No compromise with sin the radicalization of american anti slavery
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No Compromise with Sin: The Radicalization of American Anti-Slavery. I. Brief History American Anti-Slavery. No prob. majority history 18 th : 1) Enlightenment 2) 1 st GA 3) AR By 1810: Dying out N 1810-1830:  Colonization South: examples North: “democracy”.

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No Compromise with Sin: The Radicalization of American Anti-Slavery

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No compromise with sin the radicalization of american anti slavery

No Compromise with Sin: The Radicalization of American Anti-Slavery


I brief history american anti slavery

I. Brief History American Anti-Slavery

  • No prob. majority history

  • 18th: 1) Enlightenment

  • 2) 1st GA

  • 3) AR

  • By 1810: Dying out N

  • 1810-1830:  Colonization

    • South: examples

    • North: “democracy”


Ii william lloyd garrison

II. William Lloyd Garrison

  • 1805: Newbury, MA

    • Come-outer Baptist mother; father alcoholic

  • Printer’s apprentice journalist

  • 1820s: Demon Rum

  • 1828: Ben Lundy (“The Genius”) colonization

  • Millennialism purer Ch’y

  • John Noyes (founder Oneida commune): perfectionism sinfulness = slavery “universal emancipation”:

  • Christian anarchism


Iii radical abolition a house on fire

III. Radical Abolition: A House on Fire

A. Immediatism

  • 1 Jan. 1831: Liberator :“I am in earnest…I will not retreat an inch—and I will be heard.”

  • Slavery:

    • 1) Sin: lie of racial inequality

    • 2) Crime: anti-AR

  • Strategy of conversion + revivalism

  • No compromise w/sin


No compromise with sin the radicalization of american anti slavery

  • 1833 Am Anti-Slavery Society propaganda violence + political suppression

  • Gag rule (1836)

  • 1834-8: mob violence: 1835 WLG symbolically, 1837 Lovejoy actually

  • Change in tactics split gradualists + immediatists


B abolitionism and women s rights

B. Abolitionism and Women’s Rights

  • 1) Non-resistance: no compromise w/sin

  • 2) Women’s rights: auxiliary groups violation Victorian ideals: racial equality fears of miscegenation, political activity

  • Women lecturers: “promiscuous audiences”

  • Catalyst: Angelina + Sarah Grimké lecture tour

  • Division w/in movement: 1) conservatives vs. Garrisonians over women’s rights

  • Even more: 2) 1840s: non-resistance calls for northern secession


Iv proslavery argument

IV. Proslavery Argument

  • Rage over Garrison positive good

  • 1) Aristotle: “mudsill”

  • 2) Bible: Old and New Testament

  • 3) King Cotton: economic determinism

  • 4) Science of racism (multiple creations?)

  • 5) Fiction writers: moonlight + magnolias

  • 6) George Fitzhugh


V fitzhugh and the attack on free society

V. Fitzhugh and the Attack on Free Society

  • Sociology for the South, or The Failure of Free Society (1854); Cannibals All!, or Slaves Without Masters (1857)

  • Slavery = servile labor of any form

    • Chattel slavery kinder than wage: 1st modern welfare state

  • Slavery survive only if capitalist world market destroyed: southern values could not survive competition + bourgeois individualism

    • Writing at same time as Marx in Europe, unclear if F read M


No compromise with sin the radicalization of american anti slavery

  • Free labor class conflict + violence

  • Slavery solves: master class combines interest w/sentiment security for masses (paternalism)

  • Whole world must be all slave or all free

    • Compare Lincoln “House Divided” speech

  • Fitzhugh took argument farthest, but basic ideas common in South


Vi conclusion

VI. Conclusion

  • Heated anti- or pro-slavery sentiment was a minority position before 1850s

  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Bleeding Kansas, John Brown would change that on both sides


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