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Learning To Use New Testament Greek. Lesson XI. ajgro;V, oJ. field agrarian. dou:loV, oJ. servant, slave. qa;natoV, oJ. death thanatology – study of death. li;qoV, oJ. stone lithography. uiJoV, oJ. son. e[rgon, to;. work erg = unit of work ergonomic. eujalle’lion, to;. gospel

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ajgro v oj
ajgro;V, oJ

field

agrarian

dou lov oj
dou:loV, oJ

servant, slave

qa natov oj
qa;natoV, oJ

death

thanatology – study of death

li qov oj
li;qoV, oJ

stone

lithography

e rgon to
e[rgon, to;

work

erg = unit of work

ergonomic

eujalle lion to
eujalle’lion, to;

gospel

evangelical

e rhmov hj
e[rhmoV, hJ

wilderness, desert

hermit

ojdov hj
oJdoV, hJ

road, way

odometer

ginw skw
ginw;skw

I know

Gnostic

lamba nw
lamba;nw

I take, I receive

fe rw
fe;rw

I bring, I bear

Christopher – bearer of Christ

slide15
de;

now, but

nouns of the 2 nd declension
Nouns (of the 2nd declension)
  • names person, place, thing, quality or idea
  • John 1 “12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name: 13 who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.”
    • blood is a noun
    • Greek aimatwn (Plural genitive noun)
      • English – mass noun (e.g. sugar)
      • Literally “bloods”
    • Indicates family lineage
distinctive features of a noun
Distinctive Features Of A Noun
  • Case
    • Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, **Vocative**
  • Gender
    • Masculine, Feminine, neuter
  • Number
    • Singular, plural
  • In Greek: Declensions
    • 1st, 2nd, 3rd (Refers to a group)
slide18
Case
  • Has to do with the function of the noun as it relates to the verb or to other parts of a sentence (Essentials Of New Testament Greek by Ray Summers)
    • Paul sent the churches a letter.
    • The churched sent Paul a letter.
      • English – subject + verb + IO + DO
      • Greek – word order not as critical to determine the subject of the sentence.
        • will be known by its ending
examples
Examples
  • Men see apostles.
    • blepou;si a[nqrwpoi ajpo;stolouV.
  • The wisdom of men.

2. ejdw:ken a[nqrwpoiV doma;ta.

  • Apostles see men.

3. a[nqrwpous blepou;si ajpo;stoloi.

nominative case
Nominative Case
  • Indicates subject of the sentence.
  • Naming case
  • E.g. John saw Jesus coming to him.
  • oV, oi
genitive case
Genitive Case
  • The case which describes.
  • It specifies or qualifies.
  • Often thought of as the case of possession.
  • Often translated with use of word “of”.
  • E.g. The disciples of John fasted.
dative case
Dative Case
  • Case which points out the person to, or for, whom something is done.
  • Most often associated with the indirect object.
  • Often translated with word “to” or “for”.
  • E.g. Jesus was speaking words of truth to the crowd.
accusative case
Accusative Case
  • “Receives” the action of the verb or that which is directly affected by the action of the verb.
  • Known as the direct object.
  • Relative to the verb, it answers the question “what?”
  • E.g. Jesus was speaking words of truth to the crowd.
vocative case
Vocative Case
  • Not widely used
  • The case of direct address
  • E.g. Lord have mercy on us.
gender
Gender
  • Method of classification.
  • Types: Masculine, Feminine, Neuter
  • English – Nouns classified on basis of natural gender.
  • Greek – generally follows natural gender w/ living things.
  • Things, qualities, ideas are not necessarily neuter
  • Recognizing gender is important.
articles
Articles
  • a, an, the
  • noun marker or determiner
  • an adjective
  • “the” is definite – points to a specific thing
  • “a” or “an” is indefinite – general information
  • Greek has no indefinite article
articles1
Articles

anqrwpoV blepei apostolon.

A man sees an apostle.

oJ anqrwpos blepei ton apostolon.

The man sees the apostle.

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