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Passé Composé with Etre. You already know how to form the Passé Composé tense. Here is a reminder:. Use part of the present tense of Avoir. Then add the past participle of the verb you want to put into the past. Eg Il a regardé Nous avons joué. Part of avoir. Past participle.

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Pass compos with etre l.jpg
Passé Composéwith Etre

You already know how to form the Passé Composé tense. Here is a reminder:

  • Use part of thepresent tense of Avoir

  • Then add thepast participleof the verbyou want to put into the past

Eg Ilaregardé

Nousavons joué

Part of avoir

Past participle


But one group of 14 verbs use the present tense of etre instead l.jpg
BUT one group of 14 verbs use the present tense of Etre instead.

MOST verbs use part of Avoir to form the passé composé.

Here is that list


List of verbs which use etre to form their pass compos l.jpg
List of Verbs which use Etre to form their Passé Composé

Monter Venir Descendre

Rester Aller Entrer

Sortir Naître Retourner

Tomber Rentrer

Arriver

Mourir Partir

These verbs are usually known as the

“MRS VAN DER TRAMP” verbs.


Slide4 l.jpg

When the passé composé is formed with Etre, the past participle behaves like an adjective.

So, if you have a feminine subject (the “doer” of the verb), you must also have a femininepast participle.

Eg

Il est allé (masculine)

BUT

Elle est allé (feminine)

e

If the subject is plural, the past participle must also be plural.

Eg

Ils sont allé (masculine plural)

s

Elles sont allé (feminine plural)

es


Here is a table showing all the agreements l.jpg
Here is a table showing all the agreements participle behaves like an adjective.



Can you remember what to do l.jpg
Can you remember what to do? verbs

Choose the correct past participle.

Il est …

allés

allé

allées

allée

allé


Slide8 l.jpg

Ils sont… verbs

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés


Slide9 l.jpg

Elles sont… verbs

allés

allé

allées

allée

allées


Slide10 l.jpg

Je m’appelle Isabelle. Je suis… verbs

allés

allé

allées

allée

allée


Slide11 l.jpg

Nous (m.pl) sommes… verbs

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés


Slide12 l.jpg

Mahmoud et Mohamed sont… verbs

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés


Slide13 l.jpg

Tu (f) es … verbs

allés

allé

allées

allée

allée


Slide14 l.jpg

M. Spedding, vous êtes… verbs

allés

allé

allées

allée

allé


Slide15 l.jpg

Salut, je suis Aïcha. Samedi ma mère et moi sommes… verbs

allés

allé

allées

allée

allées


Slide16 l.jpg

Ils sont… verbs

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés


Slide17 l.jpg

Reem et Farah, vous êtes… verbs

allés

allé

allées

allés

allées


Slide18 l.jpg

Hassan et sa sœur sont… verbs

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés


Slide19 l.jpg

Bonjour, je m’appelle Thomas. Ma copine est … verbs

allés

allé

allées

allée

allée


Slide20 l.jpg

Maman, Yasmeen et Ahmad sont… verbs

allés

allé

allées

allée

allés



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