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Sensor Network Applications in Agriculture. Prof. Prabhat Ranjan ( Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology (DA-IICT), Gandhinagar. Outline. Technology Development Sensor Network : Introduction Applications Agricultural Applications

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Sensor Network Applications in Agriculture

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Sensor network applications in agriculture

Sensor Network Applications in Agriculture

Prof. Prabhat Ranjan


Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology (DA-IICT),




  • Technology Development

  • Sensor Network : Introduction

  • Applications

  • Agricultural Applications

  • Microclimate monitoring system

  • Other technologies : iButton, Simputer

  • Summary

Technolgy development

Technolgy Development

  • Commercial demand (e.g. Mobile phone)

    • Integration of Sensing and Processing

    • Miniaturization

    • Low power consumption

    • Efficient wireless communication

  • Sensor Network nodes combine

    • Microsensor

    • Low power computing

    • Wireless networking

Sensor network

Sensor Network

A sensor network is composed of a large number of sensor nodes, which are densely deployed either inside the phenomenon or very close to it.

  • Random deployment

  • Cooperative capabilities

Instead of low density highly sensitive sensors -> high density, low cost sensor nodes

Wireless communication range

Wireless Communication Range

  • Low range

    • Node to Node

    • Multihop

    • 50-100 meters

    • Few 100 Mhz to few thousand Mhz

    • No infrastructure needed to support communication

  • Long range

    • Communication Infrastructure needed (Mobile phone)

    • Distance no limitation

    • Mostly Single Hop

    • Geographical coverage very large (State or Nationwide)

    • GPS can be integrated



  • temperature

  • humidity

  • vehicular movement

  • lightning condition

  • pressure

  • soil property

  • noise levels

  • the presence or absence of certain kinds of objects

  • mechanical stress levels on attached objects

  • the current characteristics such as speed, direction, and size of an object

Military applications

Military Applications

  • Monitoring friendly forces, equipment and ammunition

  • Battlefield surveillance

  • Reconnaissance of opposing forces and terrain

  • Battle damage assessment

  • Nuclear, biological and chemical attack detection and reconnaissance

Environmental applications

Environmental Applications

  • Forest fire detection

  • Bio-complexity mapping of the environment

  • Flood detection

  • Precision agriculture

Health applications

Health Applications

  • Tele-monitoring of human physiological data

  • Tracking and monitoring patients and doctors inside a hospital

  • Drug administration in hospitals

Home applications

Home Applications

  • Home automation

  • Smart environment

Other commercial applications

Other Commercial Applications

  • Environmental control in office buildings

  • Interactive museums

  • Managing inventory control

  • Vehicle tracking and detection

  • Detecting and monitoring car thefts

Agricultural application

Agricultural Application

  • Detailed local environment

    • Temperature

    • Humidity

    • Soil Moisture

    • Wind speed, direction

    • Rain Fall

    • Sunshine

    • CO2



  • Fighting Phytophtora using micro-climate

    • New radio telescope of the LOFAR (Low Frequency Array) project is based on tens of thousands of antennas

    • Measurement of the micro-climate in potato crops to improve the advice on how to combat phytophtora within a crop

    • Phytophtora :fungal disease in potatoes

  • The development and associated attack of the crop depends strongly on the climatological conditions within the field.

  • Micro Climate indicators for the development of phytophtora are: temperature, humidity and whether or not the leaves are wet.

Cal poly pomona college of agriculture

Cal Poly Pomona, College of Agriculture

  • Sensor Network ideal for monitoring environmental conditions effecting plant growth in areas that are not as easily controllable as those of a greenhouse.

  • Studying the effects of microclimates on plants will allow scientists to better understand the ways in which to optimize yield and quality.

  • Each node measures light levels, air temperature and humidity, with optional measurements of soil temperature and soil moisture.

  • In addition, battery levels for each node can be monitored for diagnostic purposes.

Lettuce field

Lettuce Field

Huntington botanical gardens

Huntington Botanical Gardens

Making wines finer with wireless

Making wines finer with wireless

  • Intel Research , Canada Dept. of Agriculture

  • Temperature sensors to help protect their crops from frost damage

  • The temperature motes will help King Farms target specific plants for frost-control measures, such as misting the plants with water.

  • Water is scarce resource

  • After analyzing long-term data from the sensors, they'll also be able to harvest grapes more productively, and cut their use of pesticides and fungicides



Berkeley motes

Berkeley Motes

  • ATMega 128L 8-bit, 8MHz, 4KB EEPROM, 4KB RAM, 128KB flash

  • Chipcon CC100 multichannel radio (Manchester encoding, FSK). Up to 500-1000ft.

Sensor board

Sensor Board

Pni magnetometer compass

PNI Magnetometer Compass

Ultrasonic transceiver

Ultrasonic Transceiver

Mica weather board

Mica Weather Board

Micadot sensor board

MicaDot Sensor Board

Motes agricultural use xbow com

Motes : Agricultural Use(

  • Light, Photo-Active Light, Humidity, Barometric Pressure, and Temperature Module with built-in MICA2

  • Sealed Temperature / Humidity Module with built-in MICA2DOT

Microclimate monitoring da iict

Microclimate monitoring - DA-IICT

DA-IICT, Lab Bldg Top

  • Wind Speed, Direction

  • Temperature

  • Humidity

  • Pressure

  • Rainfall

  • Lightning

  • Light

  • CO2



  • Wireless for power and data

  • Uses Reliance India Mobile for Data Comm

  • Solar Panel for power

  • Can tolerate one week of no sunshine

  • Use one wire network for interconnection

Fruit maturity monitor

Fruit maturity monitor

  • Ethelyne gas monitor

  • Image Sensor Network of the fruit



  • A 16mm computer chip armored in a stainless steel can

  • Up-to-date information can travel with a person or object

  • Types of i-Button

    • Memory Button

    • Java Powered Cryptographic iButton

    • Thermochron iButton

Ibutton applications

iButton Applications

  • Can record temperature with ease

  • Perishable products transportation i.e ice-cream

  • Quality assurance to customer

  • Unique ID – Keep track of product

  • RF-ID may be more suitable







Simputer agri information

Simputer : Agri-information

  • Price of agri-information can be downloaded on an Amida Simputer from a central server that reflects the latest prices.

  • A single Amida can be used by multiple farmers with smartcards to check latest prices.

  • Besides, the Amida acts an interactive assistant with access to relevant information regarding weather, crop, seed, fertilizer and farming practice information.

Simputer gis services

Simputer : GIS Services

  • Amida Simputer enabled citizen services for Voter ID cards, driving license, ration card, a single Citizen ID card with fingerprint, photographic and demographic information, are all made possible by integrating the Amida with a fingerprint sensor, printer and camera.

  • Data collection for natural resource mapping can be enabled with a combination of Amida Simputers, Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers & GIS databases can be added on.



  • Sensor Networks are emerging as a great aid in improving agricultural productivity, quality and resource optimization

  • Very application dependent and close interaction between agriculture scientist and ICT researchers will help

  • Many other technologies (such as iButton, simputer) have become available which can help improve agriculture and Rural quality of life

Thank you

Thank you!!!

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