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Female Genital Mutilation. Julie Baumgart Molly Larsen Erin Morcomb. What is Female Genital Mutilation?. Removal of all or part of…. Clitoris Clitoral Hood Labia Minora Labia Majora Sewing together of outer labia majora to create a dime or nickel-sized vaginal opening. Before and After .

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female genital mutilation

Female Genital Mutilation

Julie Baumgart

Molly Larsen

Erin Morcomb

what is female genital mutilation
What is Female Genital Mutilation?

Removal of all or part of….

  • Clitoris
  • Clitoral Hood
  • Labia Minora
  • Labia Majora
  • Sewing together of outer labia majora to create a dime or nickel-sized vaginal opening
types of fgm
Types of FGM
  • Type 1 (Clitoridectomy)

-The removal of all or part of the clitoris

  • Type 2 (Excision)

-Removal of all of part of the labia minora

  • Type 3 (Infibulation/Pharaonic)

-Two sides of the vulva are sewed together

except for a small opening to permit the

passage of urine and menstrual blood

history of female genital mutilation
History of Female Genital Mutilation

WHEN/WHERE?

  • Developed in Islamic countries

WHY?

  • Sexuality diminished; less promiscuous
  • Cure insanity, epilepsy, catalepsy, hysteria
  • Decreased transmission of HIV/AIDS
  • Proof of virginity, dignity, fertility
  • Spiritual and physical threat to baby in utero or to husband during sexual intercourse
  • Makes young girls less masculine
immediate health risks of fgm
Immediate Health Risks of FGM
  • Kidney Infection
  • Anemia
  • Pubic cysts/abcesses
  • Very painful menses
  • Keloid formation
  • Urine retention
  • Dehydration
  • Fever
  • Gangrene
  • Genital Infection
  • Hemorrhaging
  • Death
  • Septicema
  • Tetanus
  • Urinary Tract Infection
long term health risks of fgm
Long-term Health Risks of FGM
  • Infertility
  • Psychological

Problems

  • Limited

choice of

contraceptives

  • Incontinence
  • Urethral & Vaginal Stenosis
  • Fistula
  • Birth Complications
  • Dispareunia
social implications
Social Implications
  • Unlikely that they will ever marry

In Sudan…

  • 10% of women believed that having the procedure done would increase their likelihood of finding a husband
  • 7.8% of men preferred a non-circumcised life partner
personal implications of refusal of fgm
Personal Implications of Refusal of FGM
  • Look at labia majora, clitoris and labia minora as male sexual organs
  • View operation as ridding women of small penis and they are then a true woman
religious implications of refusal of fgm
Religious Implications of Refusal of FGM
  • Majority believe that it is female responsibility to have it done to please their husband
  • Tightening done so that sex is more pleasureable for men (“wifely duty”)
  • Chastity
relevance in countries outside of africa
Relevance in Countries Outside of Africa
  • Certain groups support the continuation of this practice for their own economic purposes

Illegal in…

  • Great Britain
  • France
  • Germany
  • Sweden
relevance of fgm in the usa
Relevance of FGM in the USA
  • Immigration
  • Sex in the media-

*Cosmetic Surgery (Dr. 90210)

what do men think and feel about this practice being done to women
What do men think and feel about this practice being done to women?
  • Some men enjoy the tightening from infibulation
  • Others are disgusted by the thought of forcible sex
  • Some men prefer to keep the tradition
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