The potential of irrigated agriculture in the counties
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THE POTENTIAL OF IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE IN THE COUNTIES. ENGINEERS INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE 9 TH -11 TH May 2012 By: Eng. George Odedeh. 1. AGRICULTURE AND THE NATIONAL ECONOMY. Largest and most dominant single contributor. Between 2006 and 2010, contributed an average 22.5 % to GDP.

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THE POTENTIAL OF IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE IN THE COUNTIES

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The potential of irrigated agriculture in the counties

THE POTENTIAL OF IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE IN THE COUNTIES

ENGINEERS INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE

9TH -11TH May 2012

By: Eng. George Odedeh


1 agriculture and the national economy

1. AGRICULTURE AND THE NATIONAL ECONOMY

  • Largest and most dominant single contributor.

  • Between 2006 and 2010, contributed an average 22.5 % to GDP.

  • Contribution in form of:

    • Growing of crops & horticulture

    • Farming of animals

    • Agricultural & animal husbandry services

    • Forestry & logging


1 agriculture and the national economy contd

1. AGRICULTURE AND THE NATIONAL ECONOMY contd

  • Contribution may be higher when value added agricultural products and fishing are taken into account.

  • Strong correlation between performance of agriculture and GDP (MoA).


The potential of irrigated agriculture in the counties

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT BY ACTIVITY 2006-2010

(Percent Contributions to GDP)


2 agriculture and the rural economy

2. AGRICULTURE AND THE RURAL ECONOMY

  • Country’s population is predominantly rural (~80%).

  • Opportunity for economic engagement is predominantly through agriculture.

  • Best use of the resources available to them, labour, land and water (mainly rain when it comes).

  • This generates other economic activities (Kericho, Kiambu, Kisii, UasinGishu,etc)


2 agriculture and the rural economy contd

2. AGRICULTURE AND THE RURAL ECONOMY contd

  • Good for unlocking economic potential of counties.

  • Creates purchasing power on a wider population base compared to other interventions


3 irrigation and agriculture

3. IRRIGATION AND AGRICULTURE

  • 80% of country’s land resources classified as arid or semi-arid.

  • Rising population and change of use in the 17 % arable land has led to declining production.

  • Climate change has worsened situation leading to declining or loss of livelihoods and forex.

  • Higher poverty incidence and food insecurity.


3 irrigated agriculture

3. IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE

  • Irrigation one of the best ways to sustain production horizontally (more land) and vertically (3-4 times productivity).

  • Supports soil and forest conservation.

  • Responds to national objectives of fighting poverty, ignorance and disease in a very effective way compared to other interventions.

  • Creates mini-economies (Wanguru, Hola, Ahero, Marigat, Bura, etc)


The potential of irrigated agriculture in the counties

Gross Value of Annual Production in Irrigation Schemes


3 irrigated agriculture contd

3. IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE contd

  • Allows for steady supply of raw materials for industry and markets (Delmonte, flower farms, etc).

  • Major player in forex earnings (cut flowers and horticultural produce).


4 potential in counties

4. POTENTIAL IN COUNTIES

  • In line with Article 186 (3) of CoK, irrigation development is a national function for now.

  • Appropriate since irrigation often relies on water passing through other counties.

  • Some facilities lie intake works or reservoirs and conveyance systems may be in other counties e.g. Lower Nzoia, Greater Bura, etc.

  • Irrigation is a major consumer of water (70% of all use) thus requires national planning.


4 potential in counties contd

4. POTENTIAL IN COUNTIES contd

  • National Irrigation potential is 539,000 ha and 1.3 million ha without and with storage respectively.

  • Only 22% of the without storage & 9% of the with storage potential already developed.

  • Huge potential for development exists.

  • NIB compiling a data base of all potential irrigation projects in each county on basin basis


4 potential in counties1

4. POTENTIAL IN COUNTIES

  • MWI preparing new NWMP, including irrigation.

  • Some counties have no potential unless ground water sources are investigated further.

  • Basin wide approach to irrigation planning recommended by the NIB, at whatever level irrigation development is done.

  • Investments in technology should depend on opportunity cost of water.


5 potential benefits to counties

5.POTENTIAL BENEFITS TO COUNTIES

  • Benefits shall accrue when economies of scale are achieved for each investment (at project and household level)

  • Irrigation schemes can be a major source of revenue for counties (Mwea and Kirinyaga, Bura/Hola and Tana River, Baringo and Perkerra).


6 challenges to development

6. CHALLENGES TO DEVELOPMENT

  • Competition for resources and order in priority list.

  • Inadequate number of professionals with required experience (scope, complexity, exposure).

  • Water resource availability, access & quality.

  • Social and environmental aspects (land)

  • Beneficiary participation


6 challenges to development contd

6. CHALLENGES TO DEVELOPMENT contd

  • Small farm sizes at household level leading to poor economies of scale (sustainability) in some projects.

  • Inapproriate level of infrastructure services e.g. roads, power, e.t.c. otherwise high costs and low prices of produce.

  • Inadequate irrigated agriculture production capacity (farmers and extension officers)

  • Inadequate market support services.


7 opportunities

7. OPPORTUNITIES

  • Immense unutilized irrigation potential, including green houses.

  • Existing high demand for agricultural produce within the country and the region.

  • Adequate (idle) labour.

  • Refocusing on irrigation and water storage investments internationally.

  • Achievement of Vision 2030 targets (industrialisation/socio-economic growth)


7 opportunities contd

7. OPPORTUNITIES contd

  • Parliament passed a motion to develop at least 2,000 acres per constituency.


Thank you for listening and your patience

ThanK you for listening and your patience

THE END


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