Features of sla
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 13

Features of SLA PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 112 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Features of SLA. In this lecture , we are going to set the main general concluding features of SLA under the question: What are the main features of SLA? OR Out of your study of SLA, state at least four of its main features in details. Introduction.

Download Presentation

Features of SLA

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Features of sla

Features of SLA

  • In this lecture , we are going to set the main general concluding features of SLA under the question:

  • What are the main features of SLA?

    OR

    Out of your study of SLA, state at least four of its main features in details.

S.Eldaly


Introduction

Introduction

He proposed a theory of the development of higher cognitive functions in children that saw the emergence of the reasoning as emerging through practical activity in a social environment. During the earlier period of his career he argued that the development of reasoning was mediated by signs and therefore contingent on cultural practices and language as well as on universal cognitive processes.

S Eldaly


Three major tenets

Three major tenets:

Vygotsky’ssociocultural theory can be summarized in terms of three major tenets:

1. the developmental analysis of mental processes;

2. the social origin of human mental processes; and

3. the role of sign systems in the development of human higher mental function

S Eldaly


Definition

Definition

Vygotsky’ssociocultural theory of human learning describes learning as a social process and the origination of human intelligence in society or culture. The major theme of Vygotsky’s theoretical framework is that social interaction plays a fundamental role in the development of cognition. Vygotsky believed everything is learned on two levels; WHAT ARE THESE TWO LEVELS?

S Eldaly


Features of sla

First, through interaction with others, and then integrated into the individual’s mental structure.

Every function in the child’s cultural development appears twice: first, on the social level, and later, on the individual level; first, between people (inter-psychological) and then inside the child (intra-psychological). This applies equally to voluntary attention, to logical memory, and to the formation of concepts. All the higher functions originate as actual relationships between individuals

S Eldaly


What is zpd

What is ZPD?

A second aspect of Vygotsky’s theory is the idea that the potential for cognitive development is limited to a "zone of proximal development" (ZPD). This "zone" is the area of exploration for which the student is cognitively prepared, but requires help and social interaction to fully develop. Collaborative learning, discourse, and modeling are strategies for supporting the intellectual knowledge and skills of learners and facilitating intentional learning.

S Eldaly


What are the major characteristics of inner speech

What are the major characteristics of inner speech?

In inner speech, the role of syntax and phonetics is minimalized. The sentence-level subject (agent) and other syntactic expressions associated with it are deleted. This reduction may be explained by the fact that the agent of the action expressed in the subject of a sentence is well known to the speaker; therefore, there is no need, to mention it.

S Eldaly


Example

Example:

According to Vygotsky, inner speech exhibits ‘‘abbreviations’’ on both the syntactic and the semantic level. As we may expect to hear a single ‘‘No’’ in place of a complete answer, ‘‘No, I do not want to go to the movies,’’. Vygotsky calls this abbreviation of the syntax of inner speech ‘‘predicativity’’.

S Eldaly


Vygotsky s meaning of word

Vygotsky’s meaning of “word”

He found that words play an important role in inner speech. Any word carries two meanings, according to Vygotsky: one is stable, ‘‘fixed’ across different contexts, just as one may find it in a dictionary; the other “sense” has less to do with its recognizable external meaning than with its many psychological associations, acquired during the process of internalizing the many words and utterances one has encountered in many different sociocultural contexts in the course of his or her life. The latter feature of inner speech is ‘‘sense” of a word over its meaning.

S Eldaly


Meaning sense

Meaning &Sense

Vygotsky distinguishes between meaning and sense. The former has a referential function and is constant across different contexts, like a dictionary definition, and the latter differs depending on a context. For example, the meaning of the word green indicates a color; its sense, however, may indicate either a color or the name of a

political party (the Green Party).

S Eldaly


Questions on the lecture

Questions on the lecture:

  • 1- what are the three major tenets of Vygotsky’s theory?

  • 2- Define Vygotsky’sSociocultural theory?

  • 3- what are the two levels for learning?

  • 4-( ZPD ) Define the term.

  • 5- What are the major characteristics of inner speech? Give examples

  • 6- Vygotsky gives a meaning to the term “word”. Discuss (- Meaning and Sense are related to each other. Discuss)

S Eldaly


Features of sla

S Eldaly


Features of sla1

Features of SLA

  • In this lecture , we are going to set the main general concluding features of SLA under the question:

  • What are the main features of SLA?

    OR

    Out of your study of SLA, state at least four of its main features in details.

S.Eldaly


  • Login