CRIME AND JUSTICE IN AMERICA. Crime in America Defining crime How much crime is there? Criminal victimization Crime and justice as public policy issues. Crime in America. Crime in American History and trends in the level of crime Crime in America compared to other industrialized countries.
• Politically powerful groups influence the content of criminal law.
• “Mala prohibita” offenses are prohibited by government but not wrong in themselves. (Cf. “mala in se” – wrong in themselves).
• Harsh penalties are sometimes enforced on the poor or disadvantaged while the powerful are given lighter sentences.
- For the benefit of the employing organization.
- Through the exercise of government authority.
- Professional crimes by doctors, lawyers or stockbrokers.
- Employee theft, false claims or embezzlement.
Offenses involving a willing and private exchange of illegal goods and services that are in strong demand. Participants do not feel they are being harmed, but these crimes are prosecuted on the ground that society as a whole is injured. Includes activities such as:
VIOLENT CRIMENON-VIOLENT CRIME
*Motor vehicle theft
Assault (aggravated and simple)
Larceny (personal and household)
Motor vehicle theft
Scope - Both reported and
unreported to police. Nation
as a whole.
Collection Method -
Kinds of Information-
Details about victims and
crimes - reported and unreported. Use of weapons,
injuries, economic effects.
Sponsor - Bureau of
Scope - Crimes reported to
the police in most jurisdictions
Collection Method - Police
departments and FBI
Kinds of Information - Offense
counts; crime clearances; persons
arrested, persons charged;
officers killed, characteristics
of homicide victims.
Sponsor - FBI
Crime in General
Where Does Crime Take Place?
Module 2 - 11