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Introduce Remote Installation Services Understand the Remote Installation Services process

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Goals. Introduce Remote Installation Services Understand the Remote Installation Services process Configure a RIS server Customize RIS server properties Customize RIS client installation options Create a RIPrep image Create a RIS boot disk Verify RIS configuration. (Skill 1).

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Goals

  • Introduce Remote Installation Services
  • Understand the Remote Installation Services process
  • Configure a RIS server
  • Customize RIS server properties
  • Customize RIS client installation options
  • Create a RIPrep image
  • Create a RIS boot disk
  • Verify RIS configuration
slide2

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services

  • Remote Installation Service (RIS)enables you to automate operating system installation
    • Windows 2000
    • Windows Server 2003
    • Windows XP Professional
  • Used to install the operating system on multiple computers simultaneously
slide3

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (2)

  • RIS requirements
    • DHCP server
    • DNS server - Windows 2000 or Windows Server 2003-compliant
    • Active Directory service
slide4

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (3)

  • Major components
    • RIS servers
      • Information required for the installation, such as computer names, time zone settings, and network settings, is specified on RIS servers
    • RIS clients
      • The computers on which the operating system is to be installed
slide5

(Skill 1)

Figure 14-1 Components of RIS

slide6

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (4)

  • Services added when RIS is installed on a server
    • Boot Information Negotiation Layer Service (BINLSVC)
    • Trivial File Transfer Protocol Daemon (TFTPD)
    • Single Instance Store (SIS)
slide7

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (5)

  • Boot Information Negotiation Layer Service (BINLSVC)
    • Listens for client network requests
    • Manages the RIS environment
    • Controls the response to network service requests from RIS clients
slide8

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (6)

  • Trivial File Transfer Protocol Daemon (TFTPD) service
    • Manages file transfer requests from RIS clients during a remote installation
    • Downloads
      • Initial files such as the bootstrap files
      • Client Installation Wizard (CIW)
slide9

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (7)

  • Single Instance Store (SIS) service
    • Minimizes the disk space required to store the RIS installation images on the RIS server
    • Tries to link together all files related to the installation
    • Removes redundant copies
slide10

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (8)

  • Two types of RIS clients
    • Computers that support Preboot Execution Environment (PXE) DHCP-based remote boot ROMS
    • Computers with network cards that the RIS boot disk supports
slide11

(Skill 1)

Figure 14-2 RIS clients

slide12

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (9)

  • Client computers that support Preboot Execution Environment (PXE) DHCP-based remote boot ROMS
    • PXE technology enables computers to start an operating system installation from a remote source (like the RIS server)
    • PXE architecture enables computers to connect to the network and execute programs by booting directly from a network image
slide13

(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (10)

  • Client computers with network cards that the RIS boot disk supports
    • If a computer does not support PXE DHCP-based remote boot technology, you can create a RIS boot disk
    • Use Rbfg.exe to create a RIS boot disk
    • Rbfg.exe emulates PXE remote boot technology
slide14

(Skill 1)

Figure 14-3 Creating an RIS boot disk

slide15

(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 1: Locating a RIS server for RIS installation
    • A computer without an operating system should boot from the network
    • The computer then sends a DHCP discover packet to request an IP address with its GUID or UUID
slide16

(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process (2)

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 1: Locating a RIS server for RIS installation
    • The DHCP server allocates an IP address to the computer
    • The RIS server sends its IP address to the computer along with the name of the boot file
    • The system prompts the user to press F12 to start the installation
slide17

(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process (3)

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 2: Downloading Client Installation Wizard (CIW)
    • The selected RIS server checks the pre-staged computer accounts in Active Directory for an account with a matching GUID
    • The Client Installation Wizard (CIW) is downloaded to the computer
    • The CIW prompts the user to log on to the network
slide18

(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process (4)

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 3: Checking the account
    • The RIS server checks the account information
    • The RIS server determines the installation options
    • If the machine is pre-staged, the GUID/UUID is checked at this time
slide19

(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process (5)

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 4: Selecting the operating system image
    • The user selects the required operating system image
    • The CIW displays a warning that the hard disk will be reformatted
    • The remote installation starts
slide20

(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process (6)

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 5: Completing installation
    • CIW confirms the installation settings with the user
    • If the computer has not been pre-staged and its account is not created in Active Directory, the BINL service creates the computer account
    • The operating system is fully installed
slide21

(Skill 3)

Configuring a RIS Server

  • There are two steps involved in configuring a RIS server
    • Add the RIS component to the server
    • Run the Remote Installation Services Setup Wizardto install and configure RIS
slide22

(Skill 3)

Figure 14-4 Tasks Performed by Remote Installation Services Setup

slide23

(Skill 3)

Figure 14-5 Installing Remote Installation Services

slide24

(Skill 3)

Figure 14-6 The Remote Installation Services Setup Wizard

slide25

(Skill 3)

Figure 14-7 The Friendly Description and Help Text screen

slide26

(Skill 3)

Figure 14-8 Completing the Remote Installation Services Setup Wizard

slide27

(Skill 4)

Customizing RIS Server Properties

  • The RIS server can be customized in how it handles client requests
  • You use the Remote Install tab of the Properties dialog box for the selected server to change the settings
slide28

(Skill 4)

Customizing RIS Server Properties (2)

  • Properties you can modify
    • Prevent client installation
      • Select the Do not respond to unknown client computers check box
    • Stop/start service
      • Select the Respond to client computers requesting service check box
slide29

(Skill 4)

Customizing RIS Server Properties (3)

  • Properties you can modify
    • Specify the clients to be serviced
    • Select the RIS server to service the pre-staged clients (this is useful for load balancing)
    • Specify how names for new clients will be generated
    • Set the location where the client accounts
slide30

(Skill 4)

Customizing RIS Server Properties (4)

  • Properties you can modify
    • Operating system
    • Platform
    • Language images for installation
slide31

(Skill 4)

Figure 14-9 The Remote Install tab

slide32

(Skill 4)

Figure 14-10 The New Clients tab on the <server_name>-Remote-Installation-Services Properties dialog box

slide33

(Skill 4)

Figure 14-11 The Images tab

slide34

(Skill 4)

Figure 14-12 The Image Properties dialog box

slide35

(Skill 4)

Figure 14-13 The Computer Account Generation dialog box

slide36

(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options

  • You can customize the Client installation options when a RIS server is configured
  • Use the Choice Options Properties dialog box to view and modify the RIS installation options for a GPO
slide37

(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options (2)

  • Installation options
    • Automatic Setup
    • Custom Setup
    • Restart Setup
    • Tools
slide38

(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options (3)

  • Automatic Setup
    • The default installation option
    • Installation starts as soon as the user logs on
    • Users will not be prompted for any of the settings
    • Users can select the operating system images that include the applications they need to install
slide39

(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options (4)

  • Custom Setup
    • Users can override the computer name
    • Users can specify the location for the client account generated by the RIS server
slide40

(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options (5)

  • Restart Setup
    • Saves users time if there is an incomplete setup attempt
    • When setup starts again, users are not prompted for any values they already entered
slide41

(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options (6)

  • Tools
    • Allows users to use troubleshooting tools before the operating system has been installed
    • Typical troubleshooting tools
      • System BIOS flash updates
      • Memory virus scanners
slide42

(Skill 5)

Figure 14-14 RIS Group Policy

slide43

(Skill 5)

Figure 14-15 The Choice Options dialog box

slide44

(Skill 6)

Creating a RIPrep Image

  • RIPrep images
    • Compressed form of the operating system and applications images
    • They are different from the default CD-based image
      • CD-based images enable you to install only the basic operating system without any applications
      • CD-based images provide settings defined by a standard unattended answer file
slide45

(Skill 6)

Creating a RIPrep Image (2)

  • RIPrep images
    • Include various applications and desktop settings
    • Useful in situations in which different users require different set of applications
    • Files associated with each image are never duplicated
    • A RIS install requires more time as it is a full install
slide46

(Skill 6)

Creating a RIPrep Image (3)

  • Creating a RIPrep image using the RIPrep tool
    • Install the operating system and all necessary applications and configure the required desktop settings on a computer
    • Copy the Administrator profile to the default user profile and allow all users to use it
    • Test the image
    • Create a RIPrep image of this computer and store the image on a RIS server
slide47

(Skill 6)

Creating a RIPrep Image (4)

  • During image creation, the system performs several tasks
    • Verifies the version of Windows
    • Analyzes partitions
    • Copies partition information
    • Copies files to the server
    • Copies and updates Registry information
    • Shuts down the computer
slide48

(Skill 6)

Creating a RIPrep Image (5)

  • Answer files
    • Are .sif files associated with both CD-based images and RIPrep images
    • Contain the answers to the various prompts that a user receives during a normal installation
    • Access to RIPrep images can be controlled by setting permissions for the associated .sif files
    • This ensures that a user selects the correct image
slide49

(Skill 6)

Figure 14-16 The Remote Installation Preparation Wizard

slide50

(Skill 6)

Figure 14-17 The Server Name screen

slide51

(Skill 6)

Figure 14-18 Specifying a folder in which to store the RIPrep image

slide52

(Skill 6)

Figure 14-19 Specifying a description and help text for the image

slide53

(Skill 6)

Figure 14-20 Viewing a summary of the RIPrep settings

slide54

(Skill 7)

Creating a RIS Boot Disk

  • If your computer does not have a PXE DHCP-based boot ROM, you must create a RIS boot disk before you can use RIS
    • The RIS boot disk supports certain network cards
    • If the network cards or the chipsets of the RIS clients are supported by the RIS boot disk, a RIS-based installation can be performed on them
  • You use the Remote Boot File Generator (Rbfg.exe) utility to create the RIS boot disk
slide55

(Skill 7)

Figure 14-21 The Supported Adapters dialog box

slide56

(Skill 7)

Figure 14-22 The Microsoft Windows Remote Boot Disk Generator dialog box

slide57

(Skill 7)

Figure 14-23 The Microsoft Windows Remote Boot Disk Generator message box

slide58

(Skill 7)

Figure 14-24 RISDISK

slide59

(Skill 8)

Verifying RIS Configuration

  • You may need to verify the RIS server when it is not servicing RIS client requests properly
  • You use the Check Server Wizard to verify the configuration of RIS
slide60

(Skill 8)

Verifying RIS Configuration (2)

  • Check Server Wizard
    • Tests the settings of the RIS server
    • Records and fixes (if possible) any problems with the BINL, SIS, or TFTPD services in the event log
    • Displays a summary of the RIS configuration
    • Does not validate the RIPrep images stored on the server
slide61

(Skill 8)

Figure 14-25 The Check Server Wizard

slide62

(Skill 8)

Figure 14-26 The Remote Installation Services Verification Complete screen

slide63

(Skill 8)

Figure 14-27 Starting RIS and authorizing DHCP

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