the albania mine action programme
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
THE ALBANIA MINE ACTION PROGRAMME

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

THE ALBANIA MINE ACTION PROGRAMME - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 86 Views
  • Uploaded on

THE ALBANIA MINE ACTION PROGRAMME. “ ALBANIA FREE FROM THE EFFECT OF MINES AND UXO BY 2005”. MINE CONTAMINATED AREAS. The threat emanates from the Kosovo conflict: 120 km border 57 identified areas 15,250,000 m2 The Threat: AP and AT mines laid by fRY forces

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' THE ALBANIA MINE ACTION PROGRAMME' - maura


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
the albania mine action programme

THE ALBANIA MINE ACTION PROGRAMME

“ALBANIA FREE FROM THE EFFECT OF MINES AND UXO BY 2005”

mine contaminated areas
MINE CONTAMINATED AREAS
  • The threat emanates from the Kosovo conflict:
    • 120 km border
    • 57 identified areas
    • 15,250,000 m2
  • The Threat:
    • AP and AT mines laid by fRY forces
    • UXO and sub-munitions, including NATO
  • No records of minefields available to Albania
  • None of this has been caused by Albania, AAF were requested by NATO not to get involved in the conflict
socio economic impact
SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT
  • The population of the Kukes prefecture, almost 120,000 of which 75% are rural, are the poorest in Albania, if not in Europe
  • 39 villages directly affected
  • Average size of farms are 1.5 ha
  • Main activities are: grazing, farming, gathering firewood, and other subsistence livelihoods.
  • Land pressure is exacerbated by 75% mountainous terrain and mines
  • 27 people killed and 216 injured
security impact
SECURITY IMPACT

A grave consequence of the mines is the added difficulty of patrolling the Albania/Kosovo border, where trafficking, and other crimes, take place on a cross-border basis:

  • 13 police officers have already been wounded or killed by mines and UXO in the execution of their duties.
  • Patrolling is almost impossible as it takes 1 to 2 hours to respond to a border incident due to mines and unexploded ordnance contamination. This is a weak point regarding integrated border management in SEE
  • The criminals have identified and cleared lanes through minefields, through which they pass unfettered to and from Kosovo, while police can not respond effectively
albanian response
ALBANIAN RESPONSE
  • Surface clearance, which drastically reduced civilian casualties (no areas certified cleared to humanitarian standards though)
  • Level 1 Survey, total border area indicated to be contaminated – had to be redone employing impact survey methodology
  • Ratification of all relevant international treaties
  • Adoption of international humanitarian mine action standards
  • Establishment of a national humanitarian mine action structure: AMAC and AMAE
  • Advocacy for demining and funding by ICRC
policy strategy and advocacy progress 2002 planning 2003
POLICY, STRATEGY AND ADVOCACY – PROGRESS 2002 & PLANNING 2003
  • Progress 2002:
    • National work shop June 2002, formulating vision, mission, priorities and 3-yr plan:
      • Vision - Albania free from mines and unexploded ordnance by 2010
      • Mission - Develop and implement a sustainable mine action programme in order to eliminate the effect of mines and unexploded ordnance in North-east Albania by 2005
    • Drafted MA Law
    • Stockpile Destruction Programme concluded, last APM of 1,683,860, was demilitarised on 4 April 2002
  • Planning 2003:
    • Regularise activities of AMAC
    • Ratification of MA Law, MA plan and priorities
    • Formulation and ratification of comprehensive MA Policy
    • Pass legislation in terms of Ottawa Treaty Art 9
    • Obligations ito Art 5 (1) to be achieved by 2010
capacity building progress 2002
CAPACITY BUILDING – PROGRESS 2002
  • UNDP 2-year capacity building programme commenced April 2002, funded for 1 yr by UNDP and DFID
  • Assisted AMAC with policy, strategy, legal structure and priorities of MA
  • Facilitated National Mine Action Planning
  • Established regional office with EU and ITF assistance
  • Established fully functional AMAE, including an integral QM Section
  • Drafted AMAE Tech & Safety Standards
  • Resource mobilisation
capacity building planning 2003
CAPACITY BUILDING – PLANNING 2003
  • Appointment of Swiss in-kind Ops Advisor, May 2003
  • Evaluate and revise TSS’s
  • Optimise Ops/IMSMA integration
  • In-service training of QM Team
  • Assist AMAE with Impact Survey, Tech Survey, clearance and training standards
  • Assist with QC tasks
  • Capacity building of AAF for humanitarian demining
  • Management trg of AMAE staff, incl middle management trg, exchange and study tours
  • Assist with resource mobilisation
demining progress 2002
DEMINING – PROGRESS 2002
  • DCA-ACT and FSD deployed for demining, mostly with EU, ITF and German funding.
  • ICRC and ARC assisted actively in creating an atmosphere conducive to demining.
  • Most impact surveys accurately redone and technical surveys initiated, by end of 2002, with internal resources.
  • With increased coordination and more efficient utilisation of demining assets, more than 7,000,000 m2 of formerly contaminated land released through survey and clearance during 2002.
demining planning 2003
DEMINING – PLANNING 2003
  • 5 Manual Tech Survey Teams
  • 2 - 3 Mini Flails
  • 2 MDDT’s.
  • 8 manual demining teams.
  • Complete Impact Surveys – release further 1,990,000 m2
  • Complete 86% of Technical Surveys – release further 1,496,000 m2
  • Clear 350,000 m2, 61% completed
imsma progress 2002 planning 2003
IMSMA – PROGRESS 2002 & PLANNING 2003
  • Progress 2002:
    • Fully functional IMSMA Cell and database established with ITF support
    • Database populated up to date
    • Albania maps georeferenced with EU and ITF support
  • Planning 2003:
    • Full integration of Ops/IMSMA
    • Appointment of IT Chief and database management training
    • Implement IMSMA TSS
    • Convert to IMSMA Vers 3 and Albanian format
mine awareness progress 2002 and planning 2003
MINE AWARENESS - PROGRESS 2002 AND PLANNING 2003
  • Most communities reached, but people were still dying
  • Strategy revised in the fall of 2002
  • Target groups readjusted: focus on economically active group 15-30 and remote villages
  • Raise awareness of MA problem nationally and internationally
  • Integrated structure:
    • AMAE – Coordination
    • UNICEF – Standards and funding
    • ICRC – Advocating and funding
    • ARC – Focal point and facilitating
    • VMA (LNGO) – Manage grassroots liaison
    • MCO’s – Limited implementation
    • AMC’s – Grassroots community liaison, implementation
victim assistance progress
VICTIM ASSISTANCE - PROGRESS
  • Tirana Orthopaedic Centre upgraded and operated by Government with EU and HI support
  • 10 Prostheses technicians trained with Italian and ITF support
  • 147 victims treated and prostheses fitted in Albania with ICRC assistance
  • 62 victims received advanced treatment and fitment of prostheses at Slovenian Rehabilitation Institute with ITF assistance
  • 12 victims assisted by ICRC to set up small enterprises
  • Several laws now afford the disabled special privileges
  • Monthly disability pension recently increased
victim assistance planning
VICTIM ASSISTANCE - PLANNING
  • Implement victim assistance strategy
  • Treatment of 30 Pri 1 and 3 sight impaired victims p/a abroad for 3 yrs
  • Provision of raw materials to Tirana Orthopedic Centre
  • Training of 3 doctors from NE Albania in advanced surgical procedures over 3 yrs
  • Improving surgical facilities in NE Albania
  • Training of 6 orthopedic technicians
  • Treatment of 50 Pri 2 victims in Albania p/a
  • Micro-finance to assist with reintegration of victims
  • Sustainable Albanian victim assistance capacity by 2005
transition strategy
TRANSITION STRATEGY
  • Government responsibility to be phased in by 2004-2005
  • After 2005 – much reduced MA programme:
    • Leaner structure
    • Only low impact areas left to demine
  • Albanian capacity for demining and victim assistance fully established
  • Mine awareness objectives mostly reached
  • Solid resource mobilisation base established
funding
FUNDING
  • Previous and current donors include UNDP, EU, DFID, ITF, Canadian, Danish, German, Swiss and US Governments. Total budget 2002 $
  • EU adopted resolution to fund MA in Albania “as far as possible” from CARDS programme.
  • Of the $4,74m budget for 2003, $1.556m has already been funded, leaving a shortfall of $3.254m.
  • Albania received promising indications of further EU and ITF funding.
conclusions
CONCLUSIONS
  • There is a significant mines and UXO threat in NE Albania
  • There is increased awareness and commitment to solve problem
  • 2002 was the turning point for the Albania MA program
  • 2003 is a crucial year for the program
  • The focus will be on:
    • Accurately determining the extent of the mines and UXO problem (TS)
    • Initiating the transition strategy
  • Albania can set the pace in the region on issues such as stockpile destruction
  • Albania can be rendered free from the effect of mines and UXO by 2005 with a reasonable budget.
ad