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War in the Pacific The Atomic Bomb. Pgs. 335-336. Pearl Harbor. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Japanese troops landed in the Philippines. Four months later they forced the Americans there to surrender.

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War in the Pacific The Atomic Bomb

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War in the PacificThe Atomic Bomb

Pgs. 335-336


Pearl Harbor

  • After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Japanese troops landed in the Philippines.

  • Four months later they forced the Americans there to surrender.

  • Before surrendering, the commander of the U.S. troops, General Douglas MacArthur, promised the people of the Philippines, “I shall return.”


1942

  • The Japanese appeared to be winning the war in the Pacific.

    • Two Battles turned the tide:

      • Battle of the Coral Sea

      • Battle of Midway

        • U.S. Navy defeated the Japanese fleet

        • U.S. Navy sank four Japanese aircraft carriers.


1943

  • The Allies began to force the Japanese from islands they had conquered.

  • The Allies formed the strategy of island-hopping.

    • Island-hopping meant only liberating the most important islands on the way to Japan.

    • The Allies would also begin bombing Japan from the air.


1944

  • October 1944 – General MacArthur began a major invasion to take back the Philippines.

  • MacArthur fulfilled his promise to return to the Philippines and liberate the island from Japanese control.


Iwo Jima

  • This was a costly battle for both sides.

  • 4,000 American soldiers died.

  • 20,000 Japanese soldiers died.

  • The United States captured Iwo Jima in 1945.


1945

  • President Truman made the difficult decision to drop an atom bomb on Japan.

  • He wanted to end the war quickly and save American lives.

  • On August 6, the American bomber, Enola Gay, flew over the city of Hiroshima, Japan.

  • A single bomb was dropped.


1945

  • First, there was a flash like an exploding sun.

  • Then a cloud shaped like a mushroom rose above the city.

  • The bomb killed 75,000 people, most civilians.


1945

  • Japan did not surrender so an order to drop a second bomb was given.

  • On August 9, a bomb was dropped on Nagasaki.

  • After this – Japan agreed to surrender!


Results


WAR OVER!

  • About 300,000 Americans were killed.

  • 15 million soldiers from other countries had died.


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