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GREAT LIMPOPO TRANSFRONTIER PARK (GLTP) AND CONSERVATION AREA (GLTFCA). PURPOSE OF TALK . To provide broad overview of salient ecological and socio-economic issues pertaining to the Great Limpopo Trans Frontier Conservation Area, and Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park. GLTFCA. KEY ISSUES.

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Purpose of talk
PURPOSE OF TALK AREA

  • To provide broad overview of salient ecological and socio-economic issues pertaining to the Great Limpopo Trans Frontier Conservation Area, and Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park


Gltfca
GLTFCA AREA


Key issues
KEY ISSUES AREA

  • PROCESS

  • PEOPLE

  • WILDLIFE: Translocation, Fence, “Migration”


Gltfca1
GLTFCA AREA

  • INCLUDES GLTP, INTERSTITIAL AREAS in MOZ, BANHINE NATIONAL PARK, ZINAVE NATIONAL PARK,

  • As well as Kruger to Canyon Biosphere Reserve to west of KNP, Sengwe corridor in Zimbabwe


Kruger national park
KRUGER NATIONAL PARK AREA

  • 2 million ha

  • Highly developed infrastructure

  • Relatively Well Watered, WILDLIFE

  • Established Management Regime

  • Residents, live in Staff Villages

  • Makuleke Region: Contractual Park


Limpopo national park moz
LIMPOPO NATIONAL PARK, MOZ AREA

  • Nearly half of the area is sandveld covered by mopane, ironwood and broadleaf savanna.

  • Largely waterless in dry season, apart from Shingwedzi and Limpopo rivers

  • Very little wildlife currently occurs in the area.

  • No infrastructure

  • Some 27 000 people live in the Park


Ghonarhezhou zimbabwe
GhonarheZhou, Zimbabwe AREA

  • “Intermediate” stage of development

  • Current tensions


Banhine national park
BANHINE NATIONAL PARK AREA

  • SPECTACULAR WETLAND SYSTEM

  • 2000 PEOPLE, SYSTEM OF REGULATED LAND USE,


Banhine
BANHINE AREA


Banhine1
BANHINE AREA


Process
PROCESS AREA

  • GLTP- Driven by ngo, donor, political leadership, steering committee

  • Peace Parks Foundation, German KfW

  • Ahead of “on-the-ground” process


Process contd
PROCESS (contd) AREA

  • People in LNP all but ignored initially

  • Eg LNP proclaimed, elephant release, fence “cutting” prior to engagement with communities

  • High level of Publicity,

  • Belated process of engagement


Process contd1
PROCESS (contd) AREA

  • “Sanctuary” established

  • PROGNOSIS:- approx 4-5 year process of engagement, negotiation around ‘voluntary’ resettlement


People lnp
PEOPLE, LNP AREA

  • LNP- 27000 people resident

  • Maize, beans, livestock, woodland products, remittances, migratory labour

  • Shingwedzi key for people, tourism and wildlife


People contd
PEOPLE (contd) AREA

  • Voluntary resettlement plan

  • Boundary refinement (zones)


People banhine np
PEOPLE, BANHINE NP AREA

  • Villages in WOODLAND

  • Pans and Permanent Floodplain used for drought survival

  • Strictly Controlled Access, under traditional authority, mistaken for “terra nullius”

  • Sustainable now and next 10 years or so at reasonable projection, eg wood use within 2 km radius, fields rotated, sanctions on natural products, only 2000 people


Banhine2
BANHINE AREA


Banhine3
BANHINE AREA



Wildlife
WILDLIFE AREA

  • The Fences

  • KNP-LNP

  • KNP-Zimbabwe

  • KNP-west

  • LNP-Banhine-Zinave


Wildlife contd
WILDLIFE (contd) AREA

  • What Migration???

  • Relocation vs gradual colonisation

  • Water point- Policy 1

  • The “Sanctuary” in LNP

  • Banhine and Zinave:- negotiated introduction of non-dangerous animals


Concluding remarks
CONCLUDING REMARKS AREA

  • Addressing people’s needs

  • Sustainability: Unlikely that most components will be “profitable”.

  • OPTIONS: GEF, Endowment funding, debt for nature swaps, or what…


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