Childbirth
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Childbirth. Dilation of the Cervix. The Longest stage of labor 2 hours to days Dilation is when the cervix widens A woman is fully dilated when her cervix enlarges to 8 to 10 centimeters. Delivery of the Baby. The cervix is completely dilated and ends with the delivery of the baby

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Childbirth

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Childbirth

Childbirth


Dilation of the cervix

Dilation of the Cervix

  • The Longest stage of labor

    • 2 hours to days

  • Dilation is when the cervix widens

  • A woman is fully dilated when her cervix enlarges to 8 to 10 centimeters


Delivery of the baby

Delivery of the Baby

  • The cervix is completely dilated and ends with the delivery of the baby

  • The baby moves down the birth canal, usually head first

    • The mother pushes, and the muscles in the uterus contracts to push the baby out.

    • Crowning is when the baby’s head (head takes a cone-like appearance)


Delivery of the baby continued

Delivery of the Baby continued

  • The baby has been eased out of the birth canal and begins to breathe on his or her own.

  • Cutting the umbilical cord


Delivery of the placenta

Delivery of the Placenta

  • Expulsion of the afterbirth

  • The afterbirth is the placenta is delivered


Apgar score

Apgar Score


Postpartum period

Postpartum Period

  • Hormones produce changes in the mother’s body

  • The breast secret water substance called colostrum and then develops into milk

    • Colostrum: immunity to diseases

    • Breast Milk: respiratory, illness, skin disorders, constipation, and diarrhea


Complications in pregnancy

Complications in Pregnancy

  • Ectopic Pregnancy

    • Pregnancy that occurs outside of

      the uterus

    • Symptoms include cramping,

      serve abdominal pain, and

      spotting

    • An ectopic pregnancy can be fatal to females

  • RH incompatibility

    • Mismatch between the blood of the pregnant female and the blood of the developing fetus. Female develops an antibody that attacks the substance in the fetus’s blood.

    • Can be treated by an RH factor injection after birth so that she can become pregnant later in life.


Complications in pregnancy continued

Complications in Pregnancy continued

  • Preeclampsia

    • Characterized by a rise in the pregnant female’s blood pressure, swelling, and leakage of protein into the urine

    • Untreated preeclampsia results in death in mother or the developing baby.

  • Miscarriage

    • Natural ending of a preganancy before tha baby can develop/


Complications in pregnancy continued1

Complications in Pregnancy continued

  • Cesarean section

    • Is a procedure in which a baby is removed from the mother through making an incision through the mother’s abdomen and uterus removing the baby.


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