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World History I. Unit Two Block Six Lecture Ancient Egyptian Civilization (social and cultural developments).

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World history i

World History I

Unit Two Block SixLecture

Ancient Egyptian Civilization (social and cultural developments)


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The pharaohs
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  • Rulers in Egypt inherit their right to rule simply by being born into the ruling family

    • The rulers in Egypt are called Pharaohs (literally translated as “great house”)

    • Pharaohs are very powerful because they have both political and religious authority (they are considered gods among the people of Egypt)

    • This power is extended to priests and both religion and government are one in the same.


Ancient egyptian government
Ancient Egyptian Government format. Click on “Slide Show” and push “from beginning”. Move through the presentation by pushing on the “up” and “down” arrows” on your keyboard

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  • The Pharaohs combine their power into one central government.

  • The government is located in one place and ruled from the top down

  • This allows for things like developing relationships with local civilizations such as the Nubians


The egyptian class system
The Egyptian class system format. Click on “Slide Show” and push “from beginning”. Move through the presentation by pushing on the “up” and “down” arrows” on your keyboard

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Polytheism and ancient egyptian construction
Polytheism and Ancient Egyptian construction format. Click on “Slide Show” and push “from beginning”. Move through the presentation by pushing on the “up” and “down” arrows” on your keyboard

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  • Polytheism is the worshiping of many gods.

  • Pyramids and obelisks are built for religious purposes and as and memorials to the Pharaohs.


Reading and writing
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  • The Egyptians develop hieroglyphics. Glyphs are symbols that show a word or letter.

  • The “book of the dead” is the world’s first instruction manual (dealing with the dead).


Science and medicine
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  • The Egyptian Calendar is one of the first attempts to keep track of time on a larger scale.

  • Egyptian medicine is an early form of scientific treatment (it works so well that some of their techniques are adopted in the Renaissance).


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