Present Tense of Regular and Stem-Changing Verbs
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Present Tense of Regular and Stem-Changing Verbs. -AR. hablar = to speak. yo tú él, ella, Usted (Ud.) Nosotros Vosotros Ellos, ellas, Ustedes (Uds.). habl habl habl habl habl habl. O. AS. A. AMOS. ÁIS. AN. -ER. comer = to eat. yo tú

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Present Tense of Regular and Stem-Changing Verbs

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Present tense of regular and stem changing verbs

Present Tense of Regular and Stem-Changing Verbs

¡Exprésate! Ch.1-1 pg. 12 & 14


Present tense of regular and stem changing verbs

-AR

hablar = to speak

yo

él, ella, Usted (Ud.)

Nosotros

Vosotros

Ellos, ellas, Ustedes (Uds.)

habl

habl

habl

habl

habl

habl

O

AS

A

AMOS

ÁIS

AN

¡Exprésate! Ch.1-1 pg. 12 & 14


Present tense of regular and stem changing verbs

-ER

comer = to eat

yo

él, ella, Usted (Ud.)

Nosotros

Vosotros

Ellos, ellas, Ustedes (Uds.)

com

com

com

com

com

com

O

ES

E

EMOS

ÉIS

EN

¡Exprésate! Ch.1-1 pg. 12 & 14


Present tense of regular and stem changing verbs

-IR

asistir = to attend

yo

él, ella, Usted (Ud.)

Nosotros

Vosotros

Ellos, ellas, Ustedes (Uds.)

asist

asist

asist

asist

asist

asist

O

ES

E

IMOS

ÍS

EN

¡Exprésate! Ch.1-1 pg. 12 & 14


Present tense of regular and stem changing verbs

Un poco de práctica….

(Nosotros) comemos.

  • We eat. (comer)

  • They (mscl) dance. (bailar)

  • Y’all vote. (votar)

  • You (informal) write. (escribir).

  • You (formal) drink. (beber).

(Ellos) bailan.

(Vosotros) votáis. !! Notice the accent!!

(Tú) escribes.

(Usted) bebe.

Rearrange the following words to form a sentence. Then, translate the sentence.

6. vende … ella … manzanas

7. yo …libros…escribo

Ella vende manzanas. She sells apples.

Yo escribo libros. I write books.

¡Exprésate! Ch.1-1 pg. 12 & 14


Present tense of regular and stem changing verbs

Stem- Changing Verbs

Do you remember what a STEM is??

A STEM is the front half of the verb…basically the part before the –AR, -ER, or –IR ending.

What part is the STEM?

HABLAR

COMER

ASISTIR

HABLAR

COMER

ASISTIR

¡Exprésate! Ch.1-1 pg. 12 & 14


Present tense of regular and stem changing verbs

Some verbs have a spelling change in their stems when conjugated. This is purely for orthographic reasons.

There are only 4 types of stem-changing verbs in the present tense.

The spelling change occur in ALL forms EXCEPT NOSOTROS and VOSOTROS.

E → IE

U → UE

O → UE

E → I

pedir (to ask, permisson/order)

pIdo

pIdes

pIde

pEdimos

pEdís

pIden

probar (to try)

prUEbo

prUEbas

prUEba

prObamos

prObáis

prUEban

preferir (to prefer)

prefIEro

prefIEres

prefIEre

prefErimos

prefErís

prefIEren

jugar (to play)

jUEgo

jUEgas

jUEga

jUgamos

jUgáis

jUEgan

¡Exprésate! Ch.1-1 pg. 12 & 14


Present tense of regular and stem changing verbs

Algunos ejemplos…

O → UE

E → IE

poder (to be able to)

dormir (to sleep)

almorzar (to lunch)

volver (to return)

U → UE

E → I

pensar (to think)

empezar (to begin)

entender (to understand)

querer (to want)

cerrar (to close)

jugar (to play)

pedir (to ask, permission/order)

servir (to serve)

repetir (to repeat)

¡Exprésate! Ch.1-1 pg. 12 & 14


Present tense of regular and stem changing verbs

Un poco de práctica….

1. Yo prefiero.

2. Usted pide.

3. Ella puede.

4. Nosotros volvemos. (doesn’t change)

5. Tú empiezas.

6. Él piensa.

7.Vosotros servís. (doesn’t change)

8. Ellos duermen.

9. Ustedes entienden.

10. Ellas quieren.

1. I prefer.

2. You (Ud.) ask.

  • She can.

  • We return.

  • You (Tú) begin.

  • He thinks.

  • Y’all serve.

  • They (ellos) sleep.

  • You all (Uds.) understand.

  • They (ellas) want.

¡Exprésate! Ch.1-1 pg. 12 & 14


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