計算機概論
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計算機概論. Course Number: 90248040 Credits: 2 Time: Monday 7, 8 (3:30PM-5:20PM) Classroom: New CSIE Classroom 110 Classification: Elective for freshmen Prerequisite: None Instructor: Chiou-Shann Fuh ( 傅楸善 ) Office: New Computer Science and Information Engineering 327

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計算機概論

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計算機概論

  • Course Number: 90248040

  • Credits: 2

  • Time: Monday 7, 8 (3:30PM-5:20PM)

  • Classroom: New CSIE Classroom 110

  • Classification: Elective for freshmen

  • Prerequisite: None

  • Instructor: Chiou-Shann Fuh (傅楸善)

  • Office: New Computer Science and Information Engineering 327

  • Phone: 23625336 ext. 327

  • Office Hours: Tuesday 10AM-11:30AM

  • Objective: Introduction to computer science through extensive course projects.


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  • Textbook: G. B. Shelly and M. E. Vermaat, Discovering Computers 2012, Thomson Course Technology, Boston, MA, 2012.

  • Reference: P. Norton, Peter Norton's Introduction to Computers, 6th Ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 2006.

  • Reference: M. M. Mano, Computer Engineering: Hardware Design, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1988.

  • Reference: J. G. Brookshear, Computer Science: An Overview, 7th Ed., Addison Wesley, Reading, MA, 2003.

  • excellent World Wide Web address: to look up computer terminology online http://www.wikipedia.org

  • excellent World Wide Web address: to search companies, products, and events http://www.google.com, http://www.yahoo.com, http://www.msn.com

  • Projects: will be assigned every week or every other week (30%)

  • Examinations: one midterm (30%) and one final (40%)


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  • Chapter 1: Introduction to Computers

  • Chapter 2: The Internet and World Wide Web

  • Chapter 3: Application Software

  • Chapter 4: The Components of the System Unit

  • Chapter 5: Input

  • Chapter 6: Output

  • Chapter 7: Storage

  • Chapter 8: Operating Systems and Utility Programs

  • Chapter 9: Communications and Networks

  • Chapter 10: Database Management

  • Chapter 11: Computer Security and Safety, Ethics, and Privacy

  • Chapter 12: Information System Development

  • Chapter 13: Programming Languages and Program Development

  • Chapter 14: Enterprise Computing

  • Chapter 15: Computer Careers and Certification


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  • Scan and add all figures, captions, and tables.

  • Add Review Questions.

  • Add Homework at end of http://www.csie.ntu.edu.tw/~fuh/fcourse/shelly2012/Chapter01.ppt

  • Add topics and explain in detail.

  • Add jokes.

  • Design two questions and answers.


Prob1b doc

Prob1B.劉立彥.doc

  • 1. (10%) What are the four steps in Information Processing Cycle?

  • Answer: Input, Processing, Output, Storage.


I have a dream martin luther king jr

I have a dream. Martin Luther King Jr.

  • ACM: Association for Computing Machinery

  • ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest

  • http://acm.uva.es/problemset/

  • solving 20 problems = 5 points, 50 problems = 10 points

  • 100 problems = 20 points, 200 problems = 30 points, 400 problems = 40 points

  • all problems with on-line judge = 50 points

  • tell me the number of problems solved immediately before final examination


Objectives overview

Objectives Overview

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

See Page 3

for Detailed Objectives


Objectives overview1

Objectives Overview

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

See Page 3

for Detailed Objectives


A world of computers

A World of Computers

  • Computers are everywhere

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Pages 4 - 5

Figure 1-1


What is a computer

What Is a Computer?

  • A computer is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory

Information Processing Cycle

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 6


What is a computer1

What Is a Computer?

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 6

Figure 1-2


The components of a computer

The Components of a Computer

  • A computer contains many electric, electronic, and mechanical components known as hardware

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Pages 6 - 8


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Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 7

Figure 1-3


Advantages and disadvantages of using computers

Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Computers

Advantages of Using Computers

Disadvantages of Using Computers

Pages 9 - 10

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1


Advantages and disadvantages of using computers1

Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Computers

  • Green computinginvolves reducing the electricity consumed and environmental waste generated when using a computer

  • Strategies include:

    • Recycling

    • Regulating manufacturing processes

    • Extending the life of computers

    • Immediately donating or properly disposing of replaced computers

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 1, Click Web Link from left navigation,

then click Green Computing below Chapter 1

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital World Chapter 1

Page 10


Networks and the internet

Networks and the Internet

  • A network is a collection of computers and devices connected together, often wirelessly, via communications devices and transmission media

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Pages 10 - 11

Figure 1-6


Networks and the internet1

Networks and the Internet

  • The Internet is a worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 1, Click Web Link from left navigation,

then click The Internetbelow Chapter 1

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 11

Figure 1-7


Networks and the internet2

Networks and the Internet

  • People use the Internet for a variety of reasons:

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Pages 12 - 13

Figure 1-8


Networks and the internet3

Networks and the Internet

  • A social networking Web siteencourages members to share their interests, ideas, stories, photos, music, and videos with other registered users

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 1, Click Web Link from left navigation,

then click MySpacebelow Chapter 1

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 14

Figure 1-9


Computer software

Computer Software

  • Software, also called a program, tells the computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 1, Click Web Link from left navigation,

then click Windowsbelow Chapter 1

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Pages 15 - 16

Figures 1-10 - 1-11


Computer software1

Computer Software

  • Installing is the process of setting up software to work with the computer, printer, and other hardware

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Pages 16 - 17

Figure 1-12


Computer software2

Computer Software

  • A programmer develops software or writes the instructions that direct the computer to process data into information

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 18

Figure 1-13


Categories of computers

Categories of Computers

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 19


Personal computers

Personal Computers

  • A personal computercan perform all of its input, processing, output, and storage activities by itself

  • Two popular architectures are the PC and the Apple

    • Desktop computer

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 19

Figures 1-15 - 1-16


Mobile computers and mobile devices

Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Pages 20 - 23


Mobile computers and mobile devices1

Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 1, Click Web Link from left navigation,

then click Camera Phonebelow Chapter 1

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Pages 20 - 22

Figures 1-17 – 1-20


Mobile computers and mobile devices2

Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 1, Click Web Link from left navigation,

then click Digital Cameras below Chapter 1

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Pages 22 - 23

Figures 1-21 – 1-23


Game consoles

Game Consoles

  • A game consoleis a mobile computing device designed for single-player or multiplayer video games

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 24

Figure 1-24


Servers

Servers

  • A server controls access to the hardware, software, and other resources on a network

    • Provides a centralized storage area for programs, data, and information

DVD: Digital Versatile Disk

DVD: Digital Video Disk

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 25

Figure 1-25


Mainframes

Mainframes

  • A mainframe is a large, expensive, powerful computer that can handle hundreds or thousands of connected users simultaneously

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 25

Figure 1-26


Supercomputers

Supercomputers

  • A supercomputer is the fastest, most powerful computer

    • Fastest supercomputers are capable of processing more than one quadrillion instructions in a single second

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 25

Figure 1-27


Embedded computers

Embedded Computers

  • An embedded computeris a special-purpose computer that functions as a component in a larger product

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 26


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Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 26

Figure 1-28


Elements of an information system

Elements of an Information System

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 1, Click Web Link from left navigation,

then click Women in Technology below Chapter 1

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 27


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Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 27

Figure 1-29


Examples of computer usage

Examples of Computer Usage

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 1, Click Web Link from left navigation,

then click Minorities in Technology below Chapter 1

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Pages 28 – 31

Figures 1-30 – 1-32


Examples of computer usage1

Examples of Computer Usage

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 1, Click Web Link from left navigation,

then click Enterprise Computing below Chapter 1

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Pages 31 – 32

Figures 1-33 – 1-34


Computer applications in society

Computer Applications in Society

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Pages 34 - 36

Figures 1-36 – 1-39


Computer applications in society1

Computer Applications in Society

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 1, Click Web Link from left navigation,

then click OnStarbelow Chapter 1

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Pages 36 - 38

Figures 1-40 – 1-43


Video computer history in a barn

Video: Computer History in a Barn

CLICK TO START

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1


Summary

Summary

Discovering Computers 2010: Living in a Digital WorldChapter 1

Page 39


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Chapter 1 Complete


Project due oct 3

Project due Oct. 3

  • Open your personal computer at home and list the hardware specification as detailed as possible, including the manufacturer, product type, and serial number. List every software installed on your personal computer. For example:

  • PC: ACER_M3630超值四核桌上型主機

  • CPU: IntelR 酷睿C2Q 四核心Q6600處理器

  • Motherboard: S45GMAX

  • SDRAM: 1GB DDR2-667 MAX 4GB

  • Intel GMA3100整合型顯示晶片、DVMT 4.0

  • hard disk: S-ATA 320GB/7200RPM

  • 內建多合一讀卡機

  • monitor: Lemel 17 inch TFT-LCD, Model: LC-AE

  • power supply: 250W, ATX compatible


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  • keyboard: 104 keys Chinese-English

  • DVD-RW drive: 16X SuperMulti光碟機

  • sound blaster card:

  • speakers: Trois DS 621G

  • mouse: Logitech Optical Mouse

  • anti-virus software: Norton AntiVirus

  • anti-virus software: Trend Micro/Internet Phone

  • OS: Windows 7

  • productivity software: Microsoft Office

  • X-Stop: pornography prevention software


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