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Down Syndrome. Stefani Holt Period 5 Honors Biology 2002. Signs and Symptoms of the Disease. Decreased muscle tone at birth Odd-shaped skull~~round head with flat area at the back of the head~~small skull Slanting eyes~~unusual for ethnic group Small mouth with protruding tongue

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Down Syndrome

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Down syndrome l.jpg

Down Syndrome

Stefani Holt

Period 5

Honors Biology 2002


Signs and symptoms of the disease l.jpg

Signs and Symptoms of the Disease

  • Decreased muscle tone at birth

  • Odd-shaped skull~~round head with flat area at the back of the head~~small skull

  • Slanting eyes~~unusual for ethnic group

  • Small mouth with protruding tongue

  • Broad short hands

  • Single crease on the palm

  • Retarded growth and development

  • Delayed mental and social skills

  • Abnormality of the colored part of the eye


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Signs and Symptoms Continued

  • Heart murmur may be revealed

  • Inability at birth to pass tube from the nose into the stomach~~obstruction of the esophagus

  • Massive vomiting


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Inheritance and Incidence

  • The incidence of Down syndrome is sporadic but there is a small risk of reoccurrence in further pregnancies.

  • It is also related to maternal age.

  • Though the majority of children with Down syndrome are born to young mothers the risk is higher the older the mother is.

  • 3-4% of the time the mother may have a translocation of chromosome 21.


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Testing and Screening

  • There is no specific treatment for Down Syndrome.

  • Special education is available in most places for mentally handicapped.

  • Surgical correction may be required.

  • Screening is required for some visual problems and hearing loss.


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Therapies for the disease

  • There are no therapies for Down syndrome right now but they are trying to find some.


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Ethical Consideration

  • The screening and testing for Down syndrome is not a bad thing. There isn’t much testing and what they do have is nothing bad that may harm the person in any way.


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Webliography

  • Htpp://content.health.msn.com

  • www.cafamily.org

  • www.yahoo.com


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