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Goals. Introduce Remote Installation Services Understand the Remote Installation Services process Configure a RIS server Customize RIS server properties Customize RIS client installation options Create a RIPrep image Create a RIS boot disk Verify RIS configuration. (Skill 1).

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Goals

  • Introduce Remote Installation Services

  • Understand the Remote Installation Services process

  • Configure a RIS server

  • Customize RIS server properties

  • Customize RIS client installation options

  • Create a RIPrep image

  • Create a RIS boot disk

  • Verify RIS configuration


(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services

  • Remote Installation Service (RIS)enables you to automate operating system installation

    • Windows 2000

    • Windows Server 2003

    • Windows XP Professional

  • Used to install the operating system on multiple computers simultaneously


(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (2)

  • RIS requirements

    • DHCP server

    • DNS server - Windows 2000 or Windows Server 2003-compliant

    • Active Directory service


(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (3)

  • Major components

    • RIS servers

      • Information required for the installation, such as computer names, time zone settings, and network settings, is specified on RIS servers

    • RIS clients

      • The computers on which the operating system is to be installed


(Skill 1)

Figure 14-1 Components of RIS


(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (4)

  • Services added when RIS is installed on a server

    • Boot Information Negotiation Layer Service (BINLSVC)

    • Trivial File Transfer Protocol Daemon (TFTPD)

    • Single Instance Store (SIS)


(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (5)

  • Boot Information Negotiation Layer Service (BINLSVC)

    • Listens for client network requests

    • Manages the RIS environment

    • Controls the response to network service requests from RIS clients


(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (6)

  • Trivial File Transfer Protocol Daemon (TFTPD) service

    • Manages file transfer requests from RIS clients during a remote installation

    • Downloads

      • Initial files such as the bootstrap files

      • Client Installation Wizard (CIW)


(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (7)

  • Single Instance Store (SIS) service

    • Minimizes the disk space required to store the RIS installation images on the RIS server

    • Tries to link together all files related to the installation

    • Removes redundant copies


(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (8)

  • Two types of RIS clients

    • Computers that support Preboot Execution Environment (PXE) DHCP-based remote boot ROMS

    • Computers with network cards that the RIS boot disk supports


(Skill 1)

Figure 14-2 RIS clients


(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (9)

  • Client computers that support Preboot Execution Environment (PXE) DHCP-based remote boot ROMS

    • PXE technology enables computers to start an operating system installation from a remote source (like the RIS server)

    • PXE architecture enables computers to connect to the network and execute programs by booting directly from a network image


(Skill 1)

Introducing Remote Installation Services (10)

  • Client computers with network cards that the RIS boot disk supports

    • If a computer does not support PXE DHCP-based remote boot technology, you can create a RIS boot disk

    • Use Rbfg.exe to create a RIS boot disk

    • Rbfg.exe emulates PXE remote boot technology


(Skill 1)

Figure 14-3 Creating an RIS boot disk


(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 1: Locating a RIS server for RIS installation

    • A computer without an operating system should boot from the network

    • The computer then sends a DHCP discover packet to request an IP address with its GUID or UUID


(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process (2)

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 1: Locating a RIS server for RIS installation

    • The DHCP server allocates an IP address to the computer

    • The RIS server sends its IP address to the computer along with the name of the boot file

    • The system prompts the user to press F12 to start the installation


(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process (3)

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 2: Downloading Client Installation Wizard (CIW)

    • The selected RIS server checks the pre-staged computer accounts in Active Directory for an account with a matching GUID

    • The Client Installation Wizard (CIW) is downloaded to the computer

    • The CIW prompts the user to log on to the network


(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process (4)

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 3: Checking the account

    • The RIS server checks the account information

    • The RIS server determines the installation options

    • If the machine is pre-staged, the GUID/UUID is checked at this time


(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process (5)

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 4: Selecting the operating system image

    • The user selects the required operating system image

    • The CIW displays a warning that the hard disk will be reformatted

    • The remote installation starts


(Skill 2)

Understanding the Remote Installation Services Process (6)

RIS-based remote installation process

  • Step 5: Completing installation

    • CIW confirms the installation settings with the user

    • If the computer has not been pre-staged and its account is not created in Active Directory, the BINL service creates the computer account

    • The operating system is fully installed


(Skill 3)

Configuring a RIS Server

  • There are two steps involved in configuring a RIS server

    • Add the RIS component to the server

    • Run the Remote Installation Services Setup Wizardto install and configure RIS


(Skill 3)

Figure 14-4 Tasks Performed by Remote Installation Services Setup


(Skill 3)

Figure 14-5 Installing Remote Installation Services


(Skill 3)

Figure 14-6 The Remote Installation Services Setup Wizard


(Skill 3)

Figure 14-7 The Friendly Description and Help Text screen


(Skill 3)

Figure 14-8 Completing the Remote Installation Services Setup Wizard


(Skill 4)

Customizing RIS Server Properties

  • The RIS server can be customized in how it handles client requests

  • You use the Remote Install tab of the Properties dialog box for the selected server to change the settings


(Skill 4)

Customizing RIS Server Properties (2)

  • Properties you can modify

    • Prevent client installation

      • Select the Do not respond to unknown client computers check box

    • Stop/start service

      • Select the Respond to client computers requesting service check box


(Skill 4)

Customizing RIS Server Properties (3)

  • Properties you can modify

    • Specify the clients to be serviced

    • Select the RIS server to service the pre-staged clients (this is useful for load balancing)

    • Specify how names for new clients will be generated

    • Set the location where the client accounts


(Skill 4)

Customizing RIS Server Properties (4)

  • Properties you can modify

    • Operating system

    • Platform

    • Language images for installation


(Skill 4)

Figure 14-9 The Remote Install tab


(Skill 4)

Figure 14-10 The New Clients tab on the <server_name>-Remote-Installation-Services Properties dialog box


(Skill 4)

Figure 14-11 The Images tab


(Skill 4)

Figure 14-12 The Image Properties dialog box


(Skill 4)

Figure 14-13 The Computer Account Generation dialog box


(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options

  • You can customize the Client installation options when a RIS server is configured

  • Use the Choice Options Properties dialog box to view and modify the RIS installation options for a GPO


(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options (2)

  • Installation options

    • Automatic Setup

    • Custom Setup

    • Restart Setup

    • Tools


(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options (3)

  • Automatic Setup

    • The default installation option

    • Installation starts as soon as the user logs on

    • Users will not be prompted for any of the settings

    • Users can select the operating system images that include the applications they need to install


(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options (4)

  • Custom Setup

    • Users can override the computer name

    • Users can specify the location for the client account generated by the RIS server


(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options (5)

  • Restart Setup

    • Saves users time if there is an incomplete setup attempt

    • When setup starts again, users are not prompted for any values they already entered


(Skill 5)

Customizing RIS Client Installation Options (6)

  • Tools

    • Allows users to use troubleshooting tools before the operating system has been installed

    • Typical troubleshooting tools

      • System BIOS flash updates

      • Memory virus scanners


(Skill 5)

Figure 14-14 RIS Group Policy


(Skill 5)

Figure 14-15 The Choice Options dialog box


(Skill 6)

Creating a RIPrep Image

  • RIPrep images

    • Compressed form of the operating system and applications images

    • They are different from the default CD-based image

      • CD-based images enable you to install only the basic operating system without any applications

      • CD-based images provide settings defined by a standard unattended answer file


(Skill 6)

Creating a RIPrep Image (2)

  • RIPrep images

    • Include various applications and desktop settings

    • Useful in situations in which different users require different set of applications

    • Files associated with each image are never duplicated

    • A RIS install requires more time as it is a full install


(Skill 6)

Creating a RIPrep Image (3)

  • Creating a RIPrep image using the RIPrep tool

    • Install the operating system and all necessary applications and configure the required desktop settings on a computer

    • Copy the Administrator profile to the default user profile and allow all users to use it

    • Test the image

    • Create a RIPrep image of this computer and store the image on a RIS server


(Skill 6)

Creating a RIPrep Image (4)

  • During image creation, the system performs several tasks

    • Verifies the version of Windows

    • Analyzes partitions

    • Copies partition information

    • Copies files to the server

    • Copies and updates Registry information

    • Shuts down the computer


(Skill 6)

Creating a RIPrep Image (5)

  • Answer files

    • Are .sif files associated with both CD-based images and RIPrep images

    • Contain the answers to the various prompts that a user receives during a normal installation

    • Access to RIPrep images can be controlled by setting permissions for the associated .sif files

    • This ensures that a user selects the correct image


(Skill 6)

Figure 14-16 The Remote Installation Preparation Wizard


(Skill 6)

Figure 14-17 The Server Name screen


(Skill 6)

Figure 14-18 Specifying a folder in which to store the RIPrep image


(Skill 6)

Figure 14-19 Specifying a description and help text for the image


(Skill 6)

Figure 14-20 Viewing a summary of the RIPrep settings


(Skill 7)

Creating a RIS Boot Disk

  • If your computer does not have a PXE DHCP-based boot ROM, you must create a RIS boot disk before you can use RIS

    • The RIS boot disk supports certain network cards

    • If the network cards or the chipsets of the RIS clients are supported by the RIS boot disk, a RIS-based installation can be performed on them

  • You use the Remote Boot File Generator (Rbfg.exe) utility to create the RIS boot disk


(Skill 7)

Figure 14-21 The Supported Adapters dialog box


(Skill 7)

Figure 14-22 The Microsoft Windows Remote Boot Disk Generator dialog box


(Skill 7)

Figure 14-23 The Microsoft Windows Remote Boot Disk Generator message box


(Skill 7)

Figure 14-24 RISDISK


(Skill 8)

Verifying RIS Configuration

  • You may need to verify the RIS server when it is not servicing RIS client requests properly

  • You use the Check Server Wizard to verify the configuration of RIS


(Skill 8)

Verifying RIS Configuration (2)

  • Check Server Wizard

    • Tests the settings of the RIS server

    • Records and fixes (if possible) any problems with the BINL, SIS, or TFTPD services in the event log

    • Displays a summary of the RIS configuration

    • Does not validate the RIPrep images stored on the server


(Skill 8)

Figure 14-25 The Check Server Wizard


(Skill 8)

Figure 14-26 The Remote Installation Services Verification Complete screen


(Skill 8)

Figure 14-27 Starting RIS and authorizing DHCP


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