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Compilation of International Merchandise Trade Statistics (IMTS) in Malawi. By Joseph Chimseu Phiri at Expert Group Meeting on Compendium of Intra-African and Related Foreign Trade Statistics 5-7 th October 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. PRESENTATION OUTLINE. Introduction

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compilation of international merchandise trade statistics imts in malawi
Compilation of International Merchandise Trade Statistics (IMTS) in Malawi

By

Joseph Chimseu Phiri

at

Expert Group Meeting on Compendium of Intra-African and Related Foreign Trade Statistics

5-7th October 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

presentation outline
PRESENTATION OUTLINE
  • Introduction
  • Coverage and Organisation
  • Data Sources
  • Data Collection and Classification
  • Quality Control
  • Data Processing and Results
  • Dissemination and Major Users
  • Current Developments
  • Conclusion
introduction
INTRODUCTION
  • National Statistical Office (NSO) is legally mandated to compile trade statistics.
  • External Trade section in the Economic Statistics Division does the compilation.
  • Compilation is based on the UNSD IMTS(Rev.2) manual.
  • We mainly look at imports, exports and re-exports.
coverage
COVERAGE
  • Based on the guidelines set by UNSD.
  • Compilation is done in accordance with the general trade system.
  • As per requirement, not all goods are included in the analysis.Among those not included are:
    • Consignment of goods in direct transit.
    • Returned merchandise and returned parking materials
    • Merchandise repair free of charge.
    • Personal belongings
coverage continued
COVERAGE continued…..
  • Goods excluded in analysis are:
    • Goods imported by diplomatic corps.
    • Supplies under military defense agreements.
    • Commercial samples.
data sources
DATA SOURCES
  • Malawi Revenue Authority (MRA)
    • Electronically captured Custom declaration data in ASYCUDA++ and some hard forms are sent to NSO by 15th of every month.
    • Submission of soft copies is through

E-mail. Hardcopies come by post.

data sources continued
DATA SOURCES continued…
  • Electricity Supply Commission of (ESCOM)
  • Major exporting companies and associations :
    • ILLOVO Sugar Corporation
    • Tea Coffee Association of Malawi and
    • Tobacco Control Commission
data collection and classification
DATA COLLECTION AND CLASSIFICATION
  • NSO receives electronic data in ASYCUDA ++ format from busiest ports of MRA
  • Hard copies from other smaller ports
  • Electricity export tariff from ESCOM
  • Other hard copies come from Tea Ass. Of Malawi and Tobacco Control Commission
slide9

DATA COLLECTION AND CLASSIFICATION

  • Three classifications of goods are followed during data analysis i.e.
      • HS – classifies goods into physical material nature (97 categories)
      • SITC Rev. 4 – classifies goods for statistical purposes/level of processing.
      • BEC Rev 4-Classifies goods according to end use.
quality control
QUALITY CONTROL
  • Hard copies from Non automated customs offices undergo
    • Sorting
    • Manual Checks
    • Verification of Codes
    • Wrong and late entries are identified.
    • These are sent back to MRA for physical verification.
quality control continued
QUALITY CONTROL CONTINUED…

Quality control of electronic data from Automated

Customs office involves:

  • Checking of codes e.g. HS, partner country etc.
  • The relationship that exists between net weight and supplement unit (pieces).
  • The checks are built up in the validation rules of the

EUROTRACE package.

data processing and results
DATA PROCESSING AND RESULTS
  • EUROTRACE vers. 2.5 is the main package for data processing and analysis.
  • It consists of 3 modules namely DBMS, Editor and Comext.
  • Data is loaded into the server. It is then converted and stored in the EUROTRACE
  • In EUROTACE,data is processed
  • It is extracted and exported to Ms Excel for tabulation and graphing.(examples of a table and a graph in the next two slides below that were made in excel.
data dissemination and users
DATA DISSEMINATION AND USERS
  • The trade statistics are released in the following official NSO publications:
      • Monthly Statistical Bulletin (MSB)
      • Quarterly Statistical Bulletin (QSB)
      • Trade Brief Release
      • Annual Trade Statistics Report
      • Office website: www.nso.malawi.net
    • Major users are:
      • Private and Public sector
      • Regional and International organizations e.g. COMESA, SADC, IMF, UNSD
current developments
CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS
  • NSO is arranging with MRA to have data that would facilitate compilation of FOB value tables for imports.
  • Mid 2010 Malawi with support from COMESA introduced Special Trade Regime (STR) with Zambia.
  • NSO is in a process of developing a Trade Information System(TIS).
  • Designed to provide a one stop-shop for all information regarding trade in Malawi.
conclussion
CONCLUSSION
  • External Trade Statistics are vital to any country
  • Strides are being made to fully implement the Updated and new recommendations of IMTS (2010).
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