Final years and the lost cause
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Final Years and The Lost Cause . Tuesday Oct. 5, 2010 Mr. Paulson. Spark 7. What was the Emancipation Proclamation? Jan 1 1863, slaves in areas of rebellion against Union would be free What was Lincoln’s position? Effects of the E.P.? Quote on p . 171. Ends to a means.

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Final Years and The Lost Cause

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Final years and the lost cause

Final Years and The Lost Cause

Tuesday Oct. 5, 2010

Mr. Paulson


Spark 7

Spark 7

  • What was the Emancipation Proclamation?

    • Jan 1 1863, slaves in areas of rebellion against Union would be free

  • What was Lincoln’s position? Effects of the E.P.?

    • Quote on p. 171. Ends to a means.

    • Effects-none at first, border states unaffected, criticism from both camps in north, Europe applauds and ends chance France or G.B. will help South

    • For African Americans-southern slaves escape, northern free men join Union Army

  • How did the E.P. change the nature of the war?

    • All of sudden key goal of war is eradicating slavery, gave Northerners a crusade


Final years and the lost cause

1864

  • U.S. Grant:

    • Grant (after victories in West @ Shiloh, Vicks.) given command of Union Army

  • War of Attrition

    • Union strategy** to wear out R. E. Lee: destroy supplies, attack cities, engage in “total war”

  • Battle of Wilderness

    • First major meeting b/n Lee and Grant (stalemate)

    • Battle characterizes future encounters- 60,000 Americans will die at place like Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor.


Final years and the lost cause

1864

  • The Crater:

    • Grant corners Lee at Petersburg

    • Lee digs trenches

    • A. Burnside tries to blow up trenches w/a tunnel-forgets the ladders

  • Sherman’s “March to Sea”

    • W.T. Sherman- “total war” cuts communication, destroys Georgia countrside (new type of warfare)

    • Sherman’s neckties

    • “War is cruelty, there is no use trying to reform it. The crueler it is, the sooner it will be over.”

  • Election of 1864: Lincoln v. McClellan

    • Will decide whether or not to continue the war

    • Lincoln wins


Final years and the lost cause

1865

  • 13th Amendment

    • Abolishes slavery-entire Union

    • p. 190

  • Petersburg

    • Lee abandons Petersburg and later Richmond

    • Supplies are rapidly dwindling!!

  • Richmond

    • Grant follows Lee and destroys Richmond-Lincoln later visits


Final years and the lost cause

1865

  • Appomattox

    • Lee is cornered by two Union armies

    • Surrenders at Appomattox courthouse (Wilmer Mclean) and asks other CSA groups to lay down arms

    • Terms are kind: not punished as traitors, fed by Union

    • Union celebrates-Grant stops them- “the rebels are our countrymen again.”

  • Assassination

    • A few days after surrender Lincoln killed at Ford’s theater by John Wilkes Booth (“deadliest bullet of the war”)

    • Question: Why the deadliest bullet of the war?


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