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Instructor’s Name Semester, 200_. Chapter Objectives. Explain why it is important for community health workers to be aware of the different health concerns of the various age groups in the United States. Define by age the groups of adolescents and young adults, and adults.

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instructor s name semester 200
Instructor’s Name

Semester, 200_

chapter objectives
Chapter Objectives
  • Explain why it is important for community health workers to be aware of the different health concerns of the various age groups in the United States.
  • Define by age the groups of adolescents and young adults, and adults.
  • Briefly describe key demographic characteristics of adolescents and young adults.
chapter objectives1
Chapter Objectives
  • Explain what the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), the National College Health Risk Behavior Survey (NCHRBS), and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) are and what type of data they generate.
  • Provide a brief behavioral risk profile for adolescents, college students, and adults.
chapter objectives2
Chapter Objectives
  • Outline the health profiles for the various age groups-adolescents and young adults, and adults-listing major causes of mortality, morbidity, and risk factors for each group.
  • Give examples of community health strategies for improving the health status of adolescents and young adults, and adults.
introduction
Introduction
  • Understanding age group Health Risks and Problems
    • Detect risks for specific target populations
    • Propose specific reduction programs
adolescents and young adults
Adolescents and Young Adults
  • Fall into the 15- to 24-year-old range

Baby Echo

    • offspring of the baby boom generation
  • Critical time period
    • faces physical, emotional, and educational changes
demography
Demography
  • The Number of Adolescents and Young Adults
  • Living Arrangements
  • Employment Status
employment status
Employment Status
  • Proportion of overall labor force has remained constant since 1980’s
  • Unemployment rates vary significantly by race and ethnicity
  • Access to health care affected by employment status
health profile adolescents and young adults
Health ProfileAdolescents and Young Adults
  • Mortality
    • Medical advances have reduced death rate dramatically
    • Physical threat comes primarily from behavioral activities
  • Causes
    • Motor vehicle crashes
    • Other unintentional injuries
    • Homicides
    • Suicides
health profile adolescents and young adults1
Health ProfileAdolescents and Young Adults
  • Morbidity
    • Measles
    • Sexually Transmitted Diseases
causes of morbidity
Causes of Morbidity
  • Communicable diseases
    • measles
    • sexually transmitted diseases
health behaviors and lifestyle choices of high school students
Health Behaviors and Lifestyle Choices of High School Students
  • Behaviors that contribute to Unintentional Injury
  • Behaviors that contribute to Intentional Injury
  • Tobacco Use
      • Increased use of smokeless tobacco among teenage males
  • Alcohol and Other Drugs
  • Sexual Behavior
health behaviors and lifestyle choices of college students
Health Behaviors and Lifestyle Choices of College Students
  • Behaviors that contribute to Unintentional Injuries
  • Behaviors that contribute to Intentional Injuries
  • Tobacco Use
  • Alcohol and Other Drugs
  • Sexual Behavior
strategies for improving the health of adolescents and young adults
Strategies for Improving the Health of Adolescents and Young Adults
  • Community Based
    • Involving stakeholders
  • Comprehensive
  • Collaborative
  • Multifaceted
health profile adults
Health ProfileAdults
  • 25 to 64 years old
  • Represents about half the U.S. Population
health profile adults1
Health ProfileAdults
  • Mortality
    • Overall death rate improving
      • Improved health behavior and lifestyles
    • Cancer
    • Cardiovascular Disease
    • Chronic Disease
health profile adults2
Health ProfileAdults
  • Health Behaviors and Lifestyle Choices
    • Smoking
      • Responsible for one in every six deaths
    • Lack of Exercise
    • Alcohol Consumption
    • Weight
risk factors for chronic disease
Risk Factors for Chronic Disease
  • Smoking
  • Lack of exercise
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Body weight
risk factors for personal injury
Risk Factors for Personal Injury
  • Safety belt use
  • Drinking and driving
awareness and screening
Awareness and Screening
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Cholesterol
strategies for improving the health of adults
Strategies for Improving the Health of Adults
  • Primary Prevention programs
    • Exercise
    • Nutrition
  • Secondary Prevention
    • Clinical Screening
  • Tertiary Prevention
    • Medication Compliance
slide28
Chapter 8

Adolescents, Young Adults, and Adults

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