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Sensor Network Applications in Agriculture. Prof. Prabhat Ranjan ([email protected]) Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology (DA-IICT), Gandhinagar. Outline. Technology Development Sensor Network : Introduction Applications Agricultural Applications

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Sensor network applications in agriculture
Sensor Network Applications in Agriculture

Prof. Prabhat Ranjan

([email protected])

Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology (DA-IICT),



  • Technology Development

  • Sensor Network : Introduction

  • Applications

  • Agricultural Applications

  • Microclimate monitoring system

  • Other technologies : iButton, Simputer

  • Summary

Technolgy development
Technolgy Development

  • Commercial demand (e.g. Mobile phone)

    • Integration of Sensing and Processing

    • Miniaturization

    • Low power consumption

    • Efficient wireless communication

  • Sensor Network nodes combine

    • Microsensor

    • Low power computing

    • Wireless networking

Sensor network
Sensor Network

A sensor network is composed of a large number of sensor nodes, which are densely deployed either inside the phenomenon or very close to it.

  • Random deployment

  • Cooperative capabilities

Instead of low density highly sensitive sensors -> high density, low cost sensor nodes

Wireless communication range
Wireless Communication Range

  • Low range

    • Node to Node

    • Multihop

    • 50-100 meters

    • Few 100 Mhz to few thousand Mhz

    • No infrastructure needed to support communication

  • Long range

    • Communication Infrastructure needed (Mobile phone)

    • Distance no limitation

    • Mostly Single Hop

    • Geographical coverage very large (State or Nationwide)

    • GPS can be integrated


  • temperature

  • humidity

  • vehicular movement

  • lightning condition

  • pressure

  • soil property

  • noise levels

  • the presence or absence of certain kinds of objects

  • mechanical stress levels on attached objects

  • the current characteristics such as speed, direction, and size of an object

Military applications
Military Applications

  • Monitoring friendly forces, equipment and ammunition

  • Battlefield surveillance

  • Reconnaissance of opposing forces and terrain

  • Battle damage assessment

  • Nuclear, biological and chemical attack detection and reconnaissance

Environmental applications
Environmental Applications

  • Forest fire detection

  • Bio-complexity mapping of the environment

  • Flood detection

  • Precision agriculture

Health applications
Health Applications

  • Tele-monitoring of human physiological data

  • Tracking and monitoring patients and doctors inside a hospital

  • Drug administration in hospitals

Home applications
Home Applications

  • Home automation

  • Smart environment

Other commercial applications
Other Commercial Applications

  • Environmental control in office buildings

  • Interactive museums

  • Managing inventory control

  • Vehicle tracking and detection

  • Detecting and monitoring car thefts

Agricultural application
Agricultural Application

  • Detailed local environment

    • Temperature

    • Humidity

    • Soil Moisture

    • Wind speed, direction

    • Rain Fall

    • Sunshine

    • CO2


  • Fighting Phytophtora using micro-climate

    • New radio telescope of the LOFAR (Low Frequency Array) project is based on tens of thousands of antennas

    • Measurement of the micro-climate in potato crops to improve the advice on how to combat phytophtora within a crop

    • Phytophtora :fungal disease in potatoes

  • The development and associated attack of the crop depends strongly on the climatological conditions within the field.

  • Micro Climate indicators for the development of phytophtora are: temperature, humidity and whether or not the leaves are wet.

Cal poly pomona college of agriculture
Cal Poly Pomona, College of Agriculture

  • Sensor Network ideal for monitoring environmental conditions effecting plant growth in areas that are not as easily controllable as those of a greenhouse.

  • Studying the effects of microclimates on plants will allow scientists to better understand the ways in which to optimize yield and quality.

  • Each node measures light levels, air temperature and humidity, with optional measurements of soil temperature and soil moisture.

  • In addition, battery levels for each node can be monitored for diagnostic purposes.

Making wines finer with wireless
Making wines finer with wireless

  • Intel Research , Canada Dept. of Agriculture

  • Temperature sensors to help protect their crops from frost damage

  • The temperature motes will help King Farms target specific plants for frost-control measures, such as misting the plants with water.

  • Water is scarce resource

  • After analyzing long-term data from the sensors, they'll also be able to harvest grapes more productively, and cut their use of pesticides and fungicides

Berkeley motes
Berkeley Motes

  • ATMega 128L 8-bit, 8MHz, 4KB EEPROM, 4KB RAM, 128KB flash

  • Chipcon CC100 multichannel radio (Manchester encoding, FSK). Up to 500-1000ft.

Motes agricultural use xbow com
Motes : Agricultural Use(

  • Light, Photo-Active Light, Humidity, Barometric Pressure, and Temperature Module with built-in MICA2

  • Sealed Temperature / Humidity Module with built-in MICA2DOT

Microclimate monitoring da iict
Microclimate monitoring - DA-IICT

DA-IICT, Lab Bldg Top

  • Wind Speed, Direction

  • Temperature

  • Humidity

  • Pressure

  • Rainfall

  • Lightning

  • Light

  • CO2


  • Wireless for power and data

  • Uses Reliance India Mobile for Data Comm

  • Solar Panel for power

  • Can tolerate one week of no sunshine

  • Use one wire network for interconnection

Fruit maturity monitor
Fruit maturity monitor

  • Ethelyne gas monitor

  • Image Sensor Network of the fruit


  • A 16mm computer chip armored in a stainless steel can

  • Up-to-date information can travel with a person or object

  • Types of i-Button

    • Memory Button

    • Java Powered Cryptographic iButton

    • Thermochron iButton

Ibutton applications
iButton Applications

  • Can record temperature with ease

  • Perishable products transportation i.e ice-cream

  • Quality assurance to customer

  • Unique ID – Keep track of product

  • RF-ID may be more suitable

Simputer agri information
Simputer : Agri-information

  • Price of agri-information can be downloaded on an Amida Simputer from a central server that reflects the latest prices.

  • A single Amida can be used by multiple farmers with smartcards to check latest prices.

  • Besides, the Amida acts an interactive assistant with access to relevant information regarding weather, crop, seed, fertilizer and farming practice information.

Simputer gis services
Simputer : GIS Services

  • Amida Simputer enabled citizen services for Voter ID cards, driving license, ration card, a single Citizen ID card with fingerprint, photographic and demographic information, are all made possible by integrating the Amida with a fingerprint sensor, printer and camera.

  • Data collection for natural resource mapping can be enabled with a combination of Amida Simputers, Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers & GIS databases can be added on.


  • Sensor Networks are emerging as a great aid in improving agricultural productivity, quality and resource optimization

  • Very application dependent and close interaction between agriculture scientist and ICT researchers will help

  • Many other technologies (such as iButton, simputer) have become available which can help improve agriculture and Rural quality of life