Prof rabinowitz the gaze theatron and ekklesia athens and athenians on display 528 508 bce
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Prof. Rabinowitz , the gaze, theatron and ekklesia Athens and Athenians on display, 528-508 BCE. Peisistratos’ successors. Hipparchos , not tyrannos , assassinated in 514/3 BCE Hippias, tyrannos 528/7-511/0 BCE Nature of the tyranny until 514/3 BCE: read Thuc . 6.54.1-6 in D&G 4.21.

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Prof rabinowitz the gaze theatron and ekklesia athens and athenians on display 528 508 bce

Prof. Rabinowitz, the gaze, theatron and ekklesiaAthens and Athenians on display, 528-508 BCE


Peisistratos successors

Peisistratos’ successors

  • Hipparchos, not tyrannos, assassinated in 514/3 BCE

  • Hippias, tyrannos528/7-511/0 BCE

  • Nature of the tyranny until 514/3 BCE: read Thuc. 6.54.1-6 in D&G 4.21


Fragment of an athenian inscription

Athenian Archon List, 527/6-522/1 BCE

Fragment of an Athenian inscription

O N E T O R I D E S

H I P P I A S

K L E I S TH E N E S

M I L T I A D E S

K A L L I A D E S

P E I S I S T R A T O S

E T O

I P P I A

L E I S TH E N

I L T I A D E S

L L I A D E S

S T R A T

Onetorides527/6

Hippias526/5 (tyrannos)

Kleisthenes525/4 (Alkmaionid: not in exile!)

Miltiades524/3 (fixed; ruler of Chersonese)

Kalliades523/2

Peisistratos522/1 (namesake/grandson)


Prelude to assassination hipparchos insults harmodios sister at the panathenaia

Prelude to assassination: Hipparchos insults Harmodios’ sister at the Panathenaia


Tyrannicides harmodios and aristogeiton thuc 6 56 58 in d g 4 30 praise and heroization d g 4 40 47

Tyrannicides: Harmodios and Aristogeiton (Thuc. 6.56-58 in D&G 4.30; praise and heroization – D&G 4.40-47)

Roman copy of the version made in 477/6 BCE

First version made in 509 BCE was stolen in 480 BCE by King Xerxes of Persia

5th c. skolionpraises their efforts to restore isonomia – “equal distribution of justice” (read D&G4.43)


Homosexuality erastes eromenos and onetorides kalos

Homosexuality: erastes, eromenosand “Onetorideskalos”

Black-figure amphora, 545-540 BCE, by Exekias


Expressions of eros public vs private perceptions of penetration intercrural sex

Expressions of eros (ἔρως):public vs. private perceptions of penetration (intercrural sex)

520-510 BCE kyathos (one-handled drinking-cup), Athens

520-510 BCE kyathos (one-handled drinking-cup), Athens

  • Chronology: 550-470 BCE only?

  • Geography: Athens only?

  • Social class: aristoi only?

  • Response to tyrannicides: cult activity

  • Interactions: army; gymnasion; symposium

Example of erotic poetry:When he falls in love with a boy in the lovely flower of youth

Desiring his eyes and sweet mouth (Solon 25 in D&G 13.66)


Literary evidence for homosexual eros

Literary evidence for homosexual eros

  • Theognis’ poem for Kyrnos (D&G 13.67), to be sung at a symposion

  • Obscene graffiti (D&G 13.68), some linked to dance, some malicious

  • Xenophon’s ideal relationship at Sparta (D&G 13.70) – character, not desire

  • Anacreon’s sympotic drinking song (D&G 13.73)

  • Aristophanes’ views on homosexuality in the “good old days” (read D&G13.74)


Tyranny end of the peisistratids

Tyranny: End of the Peisistratids

  • Hippias: 514-511/0 BCE (read D&G 4.33)

  • Alkmaionidai in exile; Delphi

    • read Hdt. 5.62.2-63.1 in D&G 4.36

  • Sparta and King Kleomenes: Hdt. 5.64.1 in D&G4.36

  • Hippias in Persia in 511/0 BCE and atimia: Thuc. 6.59.4 in D&G 4.39


Reforms of kleisthenes the struggle for athens and the birth of democracy in 508 7 bce

Reforms of Kleisthenes:the struggle for Athens and the birth of democracy in 508/7 BCE

  • Sources: Ath.Pol. 20-22; Hdt. 5.69-76 in D&G5.2-8

  • Delphic oracle, Spartans , Kleisthenes and Isagoras

    • Kleisthenes “added the Athenian people … to his own party, he renamed the tribes … and divided the demes into ten and assigned them to the tribes” (Hdt. 5.69.2)

    • Kleisthenes “promised to hand the state over to the populace …; once the leader had control of affairs, Kleisthenes became their leader and champion of the people” (Ath. Pol. 20.1-4)

  • King Kleomenes of Sparta supports Isagoras

  • Kleisthenes and 700 families exiled

  • Boule ordered but refuses to disperse, and the “remaining Athenians” – the demos – besieged Isagoras and Kleomenes on the Acropolis


Kleisthenes reforms

Kleisthenes’ reforms

  • Kleisthenes “took the people into his hetaireia(faction)” (Hdt. 5.66.2)

  • isonomia: “equality before the law”

  • phylai (“tribes”)

    • diminish the power of the aristocratic families

  • demes (“villages”)

    • reorganize sense of identity

  • trittyes (“thirds”)

    • deployed for legislative and military purposes

  • demarchos (“deme-magistrate”) – D&G 5.20

  • 10 eponymous heroes (D&G 5.1)

  • Bouleand bouleuterion of 500; tribe in prytany

  • Empowered demos, aristoi (Solon’s categories); no social reforms


Peisistratos successors

  • Three regions

  • of trittyes in

  • Attica ca. 508:

  • coast, city, inland

  • Tribes (phylai)

  • Villages (demes)

  • Dememanager (demarchos)

    • Convene deme assembly

    • organize oath-taking & voting

    • carry out decisions of assembly

    • oversee sacrifices and local treasury


Statues of the ten eponymous heroes agora ca 500 bce

Statues of the Ten Eponymous Heroes, agora, ca. 500 BCE


Statues of the ten eponymous heroes agora ca 500 bce1

Statues of the Ten Eponymous Heroes, agora, ca. 500 BCE


West side of agora

West side of agora

Eponymous heroes


Peisistratos successors

Temple of Hephaistos

Bouleuterion (5th c.)

Tholos

Metroon (3rd c.)


Responsibilities of tribe in prytany and boule of 500 tholos bouleuterion

Responsibilities of tribe in prytany and Bouleof 500 (tholos, bouleuterion)

  • Tribe in prytany in the tholos

    • 50 prytaneis (tribal reps.) with one epistates (presider)/month

    • Prepare probouleumata (sg. brobouleuma) for boule

  • Bouleof 500 bouleutaiin the bouleuterion

    • Prepare legislation, decrees, treaties for ekklesia

    • Check qualification of newly elected officials

    • Try magistrates accused of mismanaging funds

    • Inspect cavalry and ships

    • Work with various boards – e.g., contract lessors (poletai) who leased mines, sold confiscated land

    • Supervise election of 10 strategoi (new chief executives, replacing the archons, selected by lot as of 487/6)


Peisistratos successors

Representative democracy

Attica political organization: the distribution of demes and bouleutai


Ostracism and ostraka 5 th c

Ostracism and ostraka, 5th C.

  • Enactment in 487/6: Ath. Pol. 22.3-8 = D&G 5.9

  • Decision on whether to hold ostracism in 6thprytany: Ath. Pol. 43.5 = D&G 5.10

  • Method: Philochoros (3rd c. BCE historian) frag. 30 = D&G 5.11

  • Anecdote about Aristeides' ostracism: Plut. Aristeides 7.7 = D&G 5.12


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