Contracts and credit deficiency
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Contracts and Credit-Deficiency. At-Risk Juniors @ Benson Polytechnic High School. Katie King Schneider – December 2012. The issue is…. Credit-deficient juniors are more likely to either not graduate at all or not graduate on time.

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Contracts and Credit-Deficiency

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Contracts and credit deficiency

Contracts and Credit-Deficiency

At-Risk Juniors @ Benson Polytechnic High School

Katie King Schneider – December 2012

The issue is

The issue is…

Credit-deficient juniors are more likely to either not graduate at all or not graduate on time.

Students that don’t graduate have a poorer quality of life and do not make as much as students that do graduate on-time from a regular high school.

Current research does not necessarily cover credit-deficiency: it jumps straight to students that have already dropped out, or college students.

Current research addresses a lot of big-picture ideas. The problem there? It’s not easily accessible!

Benson polytechnic high school

Benson Polytechnic High School


The Details

One of 2 magnet schoolsin PPS.

Benson graduates the most minority students of any PPS school.

  • Digital Media Production

  • Radio

  • Nursing

  • Dental

  • Medical Professions

  • Manufacturing

  • Automotive

  • Electric

  • Construction

How does benson compare

How does Benson Compare?

As it is

As it is…

42.5% of the junior class is

not currently set to graduate on time


Contracts and credit deficiency

What can be feasibly addressed by counseling staff within a reasonable time frame?

Addressing the issue…

  • Existing research supports the following interventions:

    • Clear, obtainable goals.

    • Discussion of alternatives.

    • Discussion of School Supports.

    • A consistent person for follow-through.

Data collection

Data Collection



Group Entrance/Exit Surveys (measuring school engagement & self confidence)


Hard Data

  • Data from Junior Transcripts

Entrance to Group

Assessing at risk juniors hard data

Assessing At-Risk Juniors: Hard Data

Category 1: On-track to graduate with 16 or more credits earned both overall and for their core classwork.

Category 2: On-track to graduate with 16 or more credits earned, but are not on-track to graduate with their core classwork.

Category 3: Not on-track to graduate, have earned 14-16 credits

Category 4: Not on-track to graduate, have earned 12-14 credits.

Category 5: Not on-track to graduate,

have earned fewer than 12 credits.

Addressing at risk juniors

Addressing At-Risk Juniors

Action Plan

Group Topics

4-6 sessions, including:

Goal Setting

Identifying what went wrong

Exploring options

Graduation Plan

Identifying school supports

  • Category 1: No action.

  • Category 2: Brief Contracts

  • Category 3: Group, Goal Setting & Contract.

  • Category 4: Group, Goal Setting, & Contract.

  • Category 5: Parent Meetings & Possible Transfer.

Benefits conclusions

Benefits & Conclusions

If it works?

Higher Reported School Engagement and School Support

Higher Reported Self-Confidence

Students will have made up 1 or more credits.

Ultimate goal

Ultimate Goal?


Not visible until 2014…



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  • Gándara, P. (2010). The Latino Education Crisis. Educational Leadership, 67(5), 24-30.

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