English / Language Arts Review of Commonly Tested Skills. Education Access Network (EAN) Linda Coleman & Kristie English Website: http://www.EducationAccessNetwork.org. Reading Comprehension Listening Inferential Thinking Vocabulary Grammar Literature Poetry. Functional Texts
Education Access Network (EAN)
Linda Coleman & Kristie English
Comparing & Contrasting
Essay WritingWhat will we talk about?
Academic Subjects: Math, Science, History, Social Studies, and English classes all require us to read well.
Testing: PSAT, SAT I, ACT, WASL, etc.
Writing: Reading helps writing. College Admissions “Personal Statement” Essay
Freedom always comes with a price.
Freedom is a recurring theme in American literature.
Freedom is the most precious gift of all.
Why is it important that I know this?
What does the author want me to do with this knowledge?
To Change Your OpinionAuthor’s Purpose(Nonfiction)Questions to Ask
Does the main character change in some important way?
Does s/he learn anything important?
How would I explain this story to another person?
What has the author demonstrated or proved?
Often this is located at the end of the writing piece.The Message
Unimportant Details: May be interesting, but don’t provide examples or offer proof.
Writing Summaries – Tips to Remember
Communicating with Friends
Taking Notes in Class
What am I listening to?
Lecture? Joke? Directions?
Why am I listening to it?
Collect facts? Follow an argument?
Follow a character through a story’s plot?
What am I supposed to do with it?
Clue: Its feeling or mood. Use descriptions of sights, sounds, smells, and other sense images.
2) Point of View
Clue: Voice of story. Personal point of view (“I”) is called first person.
3) What is NOT Said
Clue: What does the character want to say, but does not say?
4) What is NOT Done
Clue: What does the character want to do, but does not do?
Nonfiction Passage Clues ~ Facts and arguments. Imagine the effect of some condition, action, or trend.
* Often used in persuasive writing, editorial columns
What message can be drawn from the story’s events?
Don’t dread it. Use it to your advantage!
ten·der 1 Pronunciation (…) adj.ten·der·er,ten·der·est
a) Easily crushed or bruised; fragile: a tender petal.
b) Easily chewed or cut: tender beef.
2) Young and vulnerable: of tender age.
3) Frail; delicate.
4) Sensitive to frost or severe cold; not hardy: tender green shoots.
a) Easily hurt; sensitive: tender skin.
b) Painful; sore: a tender tooth.
a) Considerate and protective; solicitous: a tender mother; his tender concern.
b) Characterized by or expressing gentle emotions; loving: a tender glance; a tender ballad.
c) Given to sympathy or sentimentality; soft: a tender heart.
7)Nautical. Likely to heel easily under sail; crank.
ten·der 2 pronunciation (…)
1) A formal offer, as:
a) Law. An offer of money or service in payment of an obligation.
b) A written offer to contract goods or services at a specified cost or rate; a bid.
2) Something, especially money, offered in payment.
[From French tendre, to offer, from Old French, from Latin tendere, to hold forth, extend. See ten- in Indo-European Roots.]
tend·er 3Pronunciation (… ) n.
1) One who tends something: a lathe tender.
2)Nautical. A vessel attendant on other vessels, especially one that ferries supplies between ship and shore.
3) A railroad car attached to the rear of a locomotive and designed to carry fuel and water.
Answer How and Why ?s
Exaggerated stories about, real, historical figures
Teach moral lessons
Fiction(several genres or categories)
SatireLiterary Texts~ Types of Stories ~
Evoke emotional response. Snapshot, slice of life.
Create rich, detailed characters and complex, fictional world.
Rich, expressive dialogue.
Why doesn’t the poet use more direct language?
Poetry communicates a series of sensory associations or feelings, not so much facts and dates.Poetry Devices
Outlines (table of contents, indexes)
Charts & Graphs
Application FormsFunctional Texts
Provide efficient facts, info, or instructions.Tend to use bullet points, subheadings, and graphics
Categories / Types of Nonfiction:
1) Know Your Audience
2) Find Your Rhythm
3) Support Your
4) Maintain Your Focus
Address Your Audience
What Do They Already Know?
Make Writing Flow (Transitions)
Enough Support, and Too Much
Arrange Details by:
- LocationBasic Writing
Provide an explanation
Illustrate a scene or idea
Tell a story
Find similarities or differences
Explain how task is completed
Place items into categories
Link events to their causes or explain effects of event
Argue position or point of viewEssay WritingEssay Topic Categories help determine the paper’s organization, info to include, and how to effectively use that info.