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Passé Composé with Etre. You already know how to form the Passé Composé tense. Here is a reminder:. Use part of the present tense of Avoir. Then add the past participle of the verb you want to put into the past. Eg Il a regardé Nous avons joué. Part of avoir. Past participle.

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pass compos with etre
Passé Composéwith Etre

You already know how to form the Passé Composé tense. Here is a reminder:

  • Use part of thepresent tense of Avoir
  • Then add thepast participleof the verbyou want to put into the past

Eg Ilaregardé

Nousavons joué

Part of avoir

Past participle

but one group of 14 verbs use the present tense of etre instead
BUT one group of 14 verbs use the present tense of Etre instead.

MOST verbs use part of Avoir to form the passé composé.

Here is that list

list of verbs which use etre to form their pass compos
List of Verbs which use Etre to form their Passé Composé

Monter Venir Descendre

Rester Aller Entrer

Sortir Naître Retourner

Tomber Rentrer

Arriver

Mourir Partir

These verbs are usually known as the

“MRS VAN DER TRAMP” verbs.

slide4

When the passé composé is formed with Etre, the past participle behaves like an adjective.

So, if you have a feminine subject (the “doer” of the verb), you must also have a femininepast participle.

Eg

Il est allé (masculine)

BUT

Elle est allé (feminine)

e

If the subject is plural, the past participle must also be plural.

Eg

Ils sont allé (masculine plural)

s

Elles sont allé (feminine plural)

es

can you remember what to do
Can you remember what to do?

Choose the correct past participle.

Il est …

allés

allé

allées

allée

allé

slide8

Ils sont…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés

slide9

Elles sont…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allées

slide10

Je m’appelle Isabelle. Je suis…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allée

slide11

Nous (m.pl) sommes…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés

slide12

Mahmoud et Mohamed sont…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés

slide13

Tu (f) es …

allés

allé

allées

allée

allée

slide14

M. Spedding, vous êtes…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allé

slide16

Ils sont…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés

slide17

Reem et Farah, vous êtes…

allés

allé

allées

allés

allées

slide18

Hassan et sa sœur sont…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés

slide20

Maman, Yasmeen et Ahmad sont…

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés

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