Characteristics of living things
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Characteristics of Living Things. Defining a living thing is a difficult task. How would you define “living”? What is life? What do you need to survive? What does a plant need? What does a fish need?. A living thing possesses certain properties that help define what life is. 1. Cells.

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Characteristics of Living Things

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Characteristics of living things

Characteristics of Living Things


Defining a living thing is a difficult task

Defining a living thing is a difficult task.

  • How would you define “living”?

  • What is life?

  • What do you need to survive?

  • What does a plant need?

  • What does a fish need?


A living thing possesses certain properties that help define what life is

A living thing possesses certain properties that help define what life is.


1 cells

1. Cells

Amoeba - single celled organism

Snail - multi-celled organism

  • All living things are made up of one or more cells.

  • The cell is the smallest functioning unit of all living things.

  • A living thing can be composed of one cell or many cells.


Cells

Cells

  • Cells are usually too small to be seen with the naked eye.

  • Cells are organized into tissues - a group of cells that perform the same function.

  • Tissues form organs such as the stomach and kidney.

  • A number of organs compose an organ system such as the digestive system.

  • An organism is a complex structure of organ systems.

Human Heart


2 metabolism

2. Metabolism

  • All living things are capable of taking materials from the surroundings and using them for energy to survive.

  • Organisms acquire nutrition by absorption, photosynthesis or ingestion.


3 response to stimuli

3. Response to Stimuli

  • All living things are able to respond to stimuli in the environment.

  • Living things respond to light, heat, sound and contact with chemicals or other objects.

  • Organisms can detect stimuli with eyes, ears, taste buds etc.


4 growth

4. Growth

  • All organisms grow or mature over time.

  • During growth a living thing transforms material that is unlike itself into materials that are like it.

  • A human digests a meal of meat and vegetables and transforms the material into more of him/herself.


5 reproduction

5. Reproduction

  • All living things contain the universal genetic code and have the ability to produce copies of itself by a process called reproduction.

  • Bacteria grow quickly and split into two organisms by a process called asexual reproduction.

  • More complex organisms, like animals, engage in sexual reproduction which requires two parents that contribute genes to their offspring.


6 respiration

6. Respiration

  • All living things exchange gas with the environment.

  • Animals inhale oxygen gas and exhale carbon dioxide gas

  • Plants absorb carbon dioxide from the environment and release oxygen.

  • Organisms perform chemical reactions during respiration.


7 homeostasis

7. Homeostasis

  • All living things must maintain a stable internal condition no matter the environment.

  • Animals regulate body temperature by sweating or shivering.

  • Organisms perform chemical reactions and have physical properties that help to maintain homeostasis.


8 evolution

8. Evolution

  • Populations of organisms have the ability to adapt to their environment through the process called evolution.

  • During evolution changes occur in populations, and the organisms in the population become better able to metabolize, respond and reproduce.

  • Organisms develop abilities to cope with their environment that their ancestors did not.


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