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REGULATION (EU) No 305/2011 on Construction Products. October 1 – 3, 2013 , Belgrade, Serbia Fostering innovation skills in the wood sector supporting structures. Dr Tatjana Kočetov Mišuli ć , University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences. CPR(2011) vs CPD (1989). Content:

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regulation eu no 305 2011 on construction products

REGULATION (EU) No 305/2011 on Construction Products

October 1 – 3, 2013, Belgrade, Serbia

Fostering innovation skills in the wood sector supporting structures

Dr TatjanaKočetovMišulić, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences

cpr 2011 vs cpd 1989
CPR(2011) vs CPD (1989)
  • Content:
  • CPR & CPD:
  • Brief History…
  • Important issues of CPD…
  • Improvements by CPR…
  • Differences…
  • Innovative structures….
  • Questions for Discussions…

Jointly for our common future!

cpr 2011 cpd 1989
CPR(2011) & CPD (1989)
  • CPD – Construction Product Directive (89/106 EEC)
  • CPR – Construction Product Regulation (305/2011 EU)
  • CPR get into force July 1st, 2013.
  • General idea of CPD / CPR :
  • elimination of technical barriers to trade between EU MS.
  • Aim of CPR :
  • Easier implementation of defined objectives in CP sector,
  • simplified mechanisms of implementation,
  • Enforcement the business activities of SMEs and other enterprises.

Jointly for our common future!

instruments of eu council eu commission
Instruments of EU-Council / EU-Commission*
  • Regulations (a binding legislative act that must be applied across the EU).
  • Directives (legislative act that sets out a goal that all EU countries must achieve, but it is up to the individual countries to decide how).
  • Decisions
  • Recommendations
  • Opinions

____________________________

* http://europa.eu/eu-law/decision-making/legal-acts/index_en.htm

Jointly for our common future!

slide5

Background CPD (1989)

  • CPD, as EU-Directive from „New Approach 1985“, contains protective targets in form of „Essential Requirements“ (ERs),
  • „Harmonized“ European Standards (hENs) lay down the detailed requirements on products (or ETAs)
  • “Global Approach 1990” in the mandatory sector brings :
    • Modular Concept (7) for Conformity Assessment procedures
    • Notified (approved) Bodies
  • in the voluntary sector:
    • Mutual Recognition Agreements (MRAs)
  • in both sectors:

- EN 45000 (new: EN ISO 17000) series and EN ISO 9000 series

  • introduction of the CE-Marking: the manufacturer indicates therewith that both the „Essential Requirements“as well as the procedures for the Attestation of Conformity of allrelevant EU-Directives have been kept.

Jointly for our common future!

slide6

EU Quality infrastructure

Established to provide a free movements of goods, persons, services and capital.

Supporting entities:

CEN/CENELEC/ETSI - international non-profit associations as major providers of European Standards and technical specifications - business facilitators in Europe  with

Technical Committees for all domains on standardization issues, Notification, Accreditation and Certification bodies, Testing laboratories, Inspection bodies.. .

Jointly for our common future!

slide7

CPD basic issues:

  • Field of application: CPD is applicable on construction products, related to ERs, which are produced to be incorporated in permanent manner in construction works (building and civil engineering).
  • Essential Requirements (ERs) (explained by Interpretative Documents IDs)
  • 1. Mechanical resistance and stability
  • 2. Safety in case of fire
  • 3. Hygiene, health and environment
  • 4. Safety in use
  • 5. Protection against noise
  • 6. Energy economy and heat retention

Jointly for our common future!

slide9

Harmonized European Standards

Where the harmonized technical specifications (eg. Annex ZA of hEN) require a manufacturer to involve a third party before CE marking then that third party shall bea Notified Body. 

Jointly for our common future!

slide10

European Technical Approval*

  • European Technical Approvals (ETAs) are based on ETA Guidelines (ETAGs) or issued upon common agreement of the Approval Bodies.
  • ETA may be granted to products for which there is neither a harmonized standard nor a recognized national standard, or product differ significantly from recognized harmonized or national standard.

Examples : different type of Metal Anchors for Use in Concrete, Structural Sealant Glazing Systems, Internal Partition Kits, External Thermal Insulation Composite Systems with Rendering, Liquid Applied Roof Waterproofing Kits, Dowels for structural joints, Fire retardant products, * …

KLH Massivholz GmbH

KLH Massivholzplaten ETA 06/0138

* http://www.eota.eu/en-GB/content/home/2/

Jointly for our common future!

notified bodies
Notified bodies*
  • bodies notified by Member States to the European Commission and the other MS
  • ...are authorized for Conformity Assessment Procedures with respect to one or more New-Approach-Directive(s) relating to
    • certification,
    • inspections and/or
    • testing
  • …can be found in the EU-database NANDO: * http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/newapproach/nando/
  • More generally, a Notified Body is a third-party, accredited body which is entitled by an Accreditation Body. Upon definition of standards and regulations, the Accreditation Body may allow a Notified Body to provide verification and certification services - official certification mark or a declaration of conformity.

Jointly for our common future!

tasks of notified bodies
Tasks of Notified bodies
  • only notified bodies are to be involved in the conformity assessment procedures under New-Approach-Directives (AoC)
  • specific tasks in the framework of the modules or of the systems 1+, 1, 2+, 2 and 3 of the Construction Products Directive (e.g. initial type testing, inspections, certification)
  • the manufacturer is free to choose any notified body in a Member State of the EU

Jointly for our common future!

conformity assessment procedures in community legislation modular approach
Conformity Assessment Procedures in Community Legislation („Modular Approach“)

Jointly for our common future!

slide14

Systems for Attestation of Conformity for CPReference documents - series ISO 17000, EN 45000according to Annex III of the Construction Products Directive (CPD) (6 preffered)

Jointly for our common future!

ce marking under cpd
CE marking under CPD
  • means that product fulfills the ERs of all relevant EU-Directives,
  • is mainly addressed to the market surveillance authorities,
  • has a single meaning, i.e. the compliance with all legal provisions,
  • is therefore affixed to the product or its packaging by the manufacturer or supplier on his own responsibility,
  • is the precondition for placing a product on the European market (EEA),
  • Is not a quality mark!

Jointly for our common future!

reasons for cpr 1
Reasons for CPR….1
  • need for a harmonised legislative framework. Mutual recognition – generally not sufficient to achieve free circulation.
  • need for clarification concerning the fundamental elements of CPD:
  • performance based vs prescriptive approach,
  • the meaning and the status of CE marking,
  • the acceptance of CE marking by the national authorities and the users of construction products as a reliable marking,
  • the role of standards and European technical approvals;

Jointly for our common future!

reasons for cpr 2
Reasons for CPR….2
  • Simplification of CPD:
  • The systems of AoC have be simplified and reduced in number.
  • The administrative procedures for ETA route for CE marking have to be perceived and streamlined.
  • Guidelines for European technical approval (ETAG) should disappear.
  • Simplifying the “no performance determined” (NPD) option with better definition will avoiding unnecessary costs for companies;
  • Potential negative effect on SMEs has to be avoided with appropriate treatment for specific non-series products.
  • Need for reinforcing the credibilityof the whole system (strengthening the criteria, notification of bodies, better coordination of market surveillance).

Jointly for our common future!

essential requirements ers vs basic requirements for construction works bwr
Essential Requirements (ERs) vs Basic Requirements for Construction Works (BWR)
  • 1. Mechanical resistance and stability
  • 2. Safety in case of fire
  • 3. Hygiene, health and environment
  • 4. Safety in use
  • 5. Protection against noise
  • 6. Energy economy and heat retention +
  • 7. Sustainable use of natural resources
  • The construction works must be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainable and in particular ensure the following:
  • (a) reuse or recyclability of the construction works, their materials and parts after demolition;
  • (b) durability of the construction works;
  • (c) use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materials in the construction works.

CEN/TC 350 : sustainability aspects of new and existing construction works and standards for the Environmental Product Declaration EPD of construction products

Jointly for our common future!

cpr hen
CPR : hEN
  • CPR : insurance of reliable information on CPs using the uniform assessment methods of the performance.
  • hEN - Harmonized European Standards provide a solid technical basis for manufacturers for testing the performance of their products. Using these standards the manufacturer will be in position to make the Declaration of Performance (DoP). Template in Anex III.
  • DoP : paper form, electronic or website.
  • The harmonized European standards on CP (together with the relevant horizontal standards on assessment methods) will allow:
  • Expression of requirements (regulatory authorities in Member States), 
  • Declaration the product performance (manufacturers), 
  • Verification of compliance with such requirements (design engineers, contractors).

Jointly for our common future!

cpr eta
CPR : ETA
  • European Technical Assessment (ETA) is issued on basis of a EAD and shall include:
  • the performance to be declared, by levels or classes, or in a description, of those essential characteristics agreed by the manufacturer and the TAB receiving the request for the ETA for the declared intended use, and
  • technical details necessary for the implementation of the system of assessment and verification of constancy of performance. 
  • European Assessment Document (EAD) is a document containing at least:
  • a general description of the construction product;
  • the list of essential characteristics, relevant for the intended use of the product as foreseen by the manufacturer and agreed between the manufacturer and the organization of TABs;
  • the methods and criteria for assessing the performance of the product in relation to those essential characteristics
  • principles for the applicable factory production control to be applied.

Jointly for our common future!

cpr ead
CPR: EAD
  • The procedure for developing and adopting European Assessment Documents (EAD) shall notably:
  • be transparent and cost-effective for the manufacturer;
  • define appropriate mandatory time limits;
  • take appropriately into account the protection of commercial secrecy and confidentiality.
  • European Assessment Documents adopted by the organisation of TABs shall be sent to the Commission. An updated list of references of the final EADs will be published by the Commission in the Official Journal of the European Union.
  • The European Technical Assessment is issued on basis of a EAD and shall include:
  • the performance to be declared, by levels or classes, or in a description, of those essential characteristics agreed by the manufacturer and the TAB receiving the request for the European Technical Assessment for the declared intended use, and
  • technical details necessary for the implementation of the system of assessment and verification of constancy of performance. 

Jointly for our common future!

nbs tabs
… , NBs & TABs
  • EAD (European Assessment Documents) replace ETAGs and CUAPs. Route of CE marking remains voluntary. Principles for development of EADs are in Annex II CPR, which lays down the timescale>1 month to draw up the contract, 3 months to draw up an assessment plan, 6 months to final draft. (Before, no time scales are laid down at all.)
  • The Notified Bodies (NB) designated under CPD are re-designated under the Construction Products Regulation. Organization – GNB (Group of Notified Bodies)
  • A list of all officially designated Notified Bodies under the Construction Products Regulation (CPR) is available in the database NANDO-CPR.
  • A Technical Assessment Body (TAB) is in charge of the assessment and issue the European Technical Assessment in a product area for which it has been designated.
  • Existing ETA bodies will be re-designated as TABs. (“approval” – “assessment”).
  • List of TABs in NANDO). Organization of TABs (previously EOTA). 
cpr dop ce mark
CPR : DoP – CE mark
  • The Declaration of Performance (DoP) is the key concept in the Construction Products Regulation (CPR) - and gives the essential characteristics about the product  delivered to the market (instead of DoC – declaration of conformity in CPD)
  • The manufacturer shall draw up a Declaration of Performance when a product covered by a harmonised standard (hEN) or a European Technical Assessment (ETA) is placed on the market.
  • CPR clarifies that the year code applied with CE mark is the year in which it was first affixed, so does not change every year.
  • Manufactures will not have to change their mark each year.
  • Exceptions from the requirements for CE marking: custom made products in response to the specific order, on-site manufacture, traditional, heritage type conservation projects.

Jointly for our common future!

assessment and verification of constancy of performance avcp
Assessment and Verification of Constancy of Performance (AVCP)
  • CPR renames the concept of Attestation of Conformity (AoC), removing the level 2, that was stated in very few standards.
  • AVCP consists from 5 levels: 1+, 1, 2+, 3, 4. (Annex V).
  • The simplification impact is relatively small.

SIMPLIFICATION PROCEDURES: SHAREING TEST COSTS

  • It is allowed to manufacturer to avoid type testing in cases of

- “deemed to satisfy” by existing conditions or classifications,

- using data from another manufacturer for similar products with permission,

- by using data established for components, in kit, or assemblies.

Jointly for our common future!

obligation of economic actors cpr ch iii
Obligation of economic actors CPR Ch. III
  • Economic operators are defined as:
  • manufacturer, importer, distributor, or authorized representative,
  • (Despite CPD, that placed most of responsibility on the manufacturer).
  • - CPR places responsibility also on agents, importers, distributors.
  • It will ensure the transfer of information from the source to the end user.
  • Important especially for the manufacturers outside the EU, who put their product into supply chain, without knowing where the product will en up. Greater legal responsibility.
  • Importers and distributors cannot sell non-compliant products, and must assure themselves that manufacturer has done all required. Defined responsibility of the importers.
  • Authorized representative would be largely responsible for ensuring conformity of the product, at local level.

.

Jointly for our common future!

product contact points
Product contact points
  • New concept, becomes from Mutual recognition of goods.
  • Product contact points must be establish in each MS, with the aim to provide information and advices, free of charge to economic operators. In force from July, 1st, 2013.

Market surveillance

  • Idea - Enforcing authority.
  • EA shell take steps to prohibit / restrict / or withdrawn the product from the market in the case of non compliance.

Jointly for our common future!

micro enterprises
Micro - enterprises
  • A micro enterprise is defined as having less than 10 employees and less than or equal to 2 millions Euro turnover.
  • CPR allows additional simplification for micro enterprises. Where the hEN is level 3 or 4, than they may use alternative but equivalent methods of type testing or it is possible to downgrade the approach from levels 3 and 4 to „self declared“, documented by manufactorer by „specific technical documentation“.
  • Applicability in practice?
  • The question of demonstrated „equivalence“, and concequencies...

Jointly for our common future!

general consequences of cpr
General Consequences of CPR
  • CE marking of construction products according to the technical specification coordinated by manufacturers and distributors (with some exceptions) is mandatory; furthermore, CE marking is the only legally regulated marking which states that the construction product achieves its declared performance.
  • Innovative products have simplified and time defined route to CE marking, trough ETAs & EAD.
  • Simplification of the procedures and reduction of costs for SMEs is evident.
  • The improvements of market surveillance means the enforcement of legislation.
  • Improvement an transparency of established measures.

Jointly for our common future!

useful links references
Useful links & references
  • CPR: REGULATION (EU) No 305/2011 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL , of 9 March 2011 ., OJEU, 4.4.2011.
  • Wolfgang HÖHNL, ON – Austrian Standards Institute: “EU-Quality Infrastructure - Conformity Assessment and Conformity Assessment Marks”, Novi Sad, 2008.
  • Nando base> http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/newapproach/nando/
  • www.cenorm.eu
  • www.cenorm.be
  • www.iso.ch

T.KocetovMisulic

Jointly for our common future!

questions for discussions
Questions for Discussions…
  • Expected facilitations for innovative products according CPR, versus the previous practice / proper experience?
  • Example: fire test on typical assembly of shear wall, both sided test (5000e x 2). Size of valid series? Could manufacturers organize themselves in groups or clusters, for the purpose of testing (similar products)?
  • Anchor type testing – could it be common for different products / type of structures?
  • Testing of wood properties according quality classes? Size of sample, possibility of organizing…
  • …..
  • Your questions and remarks….

T. Kocetov Misulic

Jointly for our common future!

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