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MDGs, Development Challenges and Opportunities A Regional Profile. Jean-Etienne Chapron Statistical Division UN Economic Commission For Europe. Millennium Development Goals. Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education

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mdgs development challenges and opportunities a regional profile

MDGs, Development Challenges and Opportunities A Regional Profile

Jean-Etienne Chapron

Statistical Division

UN Economic Commission For Europe

millennium development goals
Millennium Development Goals
  • Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger
  • Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education
  • Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women
millennium development goals1
Millennium Development Goals
  • Goal 4. Reduce child mortality
  • Goal 5. Improve maternal health
  • Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  • Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability
  • Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development
goal 1 eradicate extreme poverty hunger
Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger

% of Population below $1 (1993PP) a day

goal 1 eradicate extreme poverty hunger1
Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger
  • Is the $1 threshold relevant in Southeast European countries ?
  • The use of national poverty lines is recommended.
  • The Albanian case shows that incidence of poverty is very different in urban and rural areas.
goal 1 eradicate extreme poverty hunger2
Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger

% of underweight children under 5 years of age (1995 – 2000)

millennium development goals2
Millennium Development Goals
  • Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger
  • Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education
  • Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women
goal 2 achieve universal primary education
Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education

Gross enrolment ratio in primary education (2000)

goal 2 achieve universal primary education1
Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education

Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5

goal 2 achieve universal primary education2
Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education
  • Southeast European countries are very close to the achievement of universal primary education.
  • The development challenge might be elsewhere. See the following table on secondary level.
goal 2 achieve universal primary education3
Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education

Net enrolment ratio at secondary level

millennium development goals3
Millennium Development Goals
  • Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger
  • Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education
  • Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women
goal 3 promote gender equality and empower women
Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women

Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary, and tertiary education

goal 3 promote gender equality and empower women1
Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women

Share of women in non-agricultural employment

goal 3 promote gender equality and empower women2
Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament (2002)

goal 3 promote gender equality and empower women3
Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women
  • The elimination of gender disparity in education is almost achieved in Southeast Europe.
  • In the context of significant unemployment, the share of women in non-agricultural employment has not decreased.
  • It is necessary to add information on the nature of jobs of women, and the level of their wages in comparison to men.
  • The participation of women in political power is fairly limited in all seven countries.
millennium development goals4
Millennium Development Goals
  • Goal 4. Reduce child mortality
  • Goal 5. Improve maternal health
  • Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  • Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability
  • Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development
goal 4 reduce child mortality
Goal 4. Reduce child mortality

Under-five mortality rate per 1,000 live births (2000)

goal 4 reduce child mortality1
Goal 4. Reduce child mortality

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births

goal 4 reduce child mortality2
Goal 4. Reduce child mortality
  • Under-five and infant mortality have been significantly reduced in the recent years in Southeast European countries.
  • There is still a gap between Southeast Europe and Western Europe.
millennium development goals5
Millennium Development Goals
  • Goal 4. Reduce child mortality
  • Goal 5. Improve maternal health
  • Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  • Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability
  • Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development
goal 5 improve maternal health
Goal 5. Improve maternal health

Maternal mortality ratio per 100,000 live births(1995)

millennium development goals6
Millennium Development Goals
  • Goal 4. Reduce child mortality
  • Goal 5. Improve maternal health
  • Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  • Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability
  • Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development
goal 6 combat hiv aids malaria and other diseases1
Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis per 100,000 population (2000)

goal 6 combat hiv aids malaria and other diseases2
Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  • Southeast European countries are experiencing a dramatic increase of HIV/AIDS epidemic, similarly to Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
  • However, statistics of reported new cases are subject to social and cultural bias, which may impact the reliability of growth rates.
millennium development goals7
Millennium Development Goals
  • Goal 4. Reduce child mortality
  • Goal 5. Improve maternal health
  • Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  • Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability
  • Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development
goal 7 ensure environmental sustainability
Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability

CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

goal 7 ensure environmental sustainability1
Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability

Proportion of population with sustainable access to an improved water source (2000)

goal 7 ensure environmental sustainability2
Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability

Proportion of urban population with access to improved sanitation (2000)

millennium development goals8
Millennium Development Goals
  • Goal 4. Reduce child mortality
  • Goal 5. Improve maternal health
  • Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  • Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability
  • Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development
goal 8 develop a global partnership for development
Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development
  • The majority of targets associated to this goal are specific to least developed countries, Africa, landlocked countries, and small island developing countries.
  • Strategies for decent and productive work for youth will be adressed by ILO in the future years. Some aspects may be relevant to Southeast European countries.
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