

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio

?

Reuse &

Repair Centers

De-costruire


1 INCINERATION

AVOIDABLES

Waste

Reduction

initiatives

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio

?

Reuse &

Repair Centers

De-costruire


Italy
Italy INCINERATION

  • A supermarket chain near Florence is providing dispensers which allow customers to refill shampoo and detergent bottles…



1 INCINERATION

AVOIDABLES

Waste

Reduction

initiatives

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio

?

Reuse &

Repair Centers

De-costruire


Come gestiamo la frazione residua un momento cruciale della filosofia rifiuti zero
Come gestiamo la frazione residua: un momento cruciale della filosofia Rifiuti Zero

  • Incineration attempts to make the residuals disappear

  • Zero Waste 2020 needs to make the residuals VERY VISIBLE, because…

  • Frazione Residua = cattiva progettazione industriale

  • We need better (sustainable) industrial design for the 21st Century


Nova scotia canada
Nova Scotia, Canada della filosofia Rifiuti Zero

  • They have built IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA

  • These buildings are built in front of the landfill - NO residuals can go to landfill without being screened.



IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA della filosofia Rifiuti Zero

PIU’

RICICLABILI


IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA della filosofia Rifiuti Zero

PIU’

RICICLABILI

TOSSICI


IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA della filosofia Rifiuti Zero

PIU’

RICICLABILI

TOSSICI

IMBALLAGGI E OGGETTI

NON RICICLABILI


IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA della filosofia Rifiuti Zero

PIU’

RICICLABILI

TOSSICI

IMBALLAGGI E OGGETTI

NON RICICLABILI

DISCARICA TEMPORANEA


IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA della filosofia Rifiuti Zero

FRAZIONE

ORGANICA

SPORCA

PIU’

RICICLABILI

TOSSICI

IMBALLAGGI E OGGETTI

NON RICICLABILI

DISCARICA TEMPORANEA


IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA della filosofia Rifiuti Zero

FRAZIONE

ORGANICA

SPORCA

PIU’

RICICLABILI

TOSSICI

IMBALLAGGI E OGGETTI

NON RICICLABILI

STABILIZZAZIONE BIOLOGICA

DISCARICA TEMPORANEA


We need to improve on these facilities by adding a research center for the non recyclable fraction
We need to improve on these facilities by adding a RESEARCH CENTER for the non-recyclable fraction


IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA CENTER for the non-recyclable fraction

FRAZIONE

ORGANICA

SPORCA

PIU’

RICICLABILI

TOSSICI

IMBALLAGGI E OGGETTI

NON RICICLABILI

STABILIZZAZIONE BIOLOGICA

DISCARICA TEMPORANEA


FRAZIONE RESIDUA, CENTER for the non-recyclable fraction CENTRO DI RICERCA

FRAZIONE

ORGANICA

SPORCA

PIU’

RICICLABILI

TOSSICI

IMBALLAGGI E OGGETTI

NON RICICLABILI

CENTRO DI

RICERCA

STABILIZZAZIONE BIOLOGICA

DISCARICA TEMPORANEA


FRAZIONE RESIDUA, CENTER for the non-recyclable fraction CENTRO DI RICERCA

IMBALLAGGI E ALTRI RIFIUTI NON RICICLABILI

Università locale

RICERCA SCIENTIFICA SU NUOVI IMPIEGHI DEI MATERIALI OTTENUTI DA RIFIUTI E MIGLIORE PROGETTAZIONE INDUSTRIALE


FRAZIONE RESIDUA, CENTER for the non-recyclable fraction CENTRO DI RICERCA

TOSSICII

Università locale

RICERCA SCIENTIFICA

“FOR CLEAN

PRODUCTION”


1 CENTER for the non-recyclable fraction

AVOIDABLES

Waste

Reduction

initiatives

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio

?

Reuse &

Repair Centers

De-costruire


1 CENTER for the non-recyclable fraction

2

3

AVOIDABLES

Waste

Reduction

initiatives

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio

Residual Screening

&Reseach

Facility

Reuse &

Repair Centers

De-costruire


1 CENTER for the non-recyclable fraction

AVOIDABLES

Waste

Reduction

initiatives

2

3

Impianto di

Compostaggio

Centrale

di Riciclaggio

Residual Screening

&Reseach

Facility

Reuse &

Repair Centers

Household Toxics

De-costruire


Consiglio
Consiglio: CENTER for the non-recyclable fraction

La creazione di un

“Istituto Nazionale

per una Società Sostenibile”

Con funzione di coordinamento della ricerca locale e regionale presso il Centro per la Ricerca e lo Screening sulla Frazione Residua (= cattiva progettazione industriale)


Incenerendo
Incenerendo … CENTER for the non-recyclable fraction

… si convertono 3 tonnellate di rifiuti in:

1 tonnellata di ceneri tossiche

che nessuno vuole!!!


Con la strategia rifiuti zero
Con la strategia Rifiuti Zero CENTER for the non-recyclable fraction

Si convertono TRE tonnellate di rifiuti in:

1 tonnellata di risorse compostabili

1 tonnellata di risorse riciclabili

e

1 tonnellata di consapevolezza!


Messaggio all industria
Messaggio all’industria: CENTER for the non-recyclable fraction

  • Se non possiamo riutilizzarlo, riciclarlo o compostarlo,

  • l’industria non dovrebbe produrlo!!!

  • We need better industrial design for the 21st Century


Impianto di separazone e centro di ricerca della frazione residua
IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE e CENTRO DI RICERCA della FRAZIONE RESIDUA

  • Will Italy be the first to build an impianto di separazone e centro di ricerca della frazione residua?


Progress towards zero waste around the world
Progress towards Zero Waste around the world RESIDUA

  • www.zwia.org

  • Note over 50% of communities in New Zealand have declared a Zero Waste strategy


San francisco
San Francisco RESIDUA

  • Popolazione = 850.000

  • Carenza di spazio

  • 50% raccolta differenziata entro il 2000

  • 63% raccolta differenziata entro il 2004

  • 75% raccolta differenziata entro il 2010 (obiettivo)

  • 100% (or very close!)entro il 2020 – Zero Rifiuti



The green container
The green container RESIDUA

  • Receives the clean compostables (all organic discards)





I fantastici 31
I “Fantastici 3” SAN FRANCISCO


The blue container
The blue container SAN FRANCISCO

  • Receives ALL the recyclables...


Centrale di riciclaggio
Centrale di Riciclaggio SAN FRANCISCO

@ Molo 96


Ontario
Ontario SAN FRANCISCO

  • The city of Markham (north of Toronto) has diverted 70% from landfill in 2 years.


Italy porta a porta no vespa
Italy SAN FRANCISCO Porta a Porta (no Vespa!)

  • L’italia ha uno dei migliori centri di ricerca al mondo per la progettazione di una raccolta porta a porta efficace ed efficiente di rifiuti riciclabili e organici

  • Scuola Agraria del Parco di Monza

  • Enzo Favoino


Italy1
Italy SAN FRANCISCO

  • Over 600 communities in Italy are achieving over 50% diversion using “door to door” collection systems


Comunità in Lazio che hanno riciclato più del 50% dei rifiuti attraverso il sistema di raccolta porta-a-porta in un solo anno!


Italy2
Italy rifiuti attraverso il sistema di raccolta

  • Novara - (near Turin, population = 100,000) achieved 70% diversion in just 18 months!


Italy3
Italy rifiuti attraverso il sistema di raccolta

  • In the Treviso region…


RISULTATI QUANTITATIVI rifiuti attraverso il sistema di raccolta

AUMENTO % RACCOLTA DIFFERENZIATA


RISULTATI QUANTITATIVI rifiuti attraverso il sistema di raccolta

AUMENTO % RACCOLTA DIFFERENZIATA


DIFFERENZIATA COSTA DI PIU? rifiuti attraverso il sistema di raccolta

Costi di gestione senza raccolta differenziata

Costi di gestione con raccolta differenziata


La gestione dei rifiuti rifiuti attraverso il sistema di raccolta

nei Comuni del Consorzio Priula

Paolo Contò

Consorzio Intercomunale Priula - Villorba (TV)

[email protected]


Another three reasons why zw 2020 is better than incineration
Another three reasons why ZW 2020 is better than incineration

  • Jobs!

  • Jobs !!

  • Jobs !!!


Nuova scozia canada
Nuova Scozia (Canada) incineration

  • 50% dei rifiuti sottratto alle discariche in 5 anni (Halifax ~ 60%)

  • 1000 posti di lavoro creati dall’aprile 1996

  • Altri 2000 posti di lavoro creati in industrie che usano i materiali separati

  • Nearly all the separated materials are re-used in Nova Scotia’s own industries.


Una buona leadership
UNA BUONA LEADERSHIP incineration

Abbiamo bisogno di leader politici e industriali dotati di

grandi visioni

immaginazione

e …

CHE NON SIANO NOIOSI


Le persone noiose risolvono i problemi nel posto sbagliato
Le persone noiose … incinerationrisolvono i problemi nel posto sbagliato !


Chi tenta di risolvere il problema A VALLE pensa … incineration

1. UNA TAZZA

2. UN SECCHIO

3. UNA POMPA A PEDALE

4. UNA POMPA ELETTRICA



Einstein
Einstein incineration

A clever person

solves a problem

A genius

avoids it!



Conclusioni
Conclusioni milioni a valle

The Zero Waste Strategy addresses four key issues:

  • 1. Individuals must be more careful about what they buy

  • 2. Industries must be more careful about what they make

  • 3. Communities must be more responsible in the way that discarded materials are collected and handled

  • 4. Education has a key role in linking waste management to sustainability and the fight against Global Warming


Conclusioni1
Conclusioni milioni a valle

  • The throwaway society contributes to global warming by wasting finite resources and wasting energy

  • Landfills and incinerators do not solve the problem but only hide the symptoms

  • The Zero Waste strategy by intensifying reuse, recycling, and composting and by tackling overconsumption and poor industrial design, reduces global warming and the other impacts of primary processing


Education milioni a valle

Sustainable

agriculture

Zero Waste 2020

Architecture

Industrial

design

Sustainable

Energy

Community

development

Sustainable

Economic

Development


Conclusioni2
Conclusioni milioni a valle

  • Non abbiamo bisogno di inceneritori!

  • Esistono alternative

  • migliori più sicure,

  • migliori per l’economia,

  • migliori per i vostri figli, e

  • migliori per il pianeta.



The bad law
THE BAD LAW milioni a valle

Level of Pollution

Level of corruption


THE GOOD LAW milioni a valle

Level of Pollution

Public participation


Dio milioni a valle

ricicla,

il diavolo

brucia


The battle hymn of garbage

The Battle Hymn of Garbage milioni a valle

(Chorus)

We don’t want incineration

We don’t want incineration

We don’t want incineration

We know there’s a better way!


The battle hymn of garbage1

The Battle Hymn of Garbage milioni a valle

While we recognize our landfills

All are swelling with the waste

This doesn’t justify

A bad decision made in haste!

Let us put our heads together

So the problem may be faced

And we must do it now!


The battle hymn of garbage2

The Battle Hymn of Garbage milioni a valle

(Chorus)

We don’t want incineration

We don’t want incineration

We don’t want incineration

We know there’s a better way!


The battle hymn of garbage3

The Battle Hymn of Garbage milioni a valle

Mine eyes have seen the garbage

That’s a smoldering on the grate

We must stop incineration

Before it is too late

Unless we wish the dangers

We had better separate

And we must do it now!


The battle hymn of garbage4

The Battle Hymn of Garbage milioni a valle

(Chorus)

We don’t want incineration

We don’t want incineration

We don’t want incineration

We know there’s a better way!


Extra slides
Extra slides milioni a valle


No accountability
No accountability milioni a valle

  • Typically incinerators tested once or twice a year using 6 hour tests to check dioxin in flue gas.

  • These are collected with advanced notice to the operator

  • Thus, 18 (36?) hours of IDEALdata is being used to ESTIMATE 8000 hours of REAL operation.

  • THIS IS NOT SCIENTIFIC!

  • Two week sampling (The Amesa system) is now available. This system allows collection of 26 X two-week samples per year - i.e. continuous sampling

  • Most incinerator operators are not using the two week sampling system or other scientific monitoring.


Hiding the name
Hiding the name! milioni a valle

  • Waste Incineration is so unpopular with the public that incinerator promoters have used a variety of names for plants that burn trash:

  • In US, they were called Resource Recovery Facilities and Waste to Energy plants.

  • In UK they were called Energy from Waste (EfW) facilities.

  • In Italy and France they are called “Thermal Valorization” and “Thermal Optimization”

  • Now all the rage are the descriptions: gasification,pyrolysis and plasma arc facilities.


The most appropriate name for incinerators
The most appropriate name for incinerators milioni a valle

  • RDF

  • Resource Destruction Facilities!


Dobbiamo copiare la natura
Dobbiamo copiare la natura milioni a valle

  • La natura non produce rifiuti!

  • I rifiuti sono un’invenzione dell’uomo

  • Società sostenibile = società a rifiuti zero

  • Zero Waste is an idealistic goal,

  • but Zero Waste 2020 puts this goal into a realistic time frame


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