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World History I. Unit Two Block Six Lecture Ancient Egyptian Civilization (social and cultural developments).

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World History I

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World History I

Unit Two Block SixLecture

Ancient Egyptian Civilization (social and cultural developments)

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The Pharaohs

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  • Rulers in Egypt inherit their right to rule simply by being born into the ruling family

    • The rulers in Egypt are called Pharaohs (literally translated as “great house”)

    • Pharaohs are very powerful because they have both political and religious authority (they are considered gods among the people of Egypt)

    • This power is extended to priests and both religion and government are one in the same.

Ancient Egyptian Government

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  • The Pharaohs combine their power into one central government.

  • The government is located in one place and ruled from the top down

  • This allows for things like developing relationships with local civilizations such as the Nubians

The Egyptian class system

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Polytheism and Ancient Egyptian construction

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  • Polytheism is the worshiping of many gods.

  • Pyramids and obelisks are built for religious purposes and as and memorials to the Pharaohs.

Reading and writing

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  • The Egyptians develop hieroglyphics. Glyphs are symbols that show a word or letter.

  • The “book of the dead” is the world’s first instruction manual (dealing with the dead).

Science and medicine

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  • The Egyptian Calendar is one of the first attempts to keep track of time on a larger scale.

  • Egyptian medicine is an early form of scientific treatment (it works so well that some of their techniques are adopted in the Renaissance).

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