Female genital mutilation
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Female Genital Mutilation. Julie Baumgart Molly Larsen Erin Morcomb. What is Female Genital Mutilation?. Removal of all or part of…. Clitoris Clitoral Hood Labia Minora Labia Majora Sewing together of outer labia majora to create a dime or nickel-sized vaginal opening. Before and After .

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Female genital mutilation l.jpg

Female Genital Mutilation

Julie Baumgart

Molly Larsen

Erin Morcomb


What is female genital mutilation l.jpg
What is Female Genital Mutilation?

Removal of all or part of….

  • Clitoris

  • Clitoral Hood

  • Labia Minora

  • Labia Majora

  • Sewing together of outer labia majora to create a dime or nickel-sized vaginal opening



Types of fgm l.jpg
Types of FGM

  • Type 1 (Clitoridectomy)

    -The removal of all or part of the clitoris

  • Type 2 (Excision)

    -Removal of all of part of the labia minora

  • Type 3 (Infibulation/Pharaonic)

    -Two sides of the vulva are sewed together

    except for a small opening to permit the

    passage of urine and menstrual blood


History of female genital mutilation l.jpg
History of Female Genital Mutilation

WHEN/WHERE?

  • Developed in Islamic countries

    WHY?

  • Sexuality diminished; less promiscuous

  • Cure insanity, epilepsy, catalepsy, hysteria

  • Decreased transmission of HIV/AIDS

  • Proof of virginity, dignity, fertility

  • Spiritual and physical threat to baby in utero or to husband during sexual intercourse

  • Makes young girls less masculine


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Immediate Health Risks of FGM

  • Kidney Infection

  • Anemia

  • Pubic cysts/abcesses

  • Very painful menses

  • Keloid formation

  • Urine retention

  • Dehydration

  • Fever

  • Gangrene

  • Genital Infection

  • Hemorrhaging

  • Death

  • Septicema

  • Tetanus

  • Urinary Tract Infection



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Long-term Health Risks of FGM

  • Infertility

  • Psychological

    Problems

  • Limited

    choice of

    contraceptives

  • Incontinence

  • Urethral & Vaginal Stenosis

  • Fistula

  • Birth Complications

  • Dispareunia



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Social Implications Providers in Kenya

  • Unlikely that they will ever marry

    In Sudan…

  • 10% of women believed that having the procedure done would increase their likelihood of finding a husband

  • 7.8% of men preferred a non-circumcised life partner


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Personal Implications of Refusal of FGM Providers in Kenya

  • Look at labia majora, clitoris and labia minora as male sexual organs

  • View operation as ridding women of small penis and they are then a true woman


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Religious Implications of Refusal of FGM Providers in Kenya

  • Majority believe that it is female responsibility to have it done to please their husband

  • Tightening done so that sex is more pleasureable for men (“wifely duty”)

  • Chastity



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Relevance in Countries Outside of Africa Republic, and Eritrea

  • Certain groups support the continuation of this practice for their own economic purposes

    Illegal in…

  • Great Britain

  • France

  • Germany

  • Sweden


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Relevance of FGM in the USA Republic, and Eritrea

  • Immigration

  • Sex in the media-

    *Cosmetic Surgery (Dr. 90210)


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Criminalizing FGM in the USA Republic, and Eritrea


What are we doing to protect women and children from fgm l.jpg
What are we doing to protect women and children from FGM? Republic, and Eritrea

  • Somali Debate

  • Swedish law


What do men think and feel about this practice being done to women l.jpg
What do men think and feel about this practice being done to women?

  • Some men enjoy the tightening from infibulation

  • Others are disgusted by the thought of forcible sex

  • Some men prefer to keep the tradition


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