The Industry-University Cooperative Research Program ( IUCRP ). University of California 1996 – 2010 Lovell Jarvis University of California, Davis. Introduction
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The Industry-University Cooperative Research Program (IUCRP)
University of California
1996 – 2010
University of California, Davis
The University of California (UC) has long recognized the value of encouraging and facilitating the development of intellectual property by its faculty, staff and students.
To further encourage the development of intellectual property, UC implemented a new initiative in 1996.
The Industry-University Cooperative Research Program (IUCRP), provided incentives for UC researchers and California industry to collaborate directly in the development of knowledge and its subsequent commercial application.
Change attitudes – induce researchers to think how to commercialize scientific and technological advances
Working with industry is academically and socially beneficial
Industry financed research can be of the highest scientific standard
Encourage industry to look to academics to help solve important practical problems
The State of California and UC offered matching funds through a competitive process to researchers and firms who presented a joint project for funding.
Projects ranged from about $25,000 to $6 million, and involved small start-ups with only a few employees and a single UC researcher and also consortia of major US corporations who participated with a large number of UC researchers.
Proposals were accepted for research in 8 high tech disciplinary areas. Research proposals had to include at least one UC researcher and one California firm.
Funding could be requested for one to three years.
The IUCRP program budget grew to $20 million in matching funds annually, with $17 million from the State of California and $3 million from UC.
On average, every dollar invested by IUCRP in UC research attracted $1.41 in industry matching funds.
All of the funding, IUCRP and industry, increased UC research.
Thus, funding increased UC research expenditures, but more importantly created valuable interactions between UC researchers, their students and California industry.
Proposals were evaluated by senior faculty panels chosen as experts in the specific area of the proposals.
Conflicts of interest were strictly avoided: members of one campus could not judge proposals from their campus, etc.
Proposals were ranked numerically on multiple criteria.
A separate panel of faculty determined the cut-off for funding for each type of project, working with a representative from each of the initial panels and program administrators.
About 50% of projects funded.
Policy for the IUCRP was determined by the IUCRP Steering Committee, which was composed of high ranking faculty, administrators, and specialized staff from UC.
Day to day direction of the IUCRP was handled by an Executive Director and a professional staff.
Each campus also had an IUCRP representative who facilitated coordination with campus activity, including funding disbursements.
As the program evolved, the IUCRP Steering Committee
became the principal body developing policy regarding general industry-university relationships and interactions.
Thus, when the State Governor decided to create five Institutes of Science and Technology (Cal ISIs) Institutes across UC campuses, policy for implementing their selection and creation was developed by the IUCRP Steering Committee.
Committee thinking evolved on policy re intellectual property and how UC could benefit from interactions with Industry.
Emphasis shifted away from focus on obtaining continuing revenue to UC from licensing. Still desirable, but not thought to be major.
Emphasis placed on value of exchange of ideas, and providing graduate students with access to knowledge about industry.
Encourage faculty to think about commercial (practical) value of research.
Sought long term mutually –beneficial relationships
Hoped that such relationships, especially if with UC faculty-entrepreneurs, might lead to large Industry donations from successful enterprises in long term.
IUCRP also encouraged UC to become growth agent for State of California, raising incomes and employment.
IUCRP lasted 14 years and ended only when the 2008 economic recession and ensuring budget crisis in California eliminated the availability of funding.
Was it successful? Yes.