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Gambling and Homelessness: Conducting research Overseas. Lesley McMahon 14/10/05. Joint Centre for Scottish Housing Research The Geddes Institute University of Dundee. Introduction. Research projects: Australian study The Research Process Points for reflection Key findings to date

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gambling and homelessness conducting research overseas

Gambling and Homelessness: Conducting research Overseas

Lesley McMahon

14/10/05

Joint Centre for Scottish Housing Research

The Geddes Institute

University of Dundee

introduction
Introduction
  • Research projects: Australian study
    • The Research Process
    • Points for reflection
  • Key findings to date
  • Tentative recommendations
the process ritchie lewis 2003
The Process (Ritchie & Lewis, 2003)
  • Framing the research questions
    • Literature review : Antonetti & Horn (2001), Talbot (2004)
    • Pilot study in Tayside (11 staff in 9 agencies and 2 GA members)
  • Choosing methodology
    • Case study approach (secondary and primary data)
    • Clients: in-depth – detailed account of their experiences (socio-economic, housing history, gambling history, triggers, support)
    • Agencies: semi-structured (organisation, funding, forms of support, changes over the past decade, awareness of problem gambling and homeless)
process cont
Process cont.
  • Research Ethics
    • Incentives and reciprocity wrt participants
    • Protecting participants from harm
    • Protecting myself from harm
  • Choosing research sample
    • Gambling counselling providers
    • Homelessness service providers
    • People who have experienced pg and homelessness
  • Contacting participants
    • Contact at State government
process cont1
Process cont.
  • Designing survey instrument
    • Agency questionnaire several iterations
  • Prep for field work
    • Setting up appointments
    • Using online maps to see locations of agencies and to estimate distance for travelling between appointments
    • Local contact: Eleanor
    • Map, timetables
    • Check all equipment works!
process cont2
Process cont.
  • Conducting of fieldwork
    • Allow enough time
      • Snowballing
      • Length of interviews
      • Travelling time
      • Writing up notes and transcribing
  • Analysis
    • Thematic analysis
  • Reporting
    • To the fund body: Carnegie Trust
    • Invited to conferences
    • Journal papers
reflection on process
Reflection on process
  • Need to estimate time better
  • Need to learn to drive
the study
The Study
  • Interviewed 26 agency staff in 17 organisations and 8 clients
    • Funded by Carnegie Trust
  • Objectives:
    • Enquire into the experiences of people who have experienced problem gambling, and the impact of this on their housing status
    • To identify the support factors
    • Highlight good practice
key findings australia
Key Findings: Australia
  • Gambling Counselling Agencies
    • Estimated approx 25% clients have experienced homelessness or a reduction in housing circumstances caused by the problem gambling (eviction, repossession, relationship breakdown)
  • Homelessness sector
    • Variation regarding awareness of problem gambling as a discrete issue
    • Very rarely the presenting issue
    • Not the primary or secondary reason, but it is a growing factor especially with clients who have complex needs
    • Homelessness academic: “Gambling is not an issue.”
why the different representations of the problem
Client

Non-disclosure

Stigma

Shame

Fear of denial of service

Needs not meet

Why the different representations of the problem?

HOMELESSNESS & HOUSING SECTOR

Worker

Not identifying

  • Not on radar
  • Inadequate skills to respond (perceived or actual)

Problem gambling de-prioritised

tentative recommendations
Tentative Recommendations
  • Scottish Executive: should be proactive with community education programmes (illustrating behavioural strategies, as well as problem recognition)
    • Should encourage people to talk openly about problem gambling to remove the stigma and shame
    • Should fund services with new money into the welfare services sector (from some of the additional tax receipts from gambling)
    • Data collection
  • Gambling industry to a degree acknowledges its role and responsibilities
    • RIGT to fund support for PG and community education
  • Housing & homelessness sector
    • Training to raise awareness (GamCare)
    • Develop policies regarding service delivery for people who are experiencing problem gambling
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