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The Electoral College. A magnificent anachronism. Clearly Communicated Learning Objectives. Discuss the Electoral College and the strategy of presidential campaigns. Why all The Anger- The 2000 Election of Course. The Media called the election too soon The Supreme Court intervened

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Presentation Transcript
The electoral college

The Electoral College

A magnificent anachronism


Clearly communicated learning objectives
Clearly Communicated Learning Objectives

  • Discuss the Electoral College and the strategy of presidential campaigns


Why all the anger the 2000 election of course
Why all The Anger- The 2000 Election of Course

  • The Media called the election too soon

  • The Supreme Court intervened

  • The Popular vote winner did not win the Presidency


A brief period of anger
A brief period of anger

  • HRC says her first act as Senator would be to reform it

  • And O.J. said he would spend all of his time trying to find the real killer

  • Institutional reform trumps anger


2004 a close call
2004 a Close Call

  • Ohio was very close

  • A small Number of People could have swung the election

  • http://uselectionatlas.org/USPRESIDENT/GENERAL/pe2004whatif.html



Problems of the electoral college
Problems of the Electoral College

  • Faithless electors

    • http://archive.fairvote.org/e_college/faithless.htm

  • Problem of the Unit Rule


Problems of the electoral college1
Problems of the Electoral College

  • Potential for Gridlock

  • Over-representation of small states

  • Minor parties are always hurt, everywhere, all the time


Problems of the electoral college2
Problems of the Electoral College

  • Potential for Minority-Vote winner (2000, 1996, 1992, 1968, 1960)

  • Potential for a wrong winner


Attempts at reform

Attempts at Reform

http://www.entertonement.com/clips/wyscptdhjq--Dune-Sian-Phillips-The-Reverend-Mother-Gaius-Helen-Mohiam-Kyle-MacLachlan-Tried-And-Failed-Tried-and-Died


Attempts at reform1
Attempts at Reform

  • 1950

  • 1969

  • 1979


Some states have made changes
Some States have made changes

  • Article II, Section I allows the states to decide how they choose their electors

  • Maine and Nebraska use a different method (Congressional District Winner + overall winner)


Potential reforms
Potential Reforms!

  • The Proportional Plan

  • The District Plan

  • The Direct Plan

  • State Compact-National Popular Vote


The proportional plan
The Proportional Plan

  • This plan divides Electoral votes based on the popular vote totals from each state.

  • Advantages


The district plan
The District Plan

  • A state’s Electoral Vote is equal to the number of Senators (2) plus the number of Representatives which varies by state.

  • Advantages


The direct plan
The Direct Plan

  • The other plans keep the Electoral College intact, this plan deems the NATIONWIDE popular vote winner as the president.

  • Advantages










The direct plan1
The Direct Plan

Under this plan, 2 elections would have vastly different results

  • 1960- Nixon defeats Kennedy

  • 2000- Gore Defeats Bush

  • Recounts, Runoffs, Fraud


The proportional plan1
The Proportional Plan

This is the most unsteady

  • 1960, 1968, 1976,1992, 1996, 2000

  • Do we want George Wallace to determine our president?

  • Colorado failed to Pass and Amendment on this


The district plan1
The District Plan

  • This would increase the amount of Gerrymandering beyond its current state.

  • Changes several Elections

  • No major state has tried it


State compact
State Compact

  • Working its Way through the states

    • http://www.nationalpopularvote.com/

  • Electors would be required to vote for the popular vote winner

  • The Matter of the Constitution



The electoral college get used to it
The Electoral CollegeGet Used to it

  • What Is Necessary for Change

  • Institutional Difficulties


Why no change some groups love it
Why No Change?- Some Groups love it!

  • The Parties

  • Small States

  • Big States

  • Battleground states


Advantages of the system
Advantages of the System

  • A Proven Track Record

  • Faithless electors are more fun than anything else

  • The Evil Best Known is the Most Tolerable


Advantages of the e c
Advantages of the E.C.

  • Minority Groups

  • Presidents

  • Federalism


The 2008 election
The 2008 Election

  • The Obama victory preserved the Electoral College

  • Absolutely no question about legitimacy



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