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Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre Centre. (A Regd. Society and Autonomous Body, Affiliated to Dept. of Science & Technology, GoK ). Objective : Providing Science & Technology based information on Natural Disaster to the Government & General Public.

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Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre Centre

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Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring CentreCentre

(A Regd. Society and Autonomous Body, Affiliated to Dept. of Science & Technology, GoK)

Objective : Providing Science & Technology based information on Natural Disaster to the Government & General Public.

Major Sandeep Unnikrishnan Road, Near Attur Layout, Yelahanka, Bangalore-560064

E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Website: www.ksndmc.org

Phone: 67355000 Director: 67355105 Fax: 67355198


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

Advices & Services of KSNDMC

Common Man

Agrarian Community

R & D

Irrigation

Agro based Sector

Transport Sector

Power & Energy

Fisherman


Role of ksndmc in sujala iii

Role of KSNDMC in SUJALA III

  • Guide in establishing Automatic Weather Stations in Watersheds and Data acquisition / Analysis

  • Undertake weather analysis for identifying frequency of droughts and evolve plans related to climate smart farming

  • Capacity Building

  • Climate variability

  • Weather advisory in Project Areas

  • Data needs and its Institutionalization


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

Sustainability through Actionable Knowledge

and Technology Innovation

EMPOWERING THE INDIAN FARMER

The farmers have proved capable of adopting new technologies ; modern methods have made way into our farming practices.

There are problems, however, that still cause immense hardship to our farmers, and where conventional technologies can not help.

An example is the cost of irrigation. A marginal farmer has to hire and transport irrigation equipment; each irrigation episode costs about ` 2600.

Owing to such costs, farmers are usually burdened by loans that reduce income and also bring down their morale.

  • THE SCIENCE SOLUTION

    • Advance knowledge of imminent rain to avoid unnecessary irrigation

    • Computer-aided dynamical forecasts to decide irrigation scheduling

PRODUCT DESIGN: UNDERSTANDING USER NEEDS

Weather informatics for forecast enabled precision agriculture


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

Sustainability through Actionable Knowledge

and Technology Innovation

We at KSNDMC have developed knowledge solutions based on weather informatics and forecasts specially designed to meet users‛ needs

  • THE CHALLENGE OF OUTREACH

  • Solution must be with:

    • Immediate and tangible benefits

    • No risk due to error in forecast

    • Easy access for implementation

Farmers do not need precise values of rainfall or temperature: Forecast rainfall categories

Forecast must be at high spatial resolution: Forecast at village cluster (Hobli) level

~75% ACCURACY IN COUNT OF RAINY DAYS IN A MONTH

Forecast disseminated through Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre (KSNDMC)

Validation using high-density raingauge network of KSNDMC

Weather informatics for forecast enabled precision agriculture


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

Weather Informatics for Farmers: From Lab to Field

Sample of End User Feedback

A small or marginal farmer needs to spend ~ Rs 2500 for every irrigation episode

This reduces the net earning of the farmer, and increases the loan burden

Irrigation also adds to energy and carbon footprints of agriculture

THE SCIENCE SOLUTION

Advance knowledge of imminent rain to avoid unnecessary irrigation

Computer-aided dynamical forecasts to decide irrigation scheduling

PRODUCT DESIGN: UNDERSTANDING USER NEEDS

Forecast is used to advise farmers when NOT to irrigate if rain is imminent

An error in forecast only delays irrigation: risk-free

Accurate forecast saves the expenditure: tangible benefit

Reduced irrigation provides long-term benifits

  • THE CHALLENGE OF OUTREACH

  • Solution must be with

  • Immediate and tangible benefits

  • less risk due to error in forecast

  • Easy access for implementation

  • A science solution is not necessarily an outreach solution

Along with its various ICT methods, KSNDMC also maintains a 24x7 Help Desk

The area was receiving continuous rain and he would plan harvesting of banana crop if there was no rain in the next 3 days. The information based on the rainfall forecast helped him.

Feedback from: Sh.Rudragouda

OPERATIONAL

SINCE JULY, 2010 WITH HAPPY END USERS

He contacted the HELP DESK of KSNDMC for weather forecasts. The forecasts were found to be correct in most cases. He greatly benefited from these forecasts, especially for planning sowing, fertilizer applications and insecticide/pesticide applications

Sh. BasavarajPattadakallu, Bagalkote district

Sh. Balakrishna, Farmer FromArkalgud,

Contacts the HELP DESK of KSNDMC. He had taken up cultivation of tobacco and wishes to know whether it would rain or not in the next 3 to 4 days to plan irrigation schedule. He was informed about imminent rain in his hobli based on the forecast of C-MMACS. He called later to inform that the forecast helped him to save about `.2,500.

Climate and Environmental Modelling Programmewww.cmmacs.ernet.in Celebrating 25 Years


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

GPRS Enabled and Solar Powered Telemetric Rain Gauge Stations (TRG) Network In Karnataka


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

GPRS Enabled and Solar powered Telemetric Weather Stations (TWS) network in Karnataka


Existing network

Existing network

Telemetric Rain Gauge in all the 5785 Grampanchayaths

Telemetric Weather Stations in all the 747 Hoblis

A Rainfall monitoring station at every 32 sq. Km

A Weather monitoring station at every 270 sq. Km

SUJALA-III project needs Weather Monitoring Station at every 5 sq. Km

KSNDMC can take up the installation of compatible Weather Monitoring Stations and Integrate with the Existing Network.


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

Daily Rainfall Maps of Karnataka


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

Improvement in capturing Spatial Resolution of Rainfall

Example: Bhalki Taluk, Bidar District

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  • One rain gauge for the taluk

  • Hobli level telemetric rain gauge without Interpolation

  • Hobli level telemetric rain gauge with Interpolation by krigging


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

Improvement in capturing Spatial Resolution of Rainfall at Grama Panchayath level - Example: Haveri Hobli

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Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

  • Variation in Temperature measured in a area of 200 m x 200 m at KUDUR Hobli in Ramanagara District.

Maximum difference is observed 2.8°C at 05:00 am of 18th December 2012


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

Hobli-Level Weather Forecast


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

  • KSNDMC in collaboration with CSIR-CMMACS, Bangalore has

  • developed a meso-scale model for Hobli level Rainfall Forecast.

  • Hobli level Rainfall Forecast is issued twice a day at 8.30 am

  • and 4.30 pm everyday.

  • KSNDMC in collaboration with SAC, Ahmadabad has been issuing

  • Hobli level Weather Forecast.

  • Hobli level Weather Forecast is issued everyday day at 12 hrs,

  • 24 hrs, 36 hrs, 48 hrs, 60 hrs and 72 hrs format.

  • Hobli level Weather Forecast includes Temperature (T C),

  • Relative Humidity (RH %), Wind Direction,

  • Wind Speed (m/s) and Rainfall (mm).

  • Issuing synoptic weather forecast for 7 days and 15 days format.


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

24 hrs rainfall forecast

Valid for

08.30 am of 07.10.2013 to 08.30 am 0f 08.10.2013


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

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Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

“VARUNA MITRA” is equipped with the Technology to:

  • Receive 32 calls simultaneously.

  • Functions on 24x7x365 basis.

  • Provide Hobli-specific weather forecast & information.

9243345433 – 30 lines

080-22745232

080-22745234


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

In order to disseminate Hobli level weather forecast and Information directly to generally public, especially farmers, an interactive Help-desk “VARUNA MITRA” has been functioning at KSNDMC.

Interactive Help-Desk “VARUNA MITRA” Telephone Numbers


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

Year wise Call details.


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

Month wise Call Details from Jan – Sep 2013


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

SATELLITE BASED AGRICULTURAL DROUGHT ASSESSMENT


Proposed doppler weather radar network over karnataka coast

Proposed Doppler Weather Radar Network Over Karnataka Coast


Doppler weather radar for rain detection

Doppler Weather Radar for rain detection


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

Proposed Net Work of Doppler Weather Radars

Red circles are the Proposed 8 sites of C Band Doppler Weather Radars by KSNDMC

Green circles are the Proposed 2 sites of IMD

Gap Filling with X band Doppler weather Radars


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

KSNDMC Web-Portal

www. ksndmc.org


Karnataka state natural disaster monitoring centre centre

Web enabled information dissemination to farmers at Raitha Samparka Kendras – providing weather details

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