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Introduce Remote Installation Services Understand the Remote Installation Services process PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Goals. Introduce Remote Installation Services Understand the Remote Installation Services process Configure a RIS server Customize RIS server properties Customize RIS client installation options Create a RIPrep image Create a RIS boot disk Verify RIS configuration. (Skill 1).

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Introduce Remote Installation Services Understand the Remote Installation Services process

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Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

Goals

  • Introduce Remote Installation Services

  • Understand the Remote Installation Services process

  • Configure a RIS server

  • Customize RIS server properties

  • Customize RIS client installation options

  • Create a RIPrep image

  • Create a RIS boot disk

  • Verify RIS configuration


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services

  • Remote Installation Service (RIS)enables you to automate operating system installation

    • Windows 2000

    • Windows Server 2003

    • Windows XP Professional

  • Used to install the operating system on multiple computers simultaneously


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (2)

  • RIS requirements

    • DHCP server

    • DNS server - Windows 2000 or Windows Server 2003-compliant

    • Active Directory service


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (3)

  • Major components

    • RIS servers

      • Information required for the installation, such as computer names, time zone settings, and network settings, is specified on RIS servers

    • RIS clients

      • The computers on which the operating system is to be installed


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 1)

Figure 14-1 Components of RIS


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (4)

  • Services added when RIS is installed on a server

    • Boot Information Negotiation Layer Service (BINLSVC)

    • Trivial File Transfer Protocol Daemon (TFTPD)

    • Single Instance Store (SIS)


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (5)

  • Boot Information Negotiation Layer Service (BINLSVC)

    • Listens for client network requests

    • Manages the RIS environment

    • Controls the response to network service requests from RIS clients


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (6)

  • Trivial File Transfer Protocol Daemon (TFTPD) service

    • Manages file transfer requests from RIS clients during a remote installation

    • Downloads

      • Initial files such as the bootstrap files

      • Client Installation Wizard (CIW)


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (7)

  • Single Instance Store (SIS) service

    • Minimizes the disk space required to store the RIS installation images on the RIS server

    • Tries to link together all files related to the installation

    • Removes redundant copies


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (8)

  • Two types of RIS clients

    • Computers that support Preboot Execution Environment (PXE) DHCP-based remote boot ROMS

    • Computers with network cards that the RIS boot disk supports


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 1)

Figure 14-2 RIS clients


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (9)

  • Client computers that support Preboot Execution Environment (PXE) DHCP-based remote boot ROMS

    • PXE technology enables computers to start an operating system installation from a remote source (like the RIS server)

    • PXE architecture enables computers to connect to the network and execute programs by booting directly from a network image


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (10)

  • Client computers with network cards that the RIS boot disk supports

    • If a computer does not support PXE DHCP-based remote boot technology, you can create a RIS boot disk

    • Use Rbfg.exe to create a RIS boot disk

    • Rbfg.exe emulates PXE remote boot technology


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 1)

Figure 14-3 Creating an RIS boot disk


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 1: Locating a RIS server for RIS installation

    • A computer without an operating system should boot from the network

    • The computer then sends a DHCP discover packet to request an IP address with its GUID or UUID


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process (2)

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 1: Locating a RIS server for RIS installation

    • The DHCP server allocates an IP address to the computer

    • The RIS server sends its IP address to the computer along with the name of the boot file

    • The system prompts the user to press F12 to start the installation


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process (3)

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 2: Downloading Client Installation Wizard (CIW)

    • The selected RIS server checks the pre-staged computer accounts in Active Directory for an account with a matching GUID

    • The Client Installation Wizard (CIW) is downloaded to the computer

    • The CIW prompts the user to log on to the network


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process (4)

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 3: Checking the account

    • The RIS server checks the account information

    • The RIS server determines the installation options

    • If the machine is pre-staged, the GUID/UUID is checked at this time


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process (5)

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 4: Selecting the operating system image

    • The user selects the required operating system image

    • The CIW displays a warning that the hard disk will be reformatted

    • The remote installation starts


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process (6)

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 5: Completing installation

    • CIW confirms the installation settings with the user

    • If the computer has not been pre-staged and its account is not created in Active Directory, the BINL service creates the computer account

    • The operating system is fully installed


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 3)

Configuring a RIS Server

  • There are two steps involved in configuring a RIS server

    • Add the RIS component to the server

    • Run the Remote Installation Services Setup Wizardto install and configure RIS


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 3)

Figure 14-4 Tasks Performed by Remote Installation Services Setup


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 3)

Figure 14-5 Installing Remote Installation Services


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 3)

Figure 14-6 The Remote Installation Services Setup Wizard


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 3)

Figure 14-7 The Friendly Description and Help Text screen


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 3)

Figure 14-8 Completing the Remote Installation Services Setup Wizard


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 4)

Customizing RIS Server Properties

  • The RIS server can be customized in how it handles client requests

  • You use the Remote Install tab of the Properties dialog box for the selected server to change the settings


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 4)

Customizing RIS Server Properties (2)

  • Properties you can modify

    • Prevent client installation

      • Select the Do not respond to unknown client computers check box

    • Stop/start service

      • Select the Respond to client computers requesting service check box


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 4)

Customizing RIS Server Properties (3)

  • Properties you can modify

    • Specify the clients to be serviced

    • Select the RIS server to service the pre-staged clients (this is useful for load balancing)

    • Specify how names for new clients will be generated

    • Set the location where the client accounts


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 4)

Customizing RIS Server Properties (4)

  • Properties you can modify

    • Operating system

    • Platform

    • Language images for installation


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 4)

Figure 14-9 The Remote Install tab


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 4)

Figure 14-10 The New Clients tab on the <server_name>-Remote-Installation-Services Properties dialog box


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 4)

Figure 14-11 The Images tab


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 4)

Figure 14-12 The Image Properties dialog box


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 4)

Figure 14-13 The Computer Account Generation dialog box


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options

  • You can customize the Client installation options when a RIS server is configured

  • Use the Choice Options Properties dialog box to view and modify the RIS installation options for a GPO


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options (2)

  • Installation options

    • Automatic Setup

    • Custom Setup

    • Restart Setup

    • Tools


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options (3)

  • Automatic Setup

    • The default installation option

    • Installation starts as soon as the user logs on

    • Users will not be prompted for any of the settings

    • Users can select the operating system images that include the applications they need to install


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options (4)

  • Custom Setup

    • Users can override the computer name

    • Users can specify the location for the client account generated by the RIS server


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options (5)

  • Restart Setup

    • Saves users time if there is an incomplete setup attempt

    • When setup starts again, users are not prompted for any values they already entered


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options (6)

  • Tools

    • Allows users to use troubleshooting tools before the operating system has been installed

    • Typical troubleshooting tools

      • System BIOS flash updates

      • Memory virus scanners


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 5)

Figure 14-14 RIS Group Policy


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 5)

Figure 14-15 The Choice Options dialog box


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 6)

Creating a RIPrep Image

  • RIPrep images

    • Compressed form of the operating system and applications images

    • They are different from the default CD-based image

      • CD-based images enable you to install only the basic operating system without any applications

      • CD-based images provide settings defined by a standard unattended answer file


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 6)

Creating a RIPrep Image (2)

  • RIPrep images

    • Include various applications and desktop settings

    • Useful in situations in which different users require different set of applications

    • Files associated with each image are never duplicated

    • A RIS install requires more time as it is a full install


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 6)

Creating a RIPrep Image (3)

  • Creating a RIPrep image using the RIPrep tool

    • Install the operating system and all necessary applications and configure the required desktop settings on a computer

    • Copy the Administrator profile to the default user profile and allow all users to use it

    • Test the image

    • Create a RIPrep image of this computer and store the image on a RIS server


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 6)

Creating a RIPrep Image (4)

  • During image creation, the system performs several tasks

    • Verifies the version of Windows

    • Analyzes partitions

    • Copies partition information

    • Copies files to the server

    • Copies and updates Registry information

    • Shuts down the computer


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 6)

Creating a RIPrep Image (5)

  • Answer files

    • Are .sif files associated with both CD-based images and RIPrep images

    • Contain the answers to the various prompts that a user receives during a normal installation

    • Access to RIPrep images can be controlled by setting permissions for the associated .sif files

    • This ensures that a user selects the correct image


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 6)

Figure 14-16 The Remote Installation Preparation Wizard


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 6)

Figure 14-17 The Server Name screen


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 6)

Figure 14-18 Specifying a folder in which to store the RIPrep image


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 6)

Figure 14-19 Specifying a description and help text for the image


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 6)

Figure 14-20 Viewing a summary of the RIPrep settings


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 7)

Creating a RIS Boot Disk

  • If your computer does not have a PXE DHCP-based boot ROM, you must create a RIS boot disk before you can use RIS

    • The RIS boot disk supports certain network cards

    • If the network cards or the chipsets of the RIS clients are supported by the RIS boot disk, a RIS-based installation can be performed on them

  • You use the Remote Boot File Generator (Rbfg.exe) utility to create the RIS boot disk


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 7)

Figure 14-21 The Supported Adapters dialog box


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 7)

Figure 14-22 The Microsoft Windows Remote Boot Disk Generator dialog box


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 7)

Figure 14-23 The Microsoft Windows Remote Boot Disk Generator message box


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 7)

Figure 14-24 RISDISK


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 8)

Verifying RIS Configuration

  • You may need to verify the RIS server when it is not servicing RIS client requests properly

  • You use the Check Server Wizard to verify the configuration of RIS


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 8)

Verifying RIS Configuration (2)

  • Check Server Wizard

    • Tests the settings of the RIS server

    • Records and fixes (if possible) any problems with the BINL, SIS, or TFTPD services in the event log

    • Displays a summary of the RIS configuration

    • Does not validate the RIPrep images stored on the server


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 8)

Figure 14-25 The Check Server Wizard


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 8)

Figure 14-26 The Remote Installation Services Verification Complete screen


Introduce remote installation services understand the remote installation services process

(Skill 8)

Figure 14-27 Starting RIS and authorizing DHCP


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