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Learning To Use New Testament Greek. Lesson XI. ajgro;V, oJ. field agrarian. dou:loV, oJ. servant, slave. qa;natoV, oJ. death thanatology – study of death. li;qoV, oJ. stone lithography. uiJoV, oJ. son. e[rgon, to;. work erg = unit of work ergonomic. eujalle’lion, to;. gospel

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Learning To Use New Testament Greek

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Learning to use new testament greek

Learning To Use New Testament Greek

Lesson XI

Ajgro v oj

ajgro;V, oJ



Dou lov oj

dou:loV, oJ

servant, slave

Qa natov oj

qa;natoV, oJ


thanatology – study of death

Li qov oj

li;qoV, oJ



Uijov oj

uiJoV, oJ


E rgon to

e[rgon, to;


erg = unit of work


Eujalle lion to

eujalle’lion, to;



Teknon to

teknon, to;


E rhmov hj

e[rhmoV, hJ

wilderness, desert


Ojdov hj

oJdoV, hJ

road, way


Ginw skw


I know


Lamba nw


I take, I receive

Fe rw


I bring, I bear

Christopher – bearer of Christ

Learning to use new testament greek


now, but

Nouns of the 2 nd declension

Nouns (of the 2nd declension)

  • names person, place, thing, quality or idea

  • John 1 “12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name: 13 who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.”

    • blood is a noun

    • Greek aimatwn (Plural genitive noun)

      • English – mass noun (e.g. sugar)

      • Literally “bloods”

    • Indicates family lineage

Distinctive features of a noun

Distinctive Features Of A Noun

  • Case

    • Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, **Vocative**

  • Gender

    • Masculine, Feminine, neuter

  • Number

    • Singular, plural

  • In Greek: Declensions

    • 1st, 2nd, 3rd (Refers to a group)

Learning to use new testament greek


  • Has to do with the function of the noun as it relates to the verb or to other parts of a sentence (Essentials Of New Testament Greek by Ray Summers)

    • Paul sent the churches a letter.

    • The churched sent Paul a letter.

      • English – subject + verb + IO + DO

      • Greek – word order not as critical to determine the subject of the sentence.

        • will be known by its ending



  • Men see apostles.

    • blepou;si a[nqrwpoi ajpo;stolouV.

  • The wisdom of men.

    2. ejdw:ken a[nqrwpoiV doma;ta.

  • Apostles see men.

    3. a[nqrwpous blepou;si ajpo;stoloi.

Nominative case

Nominative Case

  • Indicates subject of the sentence.

  • Naming case

  • E.g. John saw Jesus coming to him.

  • oV, oi

Genitive case

Genitive Case

  • The case which describes.

  • It specifies or qualifies.

  • Often thought of as the case of possession.

  • Often translated with use of word “of”.

  • E.g. The disciples of John fasted.

Dative case

Dative Case

  • Case which points out the person to, or for, whom something is done.

  • Most often associated with the indirect object.

  • Often translated with word “to” or “for”.

  • E.g. Jesus was speaking words of truth to the crowd.

Accusative case

Accusative Case

  • “Receives” the action of the verb or that which is directly affected by the action of the verb.

  • Known as the direct object.

  • Relative to the verb, it answers the question “what?”

  • E.g. Jesus was speaking words of truth to the crowd.

Vocative case

Vocative Case

  • Not widely used

  • The case of direct address

  • E.g. Lord have mercy on us.



  • Method of classification.

  • Types: Masculine, Feminine, Neuter

  • English – Nouns classified on basis of natural gender.

  • Greek – generally follows natural gender w/ living things.

  • Things, qualities, ideas are not necessarily neuter

  • Recognizing gender is important.

Endings for nouns of 2 nd declension

Endings for Nouns of 2nd Declension



  • a, an, the

  • noun marker or determiner

  • an adjective

  • “the” is definite – points to a specific thing

  • “a” or “an” is indefinite – general information

  • Greek has no indefinite article



anqrwpoV blepei apostolon.

A man sees an apostle.

oJ anqrwpos blepei ton apostolon.

The man sees the apostle.

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