RESTRUCTURING  VIETNAM’S STATE – OWNED
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RESTRUCTURING VIETNAM’S STATE – OWNED ENTERPRISE IN THE CONTEXT OF MARKET ECONOMY AND INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATION. Presenter A.Prof., Dr. Tran Xuan Cau . PRESENTATION CONTENTS. CONTENTS. 1. CURRENT OPERATION OF THE STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES (SOE). 2. EXECUTION OF

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RESTRUCTURING VIETNAM’S STATE – OWNED ENTERPRISE IN THE CONTEXT OF MARKET ECONOMY AND INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATION

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Restructuring vietnam s state owned enterprise in the context of market economy and international integration

RESTRUCTURING VIETNAM’S STATE – OWNED ENTERPRISE IN THE CONTEXT OF MARKET ECONOMY AND INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATION

Presenter

A.Prof., Dr. Tran Xuan Cau


Presentation contents

PRESENTATION CONTENTS

CONTENTS

  • 1. CURRENT OPERATION OF THE STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES (SOE)

2. EXECUTION OF

SOE’ RESTRUCTURING, FOCUSING ON STATE GROUPS AND CORPORATIONS IN THE COMING TIME


The current operation of state owned enterprises

THE CURRENT OPERATION OF STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES

1.   SOEs identification

3.The limitations of the current VN SOEs

Contents

2.SOEs in the context of VN economy and world economy

3


The current operation of state owned enterprises1

THE CURRENT OPERATION OF STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES

1. SOEs identification

According to Article 4 in the Vietnam’s Law on Enterprise in 2005: "Enterprise is an economic entity having its own name, assets, and stable transaction office; its business is registered following the legal regulations with the aim of carrying out business activities, whereas State-owned enterprises are enterprises in which the State owns over 50% of charter capital (i.e the capital which is contributed by members and shareholders in a given period of time and is recorded to the company charter) "


The current operation of state owned enterprises2

THE CURRENT OPERATION OF STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES

1. SOEs identification

Divided by size:(As Decision 90, 91 of Gov., 1994)State economic

groups

Divided according to the level of state ownership:

(According to the Project on Government Restructuring, 2012)

  • Enterprises with 100% state capital

  • Equitized enterprises with:

  • - Over 75% of the state capital

  • - 65% of the state capital

  • - Over 50% of the state capital

  • The SOEs which prolonge losses and haven’t no ability to fix

State Corporation

Independent State companies


The current operation of state owned enterprises3

THE CURRENT OPERATION OF STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES


The current operation of state owned enterprises4

THE CURRENT OPERATION OF STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES

Bases established groups and corporation by Decision 90 and Decision 91 of the Prime Minister

  • Article 2 of Decision 91 of the Prime Minister:

    “Group shall have seven members and more business and legal capital (the minimum required capital levels as prescribed by law to established enterprises) at least VND1,000 billion". 

  • Article 5 of Decision 90/TTg of the Prime Minister:

    “The corporation is state-owned enterprises having at least 5 units... All corporations have legal capital of over VND 500 billion, for a number of corporations in specific sectors, the legal capital may be lower but not less than VND 100 billion"


The current operation of state owned enterprises5

THE CURRENT OPERATION OF STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES

The bases newly established groups by the Government's draft

Have a limited liability company or joint-stock company

The conditions listed in the draft of the Government dated November 15, 2011 on criteria for naming groups & corporations

Have a capital of 1,000 billion

VND or  more and own more

than 50% of capital rate of at

least 5 other companies

To be Prime Minister allowed


The current operation of state owned enterprises6

THE CURRENT OPERATION OF STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES

2. SOEs in the context of the VN economy and world economy

Economic context of Vietnam

The context of the world and regional

economy


The current operation of state owned enterprises7

THE CURRENT OPERATION OF STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES

a. State owned enterprises in the context of the economy of Vietnam

Attach to the reform process in Vietnam and international integration:Enterprises operate under the market-oriented mechanism, multi-sector economy is developed Non-state enterprises increased; FDI increased

VN’ economy integrate into the world economy

From 1990

The economy was operating under the market

mechanism, had an autonomy in doing its own production and business activities, tied to market

1986-1990

VN’s economy was operating under the centralized mechanism. The majority was SOEs which had weak competitiveness and slow development

Before 1986


The current operation of state owned enterprises8

THE CURRENT OPERATION OF STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES

Table 1: The different types of enterprises from 2001 to 2009

Source: Statistical Yearbook of the General Department of Statistics


The current operation of state owned enterprises9

THE CURRENT OPERATION OF STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES

b. State owned enterprises in the context of the regional and world

economy


The current operation of state owned enterprises10

THE CURRENT OPERATION OF STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES

  • 3. Current operation of SOEs and their limitation

  • Process of changes in SOEs

Trends:- Number of SOEs decreased continuously reflects the growing trend of multi component economy.

- Reduction in number but high level of concentration, big business efficiency, holding the sectors key


The current operation of state owned enterprises11

THE CURRENT OPERATION OF STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES

Table 2: Change of SOEs in recent years

Source:Statistical Yearbook of the General Department of Statistics 2010 and 2011


The current operation of state owned enterprises12

THE CURRENT OPERATION OF STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES

Table 3: Number of 100% state capital SOEs (as of October 2011)

Source: Report of the Central Steering Committee for Innovation and Enterprise Development


The current operation of state owned enterprises13

THE CURRENT OPERATION OF STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES

Table 4:Centralization levelof 100% state capital SOEs compared to other types of businesses

Source: Report of the Ministry of Finance


Contribution of state owned enterprises

CONTRIBUTION OF STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES

In 2011, 18 SEGs and SCs, especially the Vietnam Oil and Gas, the Military Telecom, and Textile and Garment Group, gained over VND 128 thousand billion profit, paid VND 200 trillion on the state buget, increase of 20% over the previous year.


Current limitations of soes

  • A number of mechanisms and policies is lately promulgated and untimely responses to the reality and solves the practical requirements; the consequences of some state corporations are not completely resolved.

2. Investment is widespread and inefficient.

2. The limitations of the SOEs

3. Financial situation of the groups is weak, having potential risks and imbalances

5. A Number of mechanisms and policies is lately promulgated and untimely responses to the reality and solves the practical requirements

4.The organizational structure of groups is cumbersome, the number of employees in the groups is high

CURRENT LIMITATIONS OF SOEs

1. The SEGs, SC’s competitiveness is not high, not in line with the resources and preferential advantages

6. - The implementation of the rights and obligations of the state for SOEs is still inadequate, awkward and inefficient.


Restructuring vietnam s state owned enterprise in the context of market economy and international integration

1. The SEGs, SC’s competitiveness is not high, not in line with the resources and preferential advantages


2 investment is widespread and inefficient

2. Investment is widespread and inefficient.

Table 5: Investment outside of major business sector (billion VND)

Source: Ministy of Finance, 2011


Inefficient in comparision with none se and fies

Inefficient in comparision with none-SE and FIEs

Table 6: Compared by performance indicators with other enterprises (%)

Source: General Statistics Office. Enterprise survey data, 2008

SOEs had more efficiency than none-Ses but much less than FIEs


3 financial situation of the groups is weak having potential risks and imbalance

3. Financial situation of the groups is weak, having potential risks and imbalance.

Table 7: The total outstanding debt of a large group in Vietnam (as of 9/2011)

Source: Ministry of Finance


Restructuring vietnam s state owned enterprise in the context of market economy and international integration

4. The organizational structure of groups is cumbersome, the number of employees in the groups is high

  • LIMITATIONS- Cumbersome structure, many affiliates

  • (example, EVN has 32 units, 39 subsidiaries, 14 affiliates, and three business units; PetroVietnam has 11 units, 4 corporations,19 ubsidiaries, 3 link units and 3 units of scientific research)

  • Concentration of employees

  • Such, in EVN there are near 10 thousand workers, in Vinchem - 2.7 thousand workers

  • REASONS- Do not have to compete

  • State-backed

  • Impact of subsidy

  • management mechanism in the past

  • - The lack of business management renovation

  • - The weakness of the state agencies in the management of SEGs and SCs

CONSEQUENCES- Easily spiral out of control and management capacity of the SEGs and SC- Loose management, lack of unity and connection between the unit members in the economic groups and corporations


Weakness of the state management agencies for soes

WEAKNESS OF THE STATE MANAGEMENT AGENCIES FOR SOEs

1. A number of mechanisms and policies is lately promulgated and untimely responses to the reality and solves the practical requirements

Investment widespread outside and loss of VINASHIN and VINLINES have appeared in the early 2000's. However, due to the stagnation of the inspection and supervision of state agencies, especially slow implementation of the state auditor, the consequence is often serious and difficult to overcome


Weakness of the government bodies in managing soes

WEAKNESS OF THE GOVERNMENT BODIES IN MANAGING SOEs

2. Inadequate, awkward, inefficient implementation of the rights and obligations of state owners in SOEs


Causes of the limitations

CAUSES OF THE LIMITATIONS

The summary of the causes


Implementation of state owned enterprises restructuring focusing on segs and scs

6. Solutions to solve difficulties to implement SOEs’ restructuring

7. Considerations when restructuring SOEs

3. Contents of SOEs’s restructuring

4. Roadmap of SOEs’ restructuring

2.The goal of restructuring SOEs:

5. Difficulties and challenges of the process of restructuring SOEs

IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES’ RESTRUCTURING, FOCUSING ON SEGs AND SCs

1. Legal basis for implementation of the SOEs’ restructuring


Legal basis for implementation of the soes restructuring

Legal basis for implementation of the SOEs’ restructuring

The Closing Speech delivered by Mr. Nguyen PhuTrong, General Secretary of the Vietnam’s Communist Party, at the 3rd Central Conference, Intake XI on 10th October 2011 on the Decision to restructure the economy

1

5

"Restructuring SOEs, focusing on SEGS and SCs 2011-2015," of the Prime Minister on 17 July 2012

2

4

The 5th Central Conference of the Party Central Committee, intake XI on 15 June 2012

The Directive No. 03 of the Prime Minister dated on 17 January 2012, on promoting the state owned enterprises’ restructuring

3

The Decree No. 101/2009 of the Government on trial establishment, organization and management of SEGs


Main contents of the documents

MAIN CONTENTS OF THE DOCUMENTS

The 5th Central Conference of the PCC

  • Improving the management of SOEs; promoting implementation of state owner, conducting transparent auditing and financial disclosure

The Decree No. 01/2009 of the Gov.

  • Regulating operation and management SEGs and 11 major businesses of the SEGs

The Project Restructuring SOEs, of the P.M

  • Grouping of SOEs and solutions for each group, specifying content and requirements SOE restructuring


The goal of restructuring state owned enterprises

The goal of restructuring state-owned enterprises


The goal of restructuring state owned enterprises1

The goal of restructuring state-owned enterprises


Contents of soes s restructuring

2

3

1

Contents of SOEs’s restructuring

  • Review and respecify the tasks of the business and main business

  • Develop strategy to 2015, Vision to 2020 which are in line with the strategy of the industry, market demand, the ability of capital and managerial capacity

  • Develop plans to reorganize business, and restructuring of membership units


Contents of soes s restructuring1

5

6

4

Contents of SOEs’s restructuring

  • Develop a financial plan to implement the main assigned tasks, give up an investment outside the industry

  • Promote the link among the member enterprises: the parent company focuses to develop a development strategy, renew the organization, management, technology and product, develop market

  • Apply the principles of corporate governance in accordance with the international corporate governance convention; improve internal audit controls mechanism, improve the management


Contents of soes s restructuring2

Contents of SOEs’s restructuring

By early August, 7 out of 11 SEGs submit to the government a scheme to restructure their groups.

- Actual deployment of the main contents of the restructuring scheme in the economic groups and corporations:

  • Business management model- Finance  investment- Corporate governance system- Human Resource Development

    During 8 recent months, 53 economic groups and state corporations have completed and submitted their scheme in which 9 were approved


The limitations in the construction of the scheme of segs and scs

The limitations in the construction of the scheme of SEGs and SCs

  • Inconsistency of basic topics related to restructuring content

  • Serious about assessing the situation; restructuring the content is simple, asynchronous

  • Scheme write very detailed full, the Viet Nam Oil and Gas Corporation: page 155, but the group write very short, only chemicals group summary with 31 pages

  • Lack of detail on some of the content, such as finance, corporate governance, human resource development

  • "If SOEs in general and SEGs in particular have not yet trully perceived about the restructuring and restructuring has not yet their demand, they still use casuistry”

    (Source: Mr. Vo Tri Thanh, Deputy Director of CIEM , "Restructuring SOEs: A weighty achievement and casuistry project", Vietnam Economics Times, No. 194, 14 August 2012, p.5 )


Contents of direction of the government for soe restructuring

Contents of direction of the Government for SOE restructuring


Roadmap of soes restructuring

Roadmap of SOEs’ restructuring


Roadmap of soes restructuring1

Roadmap of SOEs’ restructuring


Roadmap of soes restructuring2

Roadmap of SOEs’ restructuring

Vietnam mainly ongoing passive restructuring


The difficulties and challenges facing the process of restructuring soes

2

1

3

Difficulties

4

5

The difficulties and challenges facing the process of restructuring SOEs

The national financial system is not strong enough to effectively support the restructuring of enterprises

It is not easy to have full recognition and unified action in the political system, especially the heads of SEGs and SCs, for restructuring

The difficulty and instability of the world economy in recent years

The settlemen and placement of employment and redundant labor within SOEs in the restructuring process

Group interests are interfered


The national financial system is not strong enough to effectively support the restructuring

The national financial system is not strong enough to effectively support the restructuring

According to the Minister of Finance Ministry, Mr. Vuong Dinh Hue, VND 55,000 billion to 65,000 billion (equivalent to USD 24 billion to USD 32 billion) are estimated to be needed to restructure SOE including debt restructuring, settlement of losses and redundant labor…This is a matter of concern because it will increase public debt, create a burden for the economybut according to Mr. Hue "we need to make a patient stronger prior to treat the diseases and it is the same in every country”

Is it more effective or should we treat the disease before taking a supplement?


Group interests are interfered

Group interests are interfered

“Group interest” means a group of people who have common interest affecting the agencies, who may make decisions in favor of themselves and those interests and decisions go against the interests of the collective. The groups interests cause disorder and economic losses of the country.

At the conference "SOEs’ Restructuring" organized by the Academy of Finance (MOF) in November 15, 2011, many argue that "The restructuring SOEs will be extremely difficult because it touchs the benefits of powerful groups”


Difficulties in dealing with employment and redundant labor

Difficulties in dealing with employment and redundant labor

  • Organizational restructuring and staff will narrow the production and focus on major business; organizational structure more compact and human resources will reduce, so redundant capacity to work will be happen

  • The Challenge

  • Policy regime for workers is inadequate

  • Unemployment rate is high and Unemployment is great

  • Life of workers is difficult

  • For every SEGs and SCs:

  • - Limited awareness of leaders as well as the employees on the benefits of the restructuring

  • - Psychology afraid to change

  • - Weak management capacity of leades,

  • - Capital shortage.


Some solutions to solve difficulties to implement soes restructuring

Some solutions to solve difficulties to implement SOEs’ restructuring


Considerations when restructuring soes

Considerations when restructuring SOEs


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