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Industrial Revolution. A Change in the Culture. The first half of the 19 th Century most Americans were farmers or shopkeepers. In the second half of the 19 th Century as new industries grew, more people began to work in factories. Working Conditions.

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Industrial Revolution

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Industrial revolution

Industrial Revolution

A change in the culture

A Change in the Culture

  • The first half of the 19th Century most Americans were farmers or shopkeepers.

  • In the second half of the 19th Century as new industries grew, more people began to work in factories.

Working conditions

Working Conditions

  • Factories were hot, sweaty, unpleasant locations.

  • Children worked in many factories.

  • Working conditions were often unsafe.

  • The conditions brought about the rise of labor unions.

Andrew carnegie

Andrew Carnegie

  • Began a business that built iron bridges.

  • Found an inexpensive method of converting iron into steel.

Carnegie castle

Carnegie Castle

What wealth will buy you

Monopolies began

Monopolies Began

  • Carnegie bought mining and railroad companies and combined them into one large corporation.

  • He tried to eliminate competition by purchasing other oil refining companies.

  • Became known as monopolies since they had little or no competition.

Edwin drake

Edwin Drake

  • Drilled the first oil well near Titusville, Pennsylvania.

  • Oil became known as “Black Gold”

  • People flocked to Titusville to try and strike it rich.

John d rockefeller

John D. Rockefeller

  • Founded the Standard Oil Company of Ohio.

  • Purpose was to refine crude petroleum into usable oil

  • Standard Oil became the most powerful company in the oil business

Rockefeller s legacy

Rockefeller’s Legacy

Rockefeller Center

New York City

Rockefeller Center

Skating Rink

Early oil companies

Early Oil Companies

  • Refined kerosene for lamps

  • Later produced gasoline to be used in cars.



  • Following the Civil War, companies were growing.

  • These large companies became corporations.

  • They were owned by many investors.

  • Investors would buy stock in the corporation and earn money from their investments.

Fortune makers

Fortune Makers

  • Cornelius Vanderbilt and James J. Hill made fortunes by building and running railroads.

  • Railroads were important for many industries, especially the meat-packing industry.

Cornelius Vanderbilt

James J. Hill



  • Many inventions changed people’s lives during this period.

Thomas edison

Thomas Edison

  • Electric light bulb

  • Phonograph

Alexander graham bell

Alexander Graham Bell

  • Telephone

George eastman

George Eastman

  • Kodak Camera

Henry ford

Henry Ford

  • Gasoline-powered engines

  • Ford Cars.

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