Most common ocular conditions
Download
1 / 20

Most Common Ocular Conditions - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 121 Views
  • Uploaded on

Most Common Ocular Conditions. Common Conditions Affecting the Retina. Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD). Definition. Chronic deterioration of the macula. Central vision loss. Prevalence. Leading cause of visual impairment in persons over 60.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Most Common Ocular Conditions' - marv


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Most common ocular conditions

Most Common Ocular Conditions

Common Conditions Affecting the Retina



Definition
Definition

  • Chronic deterioration of the macula.

  • Central vision loss.


Prevalence
Prevalence

  • Leading cause of visual impairment in persons over 60.

  • The older you are the more likely you are to have ARMD.


Symptoms
Symptoms

  • Objects appearing smaller or farther away


Symptoms1
Symptoms

  • Straight lines or faces appearing wavy

  • Doorways seeming crooked


Amsler grid
Amsler Grid



Timing of symptoms
Timing of Symptoms dark ones and light ones from light ones.

  • Symptoms may come on so slowly that people don’t notice them.

    OR

  • They may come on quickly and dramatically.


Risk factors
Risk factors dark ones and light ones from light ones.

  • No one knows why it happens, but risk factors include:

    • Obesity

    • High blood pressure

    • Smoking

    • High cholesterol

    • Family history

    • Gender – women more likely to get ARMD than men

    • Ethnicity – more likely to occur in Caucasians


Severity
Severity dark ones and light ones from light ones.

  • Often causes loss of ability to read or do fine motor tasks, but persons with ARMD are typically able to continue to perform functional activities because the peripheral retina continues to function.


Wet macular degeneration
Wet Macular Degeneration dark ones and light ones from light ones.

  • In the wet form, which is more severe, blood vessels grow up from the choroid behind the retina, and the retina can also become detached.


How is wet armd treated
How is Wet ARMD treated? dark ones and light ones from light ones.

  • Laser surgery

  • Cryro-therapy

  • Drugs


Dry macular degeneration
Dry Macular Degeneration dark ones and light ones from light ones.

  • In the dry form, debris called drusen accumulate between the retina and the choroid, and the retina can become detached.


Nutrition
Nutrition dark ones and light ones from light ones.

Some indication that the following vitamins and minerals are helpful to either avoid development of ARMD or slow down its progression

  • zinc,

  • lutein,

  • vitamins A, C and E


ad