Changes in the united states
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Changes in the United States. Vocab for Ch. 17 page 384. Industrial Revolution Homestead Act Monopoly Urbanization Populism Progressivism Sherman Antitrust Act defraud. Vocabulary Activity. Fold a paper in half twice to create four boxes

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Changes in the United States


Vocab for Ch. 17 page 384

  • Industrial Revolution

  • Homestead Act

  • Monopoly

  • Urbanization

  • Populism

  • Progressivism

  • Sherman Antitrust Act

  • defraud


Vocabulary Activity

  • Fold a paper in half twice to create four boxes

  • Define each vocab term by creating a picture or series of pictures that represents the definition.

  • After you have created your picture define the key terms in your own words in the box with the corresponding picture.


The Rise of Industry in the United States

Railroads- linked all parts of the nation and carried raw materials to factories

Steel- low cost metal that was easily produced and used to build railroads, factories, tools, and skyscrapers


Railroads lead industrial development

  • Homestead Act- gave free land in the west if you farmed it for 5 years

  • Transcontinental Railroad- connected Atlantic and Pacific coasts.

  • Union Pacific and Central Pacific were given the task to construct a route through the middle of the country.

  • Paid $16,000 per mile of flat land

    $48,000 per mile through mountains


Steel replaces iron

  • Steel is purified iron ore and better than iron

  • Andrew Carnegie was responsible for the growth of the US steel industry.

  • Produced his own steel at a lower cost and did so more quickly.

  • Steel then replaced iron and became the most important building material in the industrial era


Discovery of “black gold”

  • Black Gold- oil

  • Oil had to be refined to be useful

  • John D Rockefeller created Standard Oil Company that controlled 90% of the refining industry

  • Rockefeller created a monopoly or total control in an industry.

  • He did this by setting prices and controlling supply


Inventions

  • Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone which dramatically changed communication

  • Thomas Edison invented the phonograph, motion picture camera, light bulb, and the electrical power plant

  • Patent- legally prevents someone from coping another persons invention


Inventions Timeline

  • With a partner create a timeline of when you think the following major inventions happened. (1900-2012)

    1.HD TV7.The computer mouse

    2.Car8.YouTube

    3.Helicopter 9.the first video game

    4.Velcro10.airplane

    5.McDonalds11.Air Conditioner

    6.Mobile phones 12.Atomic Bomb


Manufacturing

  • Henry Ford in 1903 complete the first car or “horseless carriage”

  • Assembly line- Ford used to create cars more quickly and efficiently. One person responsible for one part. The car traveled along a conveyer belt as each person added their part

  • Able to produce 146 cars per hour or 1 car every 25 seconds


Robber Barons or captains of industry

  • Some people considered Carnegie, Rockefeller, and Ford to be thieves that took advantage of their workers and destroyed competitors

  • Others saw them as captains of industry who made the United States into the greatest industrial power in the world.

  • WHAT DO YOU THINK?


Answer questions 1-5 on page 389

  • Summarizing- Describe the building of the first transcontinental railroad.

  • How did steelmaking change between 1850 and 1900?

  • Why are the growth of railroads and steelmaking examples of the Industrial Revolution in America?

  • How did Edison, Rockefeller, Graham Bell, and Ford change the way people lived

  • What problems might have been created by the growth of industry?


Journal Entry (Ch.17.2)

  • Read pages 390-392

  • Write an journal entry (2 paragraphs) from the perspective of a family moving into the city for work. You can choose to be a farmer or an immigrant.

  • Make sure you explain why you are moving into the city.

  • Tell where you are from (what state/country) and where you are settling (city/state).

  • Describe how your new life is different. From your house to your surroundings


Changes to farming

  • New methods – rotating crops, fertilizers

  • New tools – steel plows and tractors

  • Transportation – improved market for selling goods

  • Problems – new methods and equipment meant less farmers needed;

  • Urbanization – farmers moved to cities in look for jobs


Ellis Island

  • Immigration station off the coast of New York where immigrants were made to stop to go through a series of exams before entering the U.S.


Immigration

  • Industries needed workers

  • Immigrants from Poland, Russia, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Greece, Turkey

  • Settled in Northeast and Midwest

  • Chinese – brought in for railroads, settled in California

  • Industrial development still slow in south


Problems in Cities

  • New jobs - teachers, doctors, bankers, lawyers, service (restaurants, police, fire fighters)

  • Problems – Overcrowding, poverty

  • Tenements – small run down apartment buildings often shared by many families

  • Rich became richer

  • Construction of skyscrapers


Populism

  • Inflation- rise in prices

  • Focused on meeting needs of common people

  • Gave farmers and workers a greater voice

  • Better working conditions, 8 hour work day, higher wages

  • Labor Unions – organized to give workers better wages and working conditions

  • Strike – shut down of factory organized by unions to get demands


Progressivism

  • Reform of city life, but not limited to cities

  • Jane Addams – Hull House

  • Initiative – voters propose laws

  • Referendum – voters vote directly

  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act – illegal for company to control entire industry

  • Teddy Roosevelt – 1st Progressive President – youngest president ever elected

  • The Jungle – book exposed meat packaging industry


Notes for Video

  • The Jungle

  • Name three problems mentioned in the video.

  • Identify 3 solutions to the problems mentioned.


Assembly Line

  • Engineer – traces stencil onto piece of paper

  • Production – Cuts outline out of paper

  • Assemblers - put boxes together

  • Efficiency Mgr/Quality Control – Takes notes on what group is doing right and wrong, how they can improve/ inspects quality of boxes – throws out poor quality boxes


Cottage Industry

  • Job titles

  • Same as above but there are only three students in a group. 2 students split the jobs of Engineer, Production, and Assembler, while 3rd is Efficiency Mgr/Quality Control


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