Civil Rights!. What are Civil Rights?. Civil Rights refers to the positive acts governments take to protect against discriminatory treatment by government or individuals. The Beginnings: Litigating for Equality.
Civil Rights refers to the positive acts governments take to protect against discriminatory treatment by government or individuals.
64 years after the Plessy decision the Court struck down the "separate but equal" doctrine in the landmark Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954) decision.
Remember from notes last week?
Just a few…
This group used non-violent means such as:
** used to open segregated lunch counters, waiting rooms, public swimming pools, and other public places
Many African Americans fought in WWII and still faced discrimination at home
Peaceful group to address civil rights issuesCongress of Racial Equality
Gave African Americans a stronger voice in civil rights movement
Will become a group associated with black power and separatism in 1966Student Non-ViolentCoordinating Committee
“The younger generation is challenging you and me (adults!). They are asking us to forget our laziness and doubt and fear, and follow our dedication to the truth to the bitter end.”
May 28, 1963
What are these protestors trying to accomplish?
What are the goals of these Freedom riders?
We will talk about this more tomorrow……..
video compliance with desegregation lawsSelma March
BLOODY SUNDAY compliance with desegregation laws
“Their cause must be our cause, too. Because it is not just Negroes, but really it is all of us who must overcome the crippling legacy of bigotry and injustice.”
That’s right! You tell ‘em Lyndon!
Southerners argued that the Act violated the Constitution and was an unwarranted use of federal power.
BUT a full decade after Brown, less than 1% of African American children in the South attended integrated schools
So- the Court ruled that state law imposed (de jure) segregation must be eliminated at once!The Impact of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
This is following the Selma March! Way to go protestors!