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WHERE ARE WE WITH BIOFUELS? OCTOBER 2011 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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WHERE ARE WE WITH BIOFUELS? OCTOBER 2011. Just the facts. Around 10% of fuel Total transport fuel use in 2008 was over 2 billion tonnes. Of that, commercial aviation used 215 million tonnes of Jet A-1. 2% of emissions

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WHERE ARE WE WITH BIOFUELS? OCTOBER 2011

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WHERE ARE WE WITH BIOFUELS?

OCTOBER 2011


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Just the facts

Around 10% of fuel

Total transport fuel use in 2008 was over 2 billion tonnes. Of that, commercial aviation used 215 million tonnes of Jet A-1.

2% of emissions

Last year, aviation emitted 649 million tonnes of CO2 from a global total of 34 billion tonnes.

Distribution points

There are 161,768 gas stations in the USA alone, but only 1,679 airports control 95% of the world’s passengers.

Largest operating cost

Last year, airlines spent $140 billion on jet fuel, or 30% of operating costs. In 2003, it was 14%.


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Air NZ

Test flight

JAL

Test flight

20 June 2011

First biofuel flight

with passengers

Continental

Test flight

23 Feb 2008

First commercial

airliner test flight

1 Jul 2011

Approval 50% blend

HRJ use in flights

KLM

Test flight

TAM

Test flight

Late 2009

Approval 50% blend

BtL use in flights

Interjet

Test flight

We’ve come a long way…

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012


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Passenger flights are taking place


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Next steps

Continued technology development

Feedstocks (crop-based, waste-based and algae)

Processes (e.g. alcohol-to-jet and pyrolysis)

Commercialisation

Bringing biojet to parity with using conventional Jet A-1

Sustainability

Ensuring our supply of biofuel is truly sustainable


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Global efforts

Solena project / SAS

SeaGreen @ Cranfield University

Solena project / British Airways

Flightpath for biofuels

Aireg / German PureSky

Spanish Camelina value chain

Algae production trial @ MAD

Romania camelina value chain

Policy projects / Research projects / Biofuels production / Value chain and production


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Global efforts

Detroit Airport biofuel production

Sustainable Aviation Fuels Northwest

Solena project with 10 US airlines

Farm to Fly

Plan de Vuelo in Mexico

Jatropha value chain project

ABRABA in Brazil


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Global efforts

LanzaTech and Virgin Atlantic

Sustainable bioenergy research centre

Qatar Advanced Biofuel Platform

Chinese sustainable aviation study with PetroChina

Joint Laboratory for Sustainable Aviation Biofuels


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Global efforts

Virgin Blue initiative to develop biofuel from native eucalyptus

Sustainable Aviation Fuels Roadmap (Aust. and NZ)

Solena and Qantas BtL plant


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Camelina

  • High-yield oil plant

  • Can be grown in rotation with wheat / corn crops

  • Replaces nutrients and increases yields for food crops

  • Sustainable Aviation Fuels Northwest project working on camelina among other feedstocks


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SeaGreen

  • Cranfield University research programme to produce algae using sea water

  • Supported by British Airways, Rolls-Royce and Airbus

  • Algae potentially very important part of biofuel mix, requires more research


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Solena

  • Solena process = municipal waste converted to jet fuel

  • British Airways, SAS, Qantas, Alitalia and 10 US Airlines

  • 500,000 tonnes of waste into 16 million gallons of jet fuel in each plant

  • First plant ready in 2014


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LanzaTech

  • Turns CO emissions from industrial processes into jet fuel via alcohol-to-jet process

  • Signed first agreement with Virgin Atlantic, assisted by Boeing

  • Certification and first flights in the next 2-3 years


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Global efforts

Sustainable Aviation Fuels User Group (SAFUG)


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Quick win

  • Aviation is the perfect opportunity to partially de-carbonise a sector:

    • Fuel is already highly-controlled

    • Limited distribution system (1,700 airports = 95% of traffic)

    • Customers keen to shift to low-carbon fuels

    • Drop-in fuels mean no change in equipment

    • High-profile


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Governments need to help:

Establish global sustainability criteria

Provide incentives

Understand local opportunities

De-risk investments

Support supply chain collaboration

Foster research


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WHERE ARE WE WITH BIOFUELS?

OCTOBER 2011

17


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