An introduction to information systems in organizations
Download
1 / 45

An Introduction to Information Systems in Organizations - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 171 Views
  • Updated On :

An Introduction to Information Systems in Organizations. Chapter 1. Principles and Learning Objectives. The value of information is directly linked to how it helps decision makers achieve the organization’s goals.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'An Introduction to Information Systems in Organizations' - mauli


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
An introduction to information systems in organizations l.jpg

An Introduction to Information Systems in Organizations

Chapter 1

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Principles and learning objectives l.jpg
Principles and Learning Objectives

  • The value of information is directly linked to how it helps decision makers achieve the organization’s goals.

    • Distinguish data from information and describe the characteristics used to evaluate the quality of data.

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Principles and learning objectives3 l.jpg
Principles and Learning Objectives

  • Knowing the potential impact of information systems and having the ability to put this knowledge to work can result in a successful personal career, organizations that reach their goals, and a society with a higher quality of life.

    • Identify the basic types of business information systems and discuss who uses them, how they are used, and what kinds of benefits they deliver.

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Principles and learning objectives4 l.jpg
Principles and Learning Objectives

  • System users, business managers, and information systems professionals must work together to build a successful information system.

    • Identify the major steps of the systems development process and state the goal of each.

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Principles and learning objectives5 l.jpg
Principles and Learning Objectives

  • The use of information systems to add value to the organization can also give an organization a competitive advantage.

    • Identify the value-added processes in the supply chain and describe the role of information systems within them.

    • Identify some of the strategies employed to lower costs or improve service.

    • Define the term competitive advantage and discuss how organizations are using information systems to gain such an advantage.

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Principles and learning objectives6 l.jpg
Principles and Learning Objectives

  • Information systems personnel are the key to unlocking the potential of any new or modified system.

    • Define the types of roles, functions, and careers available in information systems.

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Information concepts l.jpg

Information Concepts

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Information system l.jpg
Information System

  • A set of interrelated components that collect, manipulate & disseminate data & information & provide feedback to meet an objective.

  • Examples: ATMs; airline reservation systems; course reservation systems

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Data vs information l.jpg
Data vs. Information

  • Data: raw facts

  • Information: collection of facts organized in such a way that they have value beyond the facts themselves

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


The process of transforming data into information l.jpg
The Process of Transforming Data into Information

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Characteristics of valuable information l.jpg
Characteristics of Valuable Information

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


The components of an information system l.jpg
The Components of an Information System

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Computer based information systems cbis l.jpg

Computer-Based Information Systems (CBIS)

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Components of a cbis l.jpg
Components of a CBIS

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Components of a cbis15 l.jpg
Components of a CBIS

  • Hardware - computer equipment used to perform input, processing, and output activities.

  • Software - computer programs that govern the operation of the computer.

  • Database - an organized collection of facts and information, typically consisting of two or more related data files.

  • People - the most important element in most computer-based information systems.

  • Procedures - include the strategies, policies, methods, and rules for using the CBIS.

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Telecommunications network and the internet l.jpg
Telecommunications, Network, and the Internet

  • Telecommunications - the electronic transmission of signals for communications.

  • Networks - used to connect computers and computer equipment in a building, around the country, or around the world to enable electronic communications.

  • Internet - the world’s largest computer network, actually consisting of thousands of interconnected networks

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Business information systems l.jpg

Business Information Systems

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Business information systems18 l.jpg
Business Information Systems

  • Electronic Commerce

  • Transaction Processing Systems and ERP

  • Information and Decision Support Systems

  • Special-Purpose Business Information Systems: Artificial Intelligence, Expert Systems, and Virtual Reality

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


E commerce l.jpg
E-Commerce

  • Business-to-business

  • Business-to-consumer

  • Consumer-to-consumer

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


E commerce greatly simplifies the purchasing process l.jpg
E-Commerce Greatly Simplifies the Purchasing Process

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Transaction processing systems and erp l.jpg
Transaction Processing Systems and ERP

  • Transaction processing system (TPS) - an organized collection of people, procedures, software, databases, and devices used to record completed business transactions.

  • Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) System - a set of integrated programs capable of managing a company’s vital business operations for an entire multisite, global organization.

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


A payroll transaction processing system l.jpg
A Payroll Transaction Processing System

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Functional management information systems draw data from the organization s tps l.jpg
Functional Management Information Systems Draw Data from the Organization’s TPS

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Decision support systems dss l.jpg
Decision Support Systems (DSS) Organization’s TPS

An organized collection of people, procedures, software, databases, and devices used to support problem-specific decision making.

  • The focus of a DSS is on decision-making effectiveness.

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Essential dss elements l.jpg
Essential DSS Elements Organization’s TPS

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Special purpose business information systems l.jpg
Special-Purpose Business Information Systems Organization’s TPS

  • Artificial intelligence (AI) systems

  • Virtual reality systems

  • Expert systems

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


The major elements of artificial intelligence l.jpg
The Major Elements of Artificial Intelligence Organization’s TPS

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


A head mounted display l.jpg
A Head-Mounted Display Organization’s TPS

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Data glove l.jpg
Data Glove Organization’s TPS

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Systems development l.jpg
Systems Development Organization’s TPS

The activity of creating or modifying existing business systems.

  • Systems Investigation

  • Systems Analysis

  • Systems Design

  • Systems Implementation

  • Systems Maintenance and Review

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Organizations and information systems l.jpg

Organizations and Information Systems Organization’s TPS

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


A general model of an organization l.jpg
A General Model of an Organization Organization’s TPS

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


The value chain of a manufacturing company l.jpg
The Value Chain of a Manufacturing Company Organization’s TPS

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Technology diffusion infusion and acceptance l.jpg
Technology Diffusion, Infusion, and Acceptance Organization’s TPS

  • Technology Diffusion - a measure of how widely technology is spread throughout an organization.

  • Technology Infusion - is the extent to which technology permeates an area or department.

  • Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) - specifies the factors that can lead to higher acceptance and usage of technology in an organization

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Competitive advantage l.jpg
Competitive Advantage Organization’s TPS

A significant and (ideally) long-term benefit to a company over its competition.

  • Factors That Lead Firms to Seek Competitive Advantage

    • Rivalry among Existing Competitors

    • Threat of New Entrants

    • Threat of Substitute Products and Services

    • Bargaining Power of Customers and Suppliers

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Strategic planning for competitive advantage l.jpg
Strategic Planning for Competitive Advantage Organization’s TPS

  • Altering the Industry Structure

  • Creating New Products and Services

  • Improving Existing Product Lines and Services

  • Using Information Systems for Strategic Purposes

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Competitive advantage factors and strategies l.jpg
Competitive Advantage Factors and Strategies Organization’s TPS

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Performance based information systems l.jpg
Performance-Based Information Systems Organization’s TPS

  • Productivity

  • Quality

  • Return on Investment and the Value of Information Systems

    • Earnings Growth

    • Market Share

    • Customer Awareness and Satisfaction

    • Total Cost of Ownership

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Three stages in the business use of is l.jpg
Three Stages in the Business Use of IS Organization’s TPS

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


The 10 best places to work for is l.jpg
The 10 Best Places to Work for IS Organization’s TPS

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Roles functions and careers in the information systems department l.jpg
Roles, Functions, and Careers in the Information Systems Department

  • Operations

  • Systems Development

  • Support

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


The three primary responsibilities of information systems l.jpg
The Three Primary Responsibilities of Information Systems Department

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Typical is titles and functions l.jpg
Typical IS Titles and Functions Department

  • The Chief Information Officer

  • LAN Administrators

  • Internet Careers

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Why learn about information systems l.jpg
Why Learn About Information Systems? Department

  • Advance in your career

  • Solve problems

  • Realize opportunities

  • Meet your career goals

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


Summary l.jpg
Summary Department

  • Data - raw facts

  • Information - data transformed into a meaningful form

  • Systems development - creating or modifying existing business systems

  • Organization - a formal collection of people and various other resources established to accomplish a set of goals

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition


ad