Civil Rights!. What are Civil Rights?. Civil Rights refers to the positive acts governments take to protect against discriminatory treatment by government or individuals. The Beginnings: Litigating for Equality.
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Civil Rights refers to the positive acts governments take to protect against discriminatory treatment by government or individuals.
64 years after the Plessy decision the Court struck down the "separate but equal" doctrine in the landmark Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954) decision.
Remember from notes last week?
So… the court case said to stop segregation- now it actually had to happen in society! It’s going to be a struggle!
Important Events and People in the Movement
Just a few…
This group used non-violent means such as:
** used to open segregated lunch counters, waiting rooms, public swimming pools, and other public places
Created in 1942
Many African Americans fought in WWII and still faced discrimination at home
Peaceful group to address civil rights issues
Founded in 1960 by black college students
Gave African Americans a stronger voice in civil rights movement
Will become a group associated with black power and separatism in 1966
“The younger generation is challenging you and me (adults!). They are asking us to forget our laziness and doubt and fear, and follow our dedication to the truth to the bitter end.”
Woolworth’s lunch counter sit-in
May 28, 1963
What are these protestors trying to accomplish?
What are the goals of these Freedom riders?
We will talk about this more tomorrow……..
“Their cause must be our cause, too. Because it is not just Negroes, but really it is all of us who must overcome the crippling legacy of bigotry and injustice.”
That’s right! You tell ‘em Lyndon!
So are all of these actions, groups, people having an impact?
Southerners argued that the Act violated the Constitution and was an unwarranted use of federal power.
BUT a full decade after Brown, less than 1% of African American children in the South attended integrated schools
So- the Court ruled that state law imposed (de jure) segregation must be eliminated at once!
This is following the Selma March! Way to go protestors!