Scramble for Africa
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Scramble for Africa. http://wfps.k12.mt.us/teachers/carmichaelg/africa2.gif. Industrial Powers race to colonies. Development in African Regions. North: Ottoman control decline West: Islamic reform movement East: Slave trade w/ Mid E continued South: Zulu nation conquered neighbors.

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Scramble for Africa

http://wfps.k12.mt.us/teachers/carmichaelg/africa2.gif



Development in african regions
Development in African Regions

  • North: Ottoman control decline

  • West: Islamic reform movement

  • East: Slave trade w/ Mid E continued

  • South: Zulu nation conquered neighbors


Euro contact increases
Euro contact increases

Burton & Nile

http://www.africamission-mafr.org/mgr_livinhacgb.htm

http://www.richmond.gov.uk/richard_burton.jpg

Livingstone explorer & missionary

http://www.africa4christ.org/Images/Africa4ChristFront.jpg

http://www.unlockingthearchives.rgs.org/resources/images/Life+explorations-en.jpg


King leopold ii of belgium
King Leopold II of Belgium

  • Arranged treaties w/African leaders

  • Monopolized Congo

  • Scramble for Africa

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/39/Leopold_ii_garter_knight.jpg


Industrial powers race to colonies1
Industrial Powers race to colonies

AFRICA

  • Christian Missionaries were the first “explorers” of Africa’s interior

  • Belgium sent representatives to negotiate with African chiefs

    • Contracts were in English

    • Those who refused were shot

    • Chiefs were forced to give up their land

In the 1870s, European powers looked to fully colonize Africa. The map shows how Imperialist nations divided the continent.


AFRICA

Suez Canal

  • Connected Red & Mediterranean Seashortening trip to Asian markets

  • 1875 - Egyptneeded $ so they sold their share toEngland

  • Despite the voluntary sale, Egyptians grew angry & rebelled over foreign presence

    • 1882 Led to Egypt becoming a protectorate

Built in 1869

w/French $

Egypt & France = Partners


AFRICA

Boer War

Causes

1880-1881

England v. Dutch Farmers

  • England dedicated to expansion

  • British settlers in Dutch colonies outnumbered Boers

  • British gained control of area  new language & culture

    • British outlawed slavery

  • Boers left & founded Transvaal & Orange Free State

    • Diamonds were discovered in the Boers

British settlers continued to move north & on Dutch controlled land


AFRICA

Boer War

Outcomes

1880-1881

England v. Dutch Farmers

  • The Boers resisted British victory & practiced guerilla warfare

  • British arrested & imprisoned Boers

  • Boers finally gave up (1910)

  • Orange Free State & Transvaal became part of British Africa

    • Created the Union of South Africa

From Cape to Cairo

Cecil Rhodesvision of a English-speaking Empire became a reality.


Berlin conference
Berlin Conference

  • Free state of Congo

  • Free trade in Congo

    basin

  • Niger & Congo River

    free ship traffic

  • Prohibition of slave trade

  • If claim land, need est gov offices

http://teacherweb.ftl.pinecrest.edu/snyderd/MWH/Projects/mun-bc/wpe2.gif



The Scramble for Africa

Liberia & Ethiopia were the only independent African Nations


Scars left on Africa

  • Created problems between African tribes

  • Forced ethnic groups into same nation

  • Destroyed African culture

  • In many parts, segregation & class system based on color were introduced

  • Africa has yet to recover corruption, instability, violence & authoritative regimes are common



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