Intonation. English Phonetics and Phonology Lesson 6A. The functions of intonation. Attitudinal function Accentual function Grammatical function Discourse function. Speech may be divided into tone units. Each tone unit is composed of:. A tonic syllable (obbligatory)
English Phonetics and Phonology
(pre-head) + (head) + tonic syllable + (tail)
Here we have added a stressed syllable, ‘told’, before the tonic, which is called the head. Notice how the intonation rises from the pre-head.
This is obviously not the only possible realisation of this sentence. If we put the main stress on ‘told’, it changes the pattern completely.
Again when we come to complex tone we find the tail following the tonic syllable: for a fall-rise the fall occurs on the tonic and the rise at the end of the tail
- no: the area before the tonic is called the “pre-head”
- yes: the area between the stressed syllable and tonic is called the “head” and the area before the stressed syllable is the “pre-head”