Instructor s name semester 200
Download
1 / 28

Instructor’s Name Semester, 200_ - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 80 Views
  • Uploaded on

Instructor’s Name Semester, 200_. Chapter Objectives. Explain why it is important for community health workers to be aware of the different health concerns of the various age groups in the United States. Define by age the groups of adolescents and young adults, and adults.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Instructor’s Name Semester, 200_' - mary-mullins


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Instructor s name semester 200

Instructor’s Name

Semester, 200_


Chapter objectives
Chapter Objectives

  • Explain why it is important for community health workers to be aware of the different health concerns of the various age groups in the United States.

  • Define by age the groups of adolescents and young adults, and adults.

  • Briefly describe key demographic characteristics of adolescents and young adults.


Chapter objectives1
Chapter Objectives

  • Explain what the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), the National College Health Risk Behavior Survey (NCHRBS), and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) are and what type of data they generate.

  • Provide a brief behavioral risk profile for adolescents, college students, and adults.


Chapter objectives2
Chapter Objectives

  • Outline the health profiles for the various age groups-adolescents and young adults, and adults-listing major causes of mortality, morbidity, and risk factors for each group.

  • Give examples of community health strategies for improving the health status of adolescents and young adults, and adults.


Introduction
Introduction

  • Understanding age group Health Risks and Problems

    • Detect risks for specific target populations

    • Propose specific reduction programs


Adolescents and young adults
Adolescents and Young Adults

  • Fall into the 15- to 24-year-old range

    Baby Echo

    • offspring of the baby boom generation

  • Critical time period

    • faces physical, emotional, and educational changes


Demography
Demography

  • The Number of Adolescents and Young Adults

  • Living Arrangements

  • Employment Status



Employment status
Employment Status

  • Proportion of overall labor force has remained constant since 1980’s

  • Unemployment rates vary significantly by race and ethnicity

  • Access to health care affected by employment status


Health profile adolescents and young adults
Health ProfileAdolescents and Young Adults

  • Mortality

    • Medical advances have reduced death rate dramatically

    • Physical threat comes primarily from behavioral activities

  • Causes

    • Motor vehicle crashes

    • Other unintentional injuries

    • Homicides

    • Suicides



Teen suicide rates yrbs 1999
Teen Suicide Rates (YRBS, 1999)


Health profile adolescents and young adults1
Health ProfileAdolescents and Young Adults

  • Morbidity

    • Measles

    • Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Causes of morbidity
Causes of Morbidity

  • Communicable diseases

    • measles

    • sexually transmitted diseases


Health behaviors and lifestyle choices of high school students
Health Behaviors and Lifestyle Choices of High School Students

  • Behaviors that contribute to Unintentional Injury

  • Behaviors that contribute to Intentional Injury

  • Tobacco Use

    • Increased use of smokeless tobacco among teenage males

  • Alcohol and Other Drugs

  • Sexual Behavior


  • Health behaviors and lifestyle choices of college students
    Health Behaviors and Lifestyle Choices of College Students Students

    • Behaviors that contribute to Unintentional Injuries

    • Behaviors that contribute to Intentional Injuries

    • Tobacco Use

    • Alcohol and Other Drugs

    • Sexual Behavior



    Strategies for improving the health of adolescents and young adults
    Strategies for Improving the Health of Adolescents and Young Adults

    • Community Based

      • Involving stakeholders

    • Comprehensive

    • Collaborative

    • Multifaceted


    Health profile adults
    Health Profile AdultsAdults

    • 25 to 64 years old

    • Represents about half the U.S. Population


    Health profile adults1
    Health Profile AdultsAdults

    • Mortality

      • Overall death rate improving

        • Improved health behavior and lifestyles

      • Cancer

      • Cardiovascular Disease

      • Chronic Disease


    Death rates 24 44 yr per 100 000 pop
    Death Rates Adults(24 - 44 yr.; per 100,000 pop)


    Death rates 45 64 yr per 100 000 pop
    Death Rates Adults(45 - 64 yr.; per 100,000 pop)


    Health profile adults2
    Health Profile AdultsAdults

    • Health Behaviors and Lifestyle Choices

      • Smoking

        • Responsible for one in every six deaths

      • Lack of Exercise

      • Alcohol Consumption

      • Weight


    Risk factors for chronic disease
    Risk Factors for Chronic Disease Adults

    • Smoking

    • Lack of exercise

    • Alcohol consumption

    • Body weight


    Risk factors for personal injury
    Risk Factors for Personal Injury Adults

    • Safety belt use

    • Drinking and driving


    Awareness and screening
    Awareness and Screening Adults

    • Hypertension

    • Diabetes

    • Cholesterol


    Strategies for improving the health of adults
    Strategies for Improving the Health of Adults Adults

    • Primary Prevention programs

      • Exercise

      • Nutrition

    • Secondary Prevention

      • Clinical Screening

    • Tertiary Prevention

      • Medication Compliance


    Chapter 8 Adults

    Adolescents, Young Adults, and Adults


    ad