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Conditional utterances and conditional thoughts: A radical contextualist account. Chi-Hé Elder & Kasia Jaszczolt University of Cambridge ICL19, Geneva 26 July 2013. Conditional utterances in English. if p (then) q. Conditional utterances in English.
Chi-Hé Elder & Kasia Jaszczolt
University of Cambridge
26 July 2013
(Evans & Levinson 2009: 443, after Haviland 1979)
>> Don’t drop the vase
>> If you’re hungry there are biscuits which you may have on the sideboard
>> If you’re hungry please help yourself to biscuits on the sideboard
…that’d be great?
…you’ll be safe?
…the police won’t catch you?
>> put on your helmet
“…while perhaps none of the logical connectives are universally lexically expressed, there is no evidence that languages differ in whether or not logical connectives are present in their logical forms.”
(von Fintel & Matthewson 2008:170)
WK SCWD or CPI
SC SCWD or CPI
WS WS (logical form)
‘If you leave your tea on a wobbly table…’
‘If you’d like to put your helmet on’ PM: Put your helmet on
‘If it rains we’ll stay at home’
‘If you’re hungry, there are biscuits on the sideboard’ PM: Help yourself to biscuits
‘Touch his iPad and he’ll scream’ PM: If you touch his iPad he’ll scream’
‘Please put your helmet on’ SM: If you put your helmet on, you’ll be safer’
Austin, J. L. 1962. How To Do Things With Words. eds. J. O. Urmson & M. Sbisa. Harvard University Press.
Bonnefon, J.-F. & G. Politzer. 2010. ‘Pragmatic conditional, conditional pragmatics, and the pragmatic component of conditional reasoning’. In Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thinking, eds. M. Oaksford & N. Chater. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Elder, C-H. 2012. ‘The underlying conditionality of conditionals which do not use if’ eds. J. Naruadol Chancharu, X. F. Hu & M. Mitrovic. Cambridge Occasional Papers in Linguistics 6.
Evans, N. & S. C. Levinson. 2009. ‘The myth of language universals: Language diversity and its importance for cognitive science’. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (05), 429–448.
von Fintel, K. & L. Matthewson. 2008. ‘Universals in semantics’. Linguistic review 25 (1/2), 139.
Jaszczolt, K. M. 2005. Default Semantics: Foundations of a Compositional Theory of Acts of Communication. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Jaszczolt, K. M. 2010. ‘Default Semantics’. In The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis, eds. B. Heine & H. Narrog. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 193–221.
Jaszczolt, K. M. forthcoming. Interactive Semantics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kratzer, A. 1991. ‘Conditionals’. Reprinted in 2012, Modals and Conditionals. Oxford University Press, pp. 86-108.
Searle, J. R. 1975. ‘Indirect Speech Acts’. Syntax and Semantics 3, 59–82.
Searle, J. R. & D. Vanderveken. 1985. Foundations of illocutionary logic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sperber, D. & D. Wilson. 1995. Relevance: Communication and Cognition. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.