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Quick Quiz. Aristotle’s Virtue Ethics. Virtue Ethics. Aristotle uses the distinction between intrinsic and instrumental goods to find a way to combat militarism is ancient Greece. the best or highest good for humans. who is a friend and who is an enemy.

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Quick Quiz

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Quick quiz

Quick Quiz

Aristotle’s Virtue Ethics


Virtue ethics

Virtue Ethics

Aristotle uses the distinction between intrinsic and instrumental goods to find

a way to combat militarism is ancient Greece.

the best or highest good for humans.

who is a friend and who is an enemy.

inner peace while maintaining the military.

honor without economic failure.


Virtue ethics1

Virtue Ethics

We seek happiness, according to Aristotle, only

as a means to goodness.

as a means to a virtue-filled life.

as an end, meaning, as a way to escape reincarnation.

for the afterlife, never as an end in this life.

for its own sake, and never as a means to something else.


Virtue ethics2

Virtue Ethics

Aristotle says that “the good of an eye is seeing, and the eye is good if it sees well.” He then reasons, by analogy,

we can all see how nature makes things good.

a good human will see, and see well.

a good human will reason, and reason well.

a good human will always use the power of sight for a good cause.

we can test a moral theory only by its unique function.


Virtue ethics3

Virtue Ethics

Aristotle’s Ethics are called Nichomachean because …

Nichomachea means flourishing

Nichomachea means virtue-filled life

Nichomachis is Aristotle’s home town

Nichomachum is Greek for “good”

Nichomachus compiled Aristotle’s notes


Virtue ethics4

Virtue Ethics

Rational animal is a better definition of humans than featherless biped because

‘Featherless biped’ is a mere biological definition

Rationality is better than Featherlessness

Animality is better than bipedalism

It tells you more about what is important to know about humans

It’s not; featherless biped is better (most unique)


Virtue ethics5

Virtue Ethics

Aristotle’s view of happiness is weird because he thinks it …

depends on friendship

is an activity, not a condition

belongs to adults, not children

is mysterious to happy people

is a road, not a destination


Virtue ethics6

Virtue Ethics

For Aristotle, being moral is …

more important than being happy

only important if you value it

only important as a means to happiness

part of happiness, but not the most important part

part of happiness, and the most important part


Virtue ethics7

Virtue Ethics

For Aristotle, if you grew up in a crack house, you will need

Proof of what actions are moral

Proof of what actions are immoral

No proof because unhappiness teaches morality

To study something else; proof can’t make up for lack of experience

To study something else; bad people are not fit students of ethics


Virtue ethics8

Virtue Ethics

Which of these virtues is most important?

Temperance

Courage

Prudence

Generosity

Wit


Virtue ethics9

Virtue Ethics

Moral virtues are:

Multi-track dispositions

Established by nature

Habits learned in childhood

Never lost once established

Difficult to retain


Virtue ethics10

Virtue Ethics

If you returned that Bee Gees CD to your sister on time, but found it very difficult to do so, you are

Continent

Incontinent

Vicious

Virtuous

Malicious


Virtue ethics11

Virtue Ethics

If you tried to return that Bee Gees CD to your sister on time, but failed because “it’s just soooo good!”, you are

Continent

Incontinent

Vicious

Virtuous

Malicious


Virtue ethics12

Virtue Ethics

Moral virtue is better than intellectual virtue because

It is more god-like

It depends less on “things”

Its pleasure is more constant

It isn’t better; it is too stressful and so involves hardship

It isn’t better; it depends on others and so isn’t self-sufficient


Answers

Answers

8. D

9. D

10. C

11. A

12. A

13. B

14. E

1. Title slide

2. B

3. E

4. C

5. E

6. D

7. B


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