Mdgs development challenges and opportunities a regional profile
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MDGs, Development Challenges and Opportunities A Regional Profile. Jean-Etienne Chapron Statistical Division UN Economic Commission For Europe. Millennium Development Goals. Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education

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MDGs, Development Challenges and Opportunities A Regional Profile

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MDGs, Development Challenges and Opportunities A Regional Profile

Jean-Etienne Chapron

Statistical Division

UN Economic Commission For Europe


Millennium Development Goals

  • Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger

  • Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education

  • Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women


Millennium Development Goals

  • Goal 4. Reduce child mortality

  • Goal 5. Improve maternal health

  • Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

  • Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability

  • Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development


Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger

% of Population below $1 (1993PP) a day


Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger

  • Is the $1 threshold relevant in Southeast European countries ?

  • The use of national poverty lines is recommended.

  • The Albanian case shows that incidence of poverty is very different in urban and rural areas.


Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger

% of underweight children under 5 years of age (1995 – 2000)


Millennium Development Goals

  • Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger

  • Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education

  • Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women


Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education

Gross enrolment ratio in primary education (2000)


Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education

Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5


Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education

  • Southeast European countries are very close to the achievement of universal primary education.

  • The development challenge might be elsewhere. See the following table on secondary level.


Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education

Net enrolment ratio at secondary level


Millennium Development Goals

  • Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger

  • Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education

  • Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women


Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women

Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary, and tertiary education


Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women

Share of women in non-agricultural employment


Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament (2002)


Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women

  • The elimination of gender disparity in education is almost achieved in Southeast Europe.

  • In the context of significant unemployment, the share of women in non-agricultural employment has not decreased.

  • It is necessary to add information on the nature of jobs of women, and the level of their wages in comparison to men.

  • The participation of women in political power is fairly limited in all seven countries.


Millennium Development Goals

  • Goal 4. Reduce child mortality

  • Goal 5. Improve maternal health

  • Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

  • Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability

  • Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development


Goal 4. Reduce child mortality

Under-five mortality rate per 1,000 live births (2000)


Goal 4. Reduce child mortality

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births


Goal 4. Reduce child mortality

  • Under-five and infant mortality have been significantly reduced in the recent years in Southeast European countries.

  • There is still a gap between Southeast Europe and Western Europe.


Millennium Development Goals

  • Goal 4. Reduce child mortality

  • Goal 5. Improve maternal health

  • Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

  • Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability

  • Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development


Goal 5. Improve maternal health

Maternal mortality ratio per 100,000 live births(1995)


Millennium Development Goals

  • Goal 4. Reduce child mortality

  • Goal 5. Improve maternal health

  • Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

  • Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability

  • Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development


Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

New AIDS cases reported


Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis per 100,000 population (2000)


Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

  • Southeast European countries are experiencing a dramatic increase of HIV/AIDS epidemic, similarly to Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

  • However, statistics of reported new cases are subject to social and cultural bias, which may impact the reliability of growth rates.


Millennium Development Goals

  • Goal 4. Reduce child mortality

  • Goal 5. Improve maternal health

  • Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

  • Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability

  • Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development


Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability

CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)


Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability

Proportion of population with sustainable access to an improved water source (2000)


Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability

Proportion of urban population with access to improved sanitation (2000)


Millennium Development Goals

  • Goal 4. Reduce child mortality

  • Goal 5. Improve maternal health

  • Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

  • Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability

  • Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development


Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development

  • The majority of targets associated to this goal are specific to least developed countries, Africa, landlocked countries, and small island developing countries.

  • Strategies for decent and productive work for youth will be adressed by ILO in the future years. Some aspects may be relevant to Southeast European countries.


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