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Passé Composé with Etre PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Passé Composé with Etre. You already know how to form the Passé Composé tense. Here is a reminder:. Use part of the present tense of Avoir. Then add the past participle of the verb you want to put into the past. Eg Il a regardé Nous avons joué. Part of avoir. Past participle.

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Passé Composé with Etre

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Passé Composéwith Etre

You already know how to form the Passé Composé tense. Here is a reminder:

  • Use part of thepresent tense of Avoir

  • Then add thepast participleof the verbyou want to put into the past

Eg Ilaregardé

Nousavons joué

Part of avoir

Past participle


BUT one group of 14 verbs use the present tense of Etre instead.

MOST verbs use part of Avoir to form the passé composé.

Here is that list


List of Verbs which use Etre to form their Passé Composé

Monter VenirDescendre

Rester AllerEntrer

SortirNaîtreRetourner

Tomber Rentrer

Arriver

Mourir Partir

These verbs are usually known as the

“MRS VAN DER TRAMP” verbs.


When the passé composé is formed with Etre, the past participle behaves like an adjective.

So, if you have a feminine subject (the “doer” of the verb), you must also have a femininepast participle.

Eg

Il est allé (masculine)

BUT

Elle est allé (feminine)

e

If the subject is plural, the past participle must also be plural.

Eg

Ils sont allé (masculine plural)

s

Elles sont allé (feminine plural)

es


Here is a table showing all the agreements


Here are the past participles of some of the “Etre” verbs


Can you remember what to do?

Choose the correct past participle.

Il est …

allés

allé

allées

allée

allé


Ils sont…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés


Elles sont…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allées


Je m’appelle Isabelle. Je suis…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allée


Nous (m.pl) sommes…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés


Mahmoud et Mohamed sont…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés


Tu (f) es …

allés

allé

allées

allée

allée


M. Spedding, vous êtes…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allé


Salut, je suis Aïcha. Samedi ma mère et moi sommes…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allées


Ils sont…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés


Reem et Farah, vous êtes…

allés

allé

allées

allés

allées


Hassan et sa sœur sont…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés


Bonjour, je m’appelle Thomas. Ma copine est …

allés

allé

allées

allée

allée


Maman, Yasmeen et Ahmad sont…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés


Félicitations!


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