QUARTERLY REVIEW. US HISTORY II - HONORS. By Mrs. Minnicks. World War II (1939-1945). UNDERLYING: Treaty of Versailles Nationalism Worldwide Depression Dictatorships The policy of appeasement American Isolationism. DIRECT: Germany invading Poland on September 1 st , 1939.
US HISTORY II - HONORS
By Mrs. Minnicks
Treaty of Versailles
The policy of appeasement
Germany invading Poland on September 1st, 1939
October 1941: General Tojo became Prime Minister of Japan and wanted war with the US.
Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis, 1940
The Tripartite Pact
United States and Japan
Executive Order 9066
After Pearl Harbor, military officials began to investigate the Japanese American community for signs of spying or other illegal activity.
It was recommended that all people of Japanese background be removed from the West Coast.
Order 9066 established military zones and could force people to leave these zones.
Japanese Americans in California, Washington, Oregon, and Arizona were forced into internment camps.
Many lost their homes and businesses.
Japanese American Loyalty
While interned, Japanese Americans were forced to answer questions about their loyalty to the United States.
German and Italian Americans also faced restrictions.
Many young people from the camps joined the armed forces to prove their loyalty.
Not all Japanese Americans accepted their internment peacefully.
Some mounted legal challenges such as Korematsuv. United States.
Soviet Union (after German attack on June 22, 1941)
D-Day (June 6, 1944)
-Battle of the Coral Sea (May,1942)
-Battle of Midway (June, 1942)
-Battle of Guadalcanal (Aug. 1942-Feb. 1943)
From February 1943 on, the US forces began to selectively attack enemy-held islands in the Pacific.
The Japanese fiercely defended their positions and both sides suffered heavy casualties.
-Iwo Jima (1945)
Harry S Truman became president when Roosevelt died. He had to decide whether the United States should use the Manhattan Project’s atomic bomb.
After consulting with his advisors, Truman decided to drop the bomb on a Japanese city. There would be no warning.
On August 6, 1945, the Enola Gay dropped its atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima.
Despite the horror caused by the bomb, the Japanese did not surrender.
On August 9, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Nagasaki. Even this did not bring an end to the war.
Finally, on August 14/15 (both days are celebrated)– known from then on as V-J Day—the Japanese emperor Hirohito announced the end of the war.
Dr. Robert Oppenheimer
The Nuremberg War Trials:Crimes Against Humanity
Early Computer Technology Came Out of WW II
Mark I, 1944