Prof rabinowitz the gaze theatron and ekklesia athens and athenians on display 528 508 bce
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Prof. Rabinowitz , the gaze, theatron and ekklesia Athens and Athenians on display, 528-508 BCE. Peisistratos’ successors. Hipparchos , not tyrannos , assassinated in 514/3 BCE Hippias, tyrannos 528/7-511/0 BCE Nature of the tyranny until 514/3 BCE: read Thuc . 6.54.1-6 in D&G 4.21.

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Prof rabinowitz the gaze theatron and ekklesia athens and athenians on display 528 508 bce
Prof. Rabinowitz, the gaze, theatron and ekklesiaAthens and Athenians on display, 528-508 BCE


Peisistratos successors
Peisistratos’ successors

  • Hipparchos, not tyrannos, assassinated in 514/3 BCE

  • Hippias, tyrannos528/7-511/0 BCE

  • Nature of the tyranny until 514/3 BCE: read Thuc. 6.54.1-6 in D&G 4.21


Fragment of an athenian inscription

Athenian Archon List, 527/6-522/1 BCE

Fragment of an Athenian inscription

O N E T O R I D E S

H I P P I A S

K L E I S TH E N E S

M I L T I A D E S

K A L L I A D E S

P E I S I S T R A T O S

E T O

I P P I A

L E I S TH E N

I L T I A D E S

L L I A D E S

S T R A T

Onetorides 527/6

Hippias 526/5 (tyrannos)

Kleisthenes 525/4 (Alkmaionid: not in exile!)

Miltiades 524/3 (fixed; ruler of Chersonese)

Kalliades 523/2

Peisistratos 522/1 (namesake/grandson)



Tyrannicides harmodios and aristogeiton thuc 6 56 58 in d g 4 30 praise and heroization d g 4 40 47
Tyrannicides sister at the Panathenaia: Harmodios and Aristogeiton (Thuc. 6.56-58 in D&G 4.30; praise and heroization – D&G 4.40-47)

Roman copy of the version made in 477/6 BCE

First version made in 509 BCE was stolen in 480 BCE by King Xerxes of Persia

5th c. skolionpraises their efforts to restore isonomia – “equal distribution of justice” (read D&G4.43)


Homosexuality erastes eromenos and onetorides kalos
Homosexuality: sister at the Panathenaiaerastes, eromenosand “Onetorideskalos”

Black-figure amphora, 545-540 BCE, by Exekias


Expressions of eros public vs private perceptions of penetration intercrural sex
Expressions of sister at the Panathenaiaeros (ἔρως):public vs. private perceptions of penetration (intercrural sex)

520-510 BCE kyathos (one-handled drinking-cup), Athens

520-510 BCE kyathos (one-handled drinking-cup), Athens

  • Chronology: 550-470 BCE only?

  • Geography: Athens only?

  • Social class: aristoi only?

  • Response to tyrannicides: cult activity

  • Interactions: army; gymnasion; symposium

Example of erotic poetry:When he falls in love with a boy in the lovely flower of youth

Desiring his eyes and sweet mouth (Solon 25 in D&G 13.66)


Literary evidence for homosexual eros
Literary evidence for homosexual sister at the Panathenaiaeros

  • Theognis’ poem for Kyrnos (D&G 13.67), to be sung at a symposion

  • Obscene graffiti (D&G 13.68), some linked to dance, some malicious

  • Xenophon’s ideal relationship at Sparta (D&G 13.70) – character, not desire

  • Anacreon’s sympotic drinking song (D&G 13.73)

  • Aristophanes’ views on homosexuality in the “good old days” (read D&G13.74)


Tyranny end of the peisistratids
Tyranny: End of the Peisistratids sister at the Panathenaia

  • Hippias: 514-511/0 BCE (read D&G 4.33)

  • Alkmaionidai in exile; Delphi

    • read Hdt. 5.62.2-63.1 in D&G 4.36

  • Sparta and King Kleomenes: Hdt. 5.64.1 in D&G4.36

  • Hippias in Persia in 511/0 BCE and atimia: Thuc. 6.59.4 in D&G 4.39


Reforms of kleisthenes the struggle for athens and the birth of democracy in 508 7 bce
Reforms of sister at the PanathenaiaKleisthenes:the struggle for Athens and the birth of democracy in 508/7 BCE

  • Sources: Ath.Pol. 20-22; Hdt. 5.69-76 in D&G5.2-8

  • Delphic oracle, Spartans , Kleisthenes and Isagoras

    • Kleisthenes “added the Athenian people … to his own party, he renamed the tribes … and divided the demes into ten and assigned them to the tribes” (Hdt. 5.69.2)

    • Kleisthenes “promised to hand the state over to the populace …; once the leader had control of affairs, Kleisthenes became their leader and champion of the people” (Ath. Pol. 20.1-4)

  • King Kleomenes of Sparta supports Isagoras

  • Kleisthenes and 700 families exiled

  • Boule ordered but refuses to disperse, and the “remaining Athenians” – the demos – besieged Isagoras and Kleomenes on the Acropolis


Kleisthenes reforms
Kleisthenes sister at the Panathenaia’ reforms

  • Kleisthenes “took the people into his hetaireia(faction)” (Hdt. 5.66.2)

  • isonomia: “equality before the law”

  • phylai (“tribes”)

    • diminish the power of the aristocratic families

  • demes (“villages”)

    • reorganize sense of identity

  • trittyes (“thirds”)

    • deployed for legislative and military purposes

  • demarchos (“deme-magistrate”) – D&G 5.20

  • 10 eponymous heroes (D&G 5.1)

  • Bouleand bouleuterion of 500; tribe in prytany

  • Empowered demos, aristoi (Solon’s categories); no social reforms


  • Three regions sister at the Panathenaia

  • of trittyes in

  • Attica ca. 508:

  • coast, city, inland

  • Tribes (phylai)

  • Villages (demes)

  • Dememanager (demarchos)

    • Convene deme assembly

    • organize oath-taking & voting

    • carry out decisions of assembly

    • oversee sacrifices and local treasury


Statues of the ten eponymous heroes agora ca 500 bce
Statues of the sister at the PanathenaiaTen Eponymous Heroes, agora, ca. 500 BCE


Statues of the ten eponymous heroes agora ca 500 bce1
Statues of the Ten Eponymous Heroes, sister at the Panathenaiaagora, ca. 500 BCE


West side of agora
West side of sister at the Panathenaiaagora

Eponymous heroes


Temple of sister at the PanathenaiaHephaistos

Bouleuterion (5th c.)

Tholos

Metroon (3rd c.)


Responsibilities of tribe in prytany and boule of 500 tholos bouleuterion
Responsibilities of tribe in sister at the Panathenaiaprytany and Bouleof 500 (tholos, bouleuterion)

  • Tribe in prytany in the tholos

    • 50 prytaneis (tribal reps.) with one epistates (presider)/month

    • Prepare probouleumata (sg. brobouleuma) for boule

  • Bouleof 500 bouleutaiin the bouleuterion

    • Prepare legislation, decrees, treaties for ekklesia

    • Check qualification of newly elected officials

    • Try magistrates accused of mismanaging funds

    • Inspect cavalry and ships

    • Work with various boards – e.g., contract lessors (poletai) who leased mines, sold confiscated land

    • Supervise election of 10 strategoi (new chief executives, replacing the archons, selected by lot as of 487/6)


Representative democracy sister at the Panathenaia

Attica political organization: the distribution of demes and bouleutai


Ostracism and ostraka 5 th c
Ostracism sister at the Panathenaiaand ostraka, 5th C.

  • Enactment in 487/6: Ath. Pol. 22.3-8 = D&G 5.9

  • Decision on whether to hold ostracism in 6thprytany: Ath. Pol. 43.5 = D&G 5.10

  • Method: Philochoros (3rd c. BCE historian) frag. 30 = D&G 5.11

  • Anecdote about Aristeides' ostracism: Plut. Aristeides 7.7 = D&G 5.12